E não haverá outras prioridades além de SSBN novos, que são obviamente equipamentos de outro tempo ?
Caro Spectral, existem certamente outras prioridades, mas penso que para eles é prioritário a construção dos 12 SSBN da classe Yuriy Dolgorukiy (Borey - 955), para não correrem o risco de ficarem sem força de dissuação submarina. Não se esqueça que por 2010, sem novas construções, só vão ter 6 Delta IV em fim de vida útil. Para eles é importante não perderem a face em relação aos EUA. Mas é óbvio que devem existir outras prioridades.
Defense Budget to Grow by 28%Tuesday, August 24, 2004By Lyuba ProninaStaff Writer The Cabinet on Monday approved a draft 2005 budget that boosts defense spending by 28 percent and promises to cover the government's ambitious social reform to switch Soviet-era benefits to cash payments for vulnerable citizens.The draft budget puts revenues at 3.33 trillion rubles ($114 billion) and spending at 3.05 trillion rubles. The projected surplus will amount to 254 billion rubles, or 1.5 percent of gross domestic product.Defense tops the list of spending items at 528 billion rubles ($18 billion), a significant boost from the 411 billion rubles earmarked in this year's budget and the miniscule 93 billion rubles set aside in 1999. National defense has received top priority in the four years since President Vladimir Putin took office. But the extra money has mostly gone to maintain and improve conditions in the military and done little to upgrade its aging arsenal of weapons. A chunk of the increases has also been eaten up by inflation.Although defense spending accounts for 17 percent of the budget, Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov said Monday that there is no reason to suggest the budget is militarized."National defense spending in the draft 2005 budget is at 2.6 percent to 2.7 percent of gross domestic product, as in previous years," he said in televised remarks.The Kremlin-controlled State Duma is to consider the draft budget in the first of four readings Sept. 26.Duma Speaker Boris Gryzlov said deputies would thoroughly review the budget but added that "the parameters that are already known inspire optimism."The budget approved Monday contains only broad parameters for spending next year. The details of who will get what will be hammered out in the Duma. Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin said the proposed budget ensures that the government will be able to meet all its social obligations, including the planned transfer on Jan. 1 to the cash payment system for retirees, war veterans, the disabled and others."Not a single benefits recipient will be forgotten," Kudrin said.He also said the government will not need to borrow money abroad next year due to the amount of cash piling up in a state stabilization fund thanks to high global oil prices.Education and Science Minister Andrei Fursenko said he was satisfied with the amount allocated for schools, but Agriculture Minister Alexei Gordeyev said he would complain to the pro-Kremlin United Russia party, which controls the Duma, that his budget is being cut by 10 percent.Defense spending is a state secret, but the government does provide general information about how the money is distributed. For 2005, the largest portion of defense spending, 383 billion rubles, is to go toward maintaining the armed forces, while 81 billion rubles will be allotted for defense research and development. A total of 8.7 billion rubles will go to the nuclear weapons complex and 61 million rubles to peacekeeping operations and maintaining security in the former Soviet Union.Ivanov expressed concern that the extra funds for defense might end up being swallowed by growing energy and transportation costs.He also said that most of the extra funds will go toward arms procurement and defense research and development.Earlier this month, Kudrin said allocations for arms procurement and defense research would be increased by 70 billion rubles next year. Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov said in March that the figure in this year's budget is nearly 150 billion rubles. If the amount is boosted to 220 billion rubles ($7.5 billion), it would be the first time that post-Soviet Russia will spend more on arms than it earns in arms sales, industry experts said. Last year, the defense industry hit a new post-Soviet record of $5.6 billion in export revenues.Yet it is unlikely that the defense industry will get a significant injection of cash in sales to the military. Aircraft-production plants say more than 90 percent of their revenues come from exports.Konstantin Makiyenko, deputy head of the Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies, said this raises questions about where the money is actually going. Last year the military bought 14 tanks and upgraded five fighter jets."Something is wrong. There's a lot of money but no results," Makiyenko said.Ivan Safranchuk, head of the Moscow office for the Washington-based Center for Defense Information, said the government appears to be investing more in research and development. "Last year, R&D stood at 51 billion rubles and was upgraded to 81 billion rubles this year. This is an investment in the future," Safranchuk said. He said, however, that the extra $1 billion is still kopeks compared to other countries' defense budgets: While Russia's 2004 defense budget is 411 billion rubles, the U.S. budget is $411 billion.
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