Programa Nunn-Lugar

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Programa Nunn-Lugar
« em: Fevereiro 04, 2005, 11:20:42 pm »
Nunn-Lugar Program Deactivated 312 Russian Nuclear Warheads in 2004
(Source: US State Department; issued Feb. 3, 2005)
 The Nunn-Lugar program, designed to destroy weapons from the former Soviet Union, deactivated 312 Russian nuclear warheads in 2004, bringing the total weapons destroyed since the program began to 6,564, according to a report from the U.S. Defense Threat Reduction Agency.  
Senate Foreign Relations Chairman Richard E. Lugar said in a prepared statement January 27 that in addition to the 312 warheads removed from Russian missile systems, the program last year also:  
-- Destroyed 41 SS-18 Satan missiles, each capable of delivering 10 warheads;  
-- Destroyed 22 missile silos housing SS-18 missiles;  
-- Destroyed 18 Backfire bombers in Ukraine, each capable of carrying three nuclear air-launched cruise missiles;  
-- Destroyed 93 long-range nuclear-capable air-launched cruise missiles that were carried by Bear and Blackjack bombers;  
-- Destroyed 81 submarine-launched nuclear-capable ballistic missiles in Russia that were carried aboard Typhoon, Delta III, and Delta IV submarines; and  
-- Destroyed nine mobile intercontinental ballistic missile launchers.  
The Nunn-Lugar program, created by Congress in 1991, is formally known as the Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program and provides assistance for dismantling or safely storing the nuclear, biological and chemical weapons of the former Soviet arsenal. Designed to limit the threat of itinerant weaponry, Nunn-Lugar established a fund to pay for the identification, destruction and disposal of nuclear and chemical weapons. The initiative also welcomes former Soviet scientists to work in non-weapons research initiatives, Lugar said.  
The International Science and Technology Centers, of which the United States is the leading sponsor, have engaged 58,000 former weapons scientists in peaceful work, Lugar said. The International Proliferation Prevention Program has funded 750 projects involving 14,000 former weapons specialists and created some 580 new, peaceful, high-technology jobs, he said.  
"Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan are nuclear weapons-free as a result of cooperative efforts under the Nunn-Lugar program," Lugar said.  


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