US Marine Corp

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Lusitano89

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Re: US Marine Corp
« Responder #30 em: Janeiro 22, 2020, 10:17:02 pm »
 

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Lusitano89

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Re: US Marine Corp
« Responder #31 em: Fevereiro 06, 2020, 09:09:19 pm »
 

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Vitor Santos

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Re: US Marine Corp
« Responder #32 em: Fevereiro 13, 2020, 01:07:00 am »
 

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Vitor Santos

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Re: US Marine Corp
« Responder #33 em: Março 24, 2020, 03:30:14 pm »
Fuzileiros Navais dos EUA irão se reequipar, de olho na China


Por Michael R. Gordon

O Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais está realizando sua transformação mais abrangente em décadas, alterando de um foco na luta contra insurgentes no Oriente Médio para desenvolver a capacidade de saltar de ilha para ilha no Pacífico ocidental para enfrentar a esquadra chinesa.

O plano de dez anos para reformular o Corpo, marcado para ser divulgado nesta semana, segue anos de simulações (jogos de guerra) confidenciais nos EUA que revelaram que as forças navais e mísseis da China estão sobrepujando as vantagens militares americanas na região.


“A China, em termos de capacidade militar, é a ameaça emergente”, disse o general David Berger, Comandante do Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais dos EUA em uma entrevista. “Se não fizermos nada, seremos derrotados.”

Para se reinventarem como uma força expedicionária naval dentro dos limites do orçamento, os fuzileiros navais planejam desincorporar todos os carros de combate, cortar suas aeronaves e diminuir o número total de 189.000 para 170.000 militares, disse o general Berger.

“Cheguei à conclusão de que precisamos reduzir o tamanho do Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais para obter qualidade”, disse ele.

As mudanças fazem parte de uma mudança de todos os ramos das forças armadas, que estão aperfeiçoando novos conceitos de combate e planejando gastar bilhões de dólares com o que de acordo com o Pentágono será a ampliação da “concorrência” com a China e com a Rússia.


Quase 20 anos atrás, as tropas dos EUA se viram combatendo militantes no Iraque e no Afeganistão que usaram carros-bomba e explosivos remotamente controlados a beira das estradas, mas não tinham força aérea ou forças mecanizadas pesadas.

Enquanto os EUA se concentraram no Oriente Médio, no entanto, China e Rússia trabalharam em sistemas para frustrar a capacidade americana de reunir forças proximo de suas fronteiras e comandá-las em batalha. Se a guerra estourasse, concluíram as autoridades americanas, a China poderia disparar centenas de mísseis nas bases aéreas, portos e centros de comando dos EUA e aliados em todo o Pacífico, bloquear o GPS das forças armadas dos EUA, atacar sistemas de satélite e usar suas defesas aéreas para manter os aviões de guerra dos EUA distantes.

Uma avaliação preocupante de como as forças americanas enfrentariam os rivais, foi preparada pelo Gabinete de Avaliação do Pentágono e pela Rand Corporation sendo apresentada ao então secretário de Defesa Jim Mattis em 2017.


A nova estratégia enfrenta alguns obstáculos significativos. Uma, que é a mais provável, é que o orçamento de defesa permaneça estável ou seja reduzido nos próximos anos. Outra questão é se Washington será capaz de se concentrar nas ameaças chinesas e russas, dadas as tensões constantes com o Irã.

Alguns fuzileiros navais da reserva alertam que um foco muito centrado na China pode tornar o Corpo menos flexível para lidar com conflitos que podem surgir no Oriente Médio.

“Eu acho que é um erro se organizar para ir atrás de uma região específica”, disse Anthony Zinni, general de 4 estrelas da reserva do Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais que liderou o Comando Central.

O núcleo do plano do general Berger é o estabelecimento de unidades expedicionárias navais – o que os fuzileiros navais chamam de “regimentos costeiros” – cuja missão seria enfrentar a marinha chinesa. Se surgisse um confronto, os regimentos dispersariam pequenas equipes de fuzileiros navais, que empregariam embarcações de desembarque visando as pequenas ilhas que pontilham os mares do sul e leste da China, segundo o general Berger e outros oficiais de alto escalão do Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais. Munidos de drones carregados de sensores que operam no ar, no mar e debaixo d’água, os fuzileiros navais atacariam navios de guerra chineses antes de se aventurarem no Pacífico.

