Brasil? Chile? Algum país de Leste?Portugal não é de certeza
Citação de: "P44"Brasil? Chile? Algum país de Leste?Portugal não é de certezaDe repente se duplicarmos a exportação de vinho do porto,quem sabe?Abraços,
Mesmo se o preço do Vinho do Porto subisse tanto como o do petróleo sem abrandamento da procura, haveria melhores utilizações para tanto dinheiro.Para quê mais uma classe de fragatas multirole ?
não me admirava nada que a T-23 excedente fosse para o Chile
Government cancels two warshipsRoyal Navy's new Type 45 Destroyer HMS DaringThe Royal Navy does not have "unlimited resources"The government has cancelled plans to build an extra two Type 45 Destroyers for the Royal