As equipes de Fuzileiros Navais lançariam mísseis anti navio na esquadra chinesa. Os dados de alvos também seriam passados ​​para unidades da Força Aérea ou da Marinha mais distantes, que disparariam mísseis de longo alcance. Para evitar golpes de retaliação, os fuzileiros navais poderão “pular” de ilha em ilha a cada 48 ou 72 horas, contando com navios anfíbios que possam ser pilotados remotamente. Outras equipes de fuzileiros navais operariam a partir de navios de guerra dos EUA com simulacros de embarcações nas proximidades.

O general Berger disse que os jogos de guerra mostraram que as novas capacidades e táticas dos Fuzileiros Navais criariam “uma tonelada de problemas” para as forças chinesas.

Os fuzileiros navais desdobrariam novas baterias de mísseis, unidades de drones e navios anfíbios. Um grande esforço está sendo feito para aliviar o fardo logístico, como explorar o uso da impressão em 3D no campo de batalha para produzir peças de reposição. A estratégia exige uma integração mais profunda com a Marinha, e as equipes de Fuzileiros Navais podem realizar outras missões, como reabastecer submarinos ou aviões de caça.

Para financiar as capacidades, os fuzileiros navais dispensarão todos os carros de combate ao longo dos próximos anos, eliminarão suas companhias de lançamento de pontes e reduzirão a aviação e obuses.


O general Berger disse que o ajuste nos próximos 10 a 20 anos faz parte do plano e que os fuzileiros navais estão prosseguindo com “a visão clara de que a ameaça também está se movendo”.

Fonte: Wall Street Journal.

Tradução e adaptação: Marcio Geneve.

 :arrow:  https://www.defesaaereanaval.com.br/naval/fuzileiros-navais-dos-eua-irao-se-reequipar-de-olho-na-china
 
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Cabeça de Martelo

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Re: US Marine Corp
« Responder #34 em: Março 31, 2020, 03:31:25 pm »
After Nearly a Century, the U.S. Marine Corps Is Ditching Its Tanks
The service is optimizing its hardware in order to duke it out in the South China Sea.

BY KYLE MIZOKAMI



The U.S. Marine Corps is eliminating all of its tanks and most of its artillery to become a smaller, lighter force.
The Marines are shifting towards the ability to seize small islands in the South China Sea during wartime.
Marine aviation, law enforcement, and other arms will also face steep cuts or elimination.

The U.S. Marine Corps is remaking itself to better fight China in a potential conflict, and it’s making bold choices to make it happen. The Marines will eliminate all of their tank units (a capability the service has had for nearly a century), most of its tube artillery, and a substantial amount of aviation units. In return the service will bulk up with long-range rocket artillery and anti-ship missiles, weapons the service thinks will be more useful in island-hopping campaigns in the South Pacific.

The Marine Corps, according to USNI News, says it is not “optimized to meet the demands of the National Defense Strategy.” The service also identifies China as the “pacing threat” to the U.S. and its allies in the coming years. Most experts believe that in the event of conflict between the two countries, the South China Sea will be a major theater of war.

The sea is the location of several island archipelagos, including the Spratly Islands, Paracel Islands, and a number of islets, atolls, shoals, and other above-water terrain features. In recent years China has claimed up to ninety percent of the South China Sea and established military bases at several key locations.

If war unfortunately breaks out, the Marine Corps will almost certainly ride into the South China Sea on Navy transport ships and seize many of these islands with military bases, in order to deprive China of their ports and airfields and the ability to flex military power. None of these “islands” are very large: Fiery Cross Reef, the site of a Chinese military air base, is only 677 acres. Subi Reef, the site of another air base, is only 976 acres.

The small size of the islands limits the size of the force needed to defend them, as well as the size of the force required to take them. The Marines apparently think that 65-ton M1A1 Abrams main battle tanks won’t be needed in amphibious assaults launched to take them, especially since China is unlikely to base their own tanks on these islands. Heavy cannon artillery in the 155-millimeter range would also be unnecessary, as the islands are too tiny to utilize their range.

The Marines are eliminating all four tank battalions, including three active duty and one reserve battalion equivalent. The Marine Corps has fielded tanks for 97 continuous years, receiving six M1917 six-ton tanks from the U.S. Army in 1923. The cuts will remove approximately 200 M1A1 Abrams main battle tanks from the Marines' inventory. Bridging units capable of setting up mobile bridges are also going away, as none of the islands have any rivers or streams.

The service will also eliminate three infantry battalions, each with about 800 personnel, 16 out of 21 artillery cannon batteries, two out of six amphibious companies, and four tiltrotor and helicopter squadrons. Even F-35 units will take a hit—though the Marines won’t deactivate any squadrons, each will have only 10 F-35s instead of the planned 16. Presumably that will also mean the Marines will buy fewer F-35s.

The Marines will make heavy cuts in existing capabilities to stand up new capabilities. Long range rocket artillery, which will allow the Marines to strike other islands and even People’s Liberation Army Navy ships at sea, will see a 300 percent boost. The Marines’ rocket artillery platform is HIMARS, or High Mobility Artillery Rocket System. HIMARS is a six tube rocket launcher mounted on the back of an armored truck, and has the capability to

The Marines are also buying new Naval Strike Missiles and Maritime Strike Tomahawk, a variant of the Tomahawk land attack cruise missile. Both missiles will allow the Marines to quickly fortify any islands that fall under their control, forcing Chinese navy ships to keep their distance. Maritime Strike Tomahawk has an unclassified range, according to Defense News, “of about 900 nautical miles.”

The Marines new blueprint is not without risks. The lack of tanks and the loss of tube artillery and an attack helicopter squadron arguably leaves the Marines with fewer weapons to confront main battle tanks. One potential combat zone for the Marines is the Baltic Sea versus Russia, and Moscow has several thousand tanks.

But the U.S. defense budget even before the coronavirus crisis was going to be tight in the 2020s, and the economic downturn from the ongoing public health emergency will be severe. A remodeled Marine Corps is inevitable and the service is taking the initiative before someone forces it on them.

The rest of the armed services would do well to follow the Marines’ example.

https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/weapons/a31915295/marine-corps-tanks/
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Cabeça de Martelo

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Re: US Marine Corp
« Responder #35 em: Abril 16, 2020, 02:57:24 pm »
A CHAT WITH THE COMMANDANT: GEN. DAVID H. BERGER ON THE MARINE CORPS’ NEW DIRECTION
GEN. DAVID H. BERGER AND RYAN EVANS

 :arrow: https://warontherocks.com/2020/04/a-chat-with-the-commandant-gen-david-h-berger-on-the-marine-corps-new-direction/

Inimigo número 1 - China!
7. Todos os animais são iguais mas alguns são mais iguais que os outros.

 
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dc

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Re: US Marine Corp
« Responder #36 em: Abril 26, 2020, 03:23:36 pm »
Será que entre as unidades aéreas, vão retirar alguns UH-1Y? Se sim, podiam passar pelo tópico dos helis de evacuação para a FAP e oferecê-los aqui aos amigos do ouro lado do Atlântico.  ::)
 

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Vitor Santos

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Re: US Marine Corp
« Responder #37 em: Maio 03, 2020, 03:46:59 pm »
US Marine Corps Selects Kongsberg’s MCT-30 for Amphibious Combat Vehicle 30 (ACV-30)


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The U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) selects 30 mm cannon Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV-30) is slated to be outfitted with Kongsberg’s Protector Medium Caliber Turret. MCT-30 is a remote weapon station developed for wheeled and tracked armoured fighting vehicles and its main weapon is the XM813 30 mm Mk44 Bushmaster chain gun. The ACV-30 integrates a 30mm cannon to provide the lethality and protection the Marines need while leaving ample room for troop capacity and payload. The contract calls for the design and development of the command (ACV-C) and the 30mm medium caliber cannon (ACV-30) variants.

BAE Systems, along with teammate Iveco Defence Vehicles, has been awarded a $67 million contract modification by the U.S. Marine Corps to develop new variants for the Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) Family of Vehicles programme. BAE Systems was previously awarded a low-rate initial production contract in June 2018 for the personnel variant (ACV-P). The US Marine Corps announced the ACV had successfully completed anticipated requirements testing and would no longer be pursuing an envisioned incremental ACV 1.1 and ACV 1.2 development approach. The programme is now known as the ACV Family of Vehicles, which encompasses the breadth and depth of the vehicle’s capabilities and multiple variants.


The MCT-30 Protector Medium Caliber Turret is a remote weapon station developed for wheeled and tracked armored fighting vehicles. Developed and manufactured by Norwegian company Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace, the MCT-30 has a modular construction, featuring varying levels of armored protection, optional sighting equipment and the ability to mount varying calibre (25 to 50mm) chain-guns. The Mk44 fires the complete Orbital ATK family of 30 x 173mm ammunition, including the ability to program and fire the Mk310 Air Burst Munition. The PROTECTOR MCT-30 has been presented on all the major manufacturers 8×8 fighting vehicles and some tracked vehicle. It’s in service on the Patria AMV and GDLS Stryker 8×8.

In 2015, the US Army decided to upgrade a portion of the STRYKER Infantry Carrier Vehicle (ICV) fleet with a 30mm automatic cannon. The first STRYKER DRAGOON equipped with the Kongsberg Protector MCT-30 turret was delivered to the US Army in Europe in December 2017. The MCT (Medium Calibre Turret) as incorporated on the STRYKER carries a 30mm Mk 44 BUSHMASTER chaingun. In addition to the main gun, the turret mounts a coaxial 7.62 machine gun and a roof-mounted second machine gun. Alternately to the roof-mounted MG, the PROTECTOR MCT can be equipped with a secondary remote weapon station (RWS) such as the Kongsberg PROTECTOR CROWS. Optional supplementary armament includes Javelin Anti-Tank Guided Missile.

 :arrow:  https://militaryleak.com/2020/05/03/us-marine-corps-selects-kongsbergs-mct-30-for-amphibious-combat-vehicle-30-acv-30/
 

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dc

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Re: US Marine Corp
« Responder #38 em: Junho 05, 2020, 03:12:27 pm »
Ai está um veículo anfíbio para os Fuzos!
 

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Lightning

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Re: US Marine Corp
« Responder #39 em: Julho 07, 2020, 10:37:39 pm »
A CHAT WITH THE COMMANDANT: GEN. DAVID H. BERGER ON THE MARINE CORPS’ NEW DIRECTION
GEN. DAVID H. BERGER AND RYAN EVANS

 :arrow: https://warontherocks.com/2020/04/a-chat-with-the-commandant-gen-david-h-berger-on-the-marine-corps-new-direction/

Inimigo número 1 - China!

É estranho ao inicio pensarmos nos US Marines como uma força "commando type" tão grandes que são, mas eles estão a despachar toda a maquinaria pesada, carros de combate, artilharia rebocada, pontes, policia militar, etc, e operações com grandes unidades, Divisões, Brigadas, demoradas no tempo e com grande necessidade logística tipo Iraque, o US Army que continue a fazer isso, os Marines não precisam de ser um 2ºexercito, estão a apostar em unidades escalão batalhão/Regimento, muito autónomos, com grande capacidade de misseis e de drones armados, grande capacidade anti-aérea e anti-navio, parece quererem navios de projecção mais pequenos.

https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/dead-armor-united-states-marines-corps-eliminate-its-tank-force-136682

https://www.csis.org/analysis/marine-corps-radical-shift-toward-china

https://www.everycrsreport.com/reports/IN11281.html

Estão a criar forças que rapidamente podem ser colocadas em ilhas e criar uma bolha à volta da ilha.
« Última modificação: Julho 07, 2020, 10:40:42 pm por Lightning »
 

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Cabeça de Martelo

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Re: US Marine Corp
« Responder #40 em: Julho 08, 2020, 09:12:06 am »
Exacto, é essa a ideia.
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Lusitan

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Re: US Marine Corp
« Responder #41 em: Julho 08, 2020, 10:07:33 am »
Digamos que tanques não são muito efectivos para invadir ilhas no Pacífico ou Mar do Sul da China.  ;D
 

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Cabeça de Martelo

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NVF

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Re: US Marine Corp
« Responder #43 em: Julho 31, 2020, 12:44:40 pm »
Será que também se vão desfazer dos M1 pré-posicionados na Noruega?
Talent de ne rien faire
 

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Vitor Santos

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Re: US Marine Corp
« Responder #44 em: Agosto 01, 2020, 10:11:54 pm »
Marine Corps Plan to Ditch Tanks Could Burden the Army, Experts Say


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The Marine Corps is in the process of getting rid of its tanks in preparation for possible island-hopping missions in the Pacific, but the move could lead to a bitter inter-service divide if the Army is tasked with filling the gap, defense experts warned this week.

Some Marine Corps tank companies have cased their colors, winding up decades-long missions as part of a service-wide redesign. Charlie Company, 2nd Tank Battalion, was the latest armor unit to shut down this week in a ceremony at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.

The company's M1A1 Abrams tanks were hauled away Monday. A few weeks prior, members of 1st Tank Battalion saw their tanks off at Twentynine Palms in California.

The move has left many with mixed feelings, including a pair of retired Marines who sounded off on the decision during a virtual event hosted by the conservative Heritage Foundation think tank billed as "Re-Designing the Marine Corps for Future War: Necessity or Madness?"

"The Marine Corps likes to think of itself as kind of a Swiss Army knife," said retired Marine Col. Mark Cancian, a senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. "But this will be a Swiss Army knife whose owner has ripped out a couple of blades because he doesn't think he's going to need them anymore."

Cancian and retired Lt. Col. Frank Hoffman, distinguished research fellow at the National Defense University, both said there are things they like about Marine Commandant Gen. David Berger's plan to reshape the force in preparation for future conflicts with more skilled adversaries.

Many of the changes tie into the National Defense Strategy, Hoffman said. And investments in long-range precision fires and smaller amphibious ships would be necessary should conflict with China break out, Cancian added.

But both say they're concerned about the decision to fully cut tanks from the Marine Corps' arsenal.

"I've heard the Marine Corps argue that they can get these missing capabilities from other services, particularly from the Army. But I think that's unlikely," Cancian said. "I think, if the Marine Corps wanted those assets, that a combatant commander would have to take them away from the Army, which would engender a bitter inter-service fight."

Lt. Gen. Eric Smith, the head of Marine Corps Combat Development Command, told Military.com earlier this year that, as the nation's "fight tonight" force, Marines have to travel as lightly as possible.

"There are other forces within the Department of Defense, because we're part of a joint force, who can bring ... the big, heavy fist," Smith said. "For example, the Army, I believe, has 37 tank battalions, so we're pretty well covered on tanks."

Hoffman said it remains to be seen whether the Marine Corps' plans fit into a larger strategy for the joint force. If Army units are going to be tasked with complementing Marine Corps missions, he said, it would require new training and doctrine.

Cancian agreed, adding that the Marine Corps' plans could place new burdens on the Army. Both retired officers advocated for the Marine Corps Reserve to keep some of its tanks.

"[That's] a very appropriate strategy to manage some of the risks," Hoffman said. Both he and Cancian served in the Marine Corps Reserve.

At least one Reserve unit -- Alpha Company, 4th Tank Battalion -- has already been deactivated. All of 4th Tanks' six companies, along with its battalion headquarters, are expected to deactivate by the end of 2021, said Maj. Roger Hollenbeck, a spokesman for Marine Forces Reserve.

As Marines with Charlie Company, 2nd Tank Battalion, said goodbye to their tanks this week, Capt. John Fergerson, the commanding officer, called it a somber day for many.

"Not only for tankers, but for many of my fellow warfighters as well," he said, according to a Marine Corps news release on the company's deactivation.

 :arrow:  https://news.yahoo.com/marine-corps-plan-ditch-tanks-160713806.html
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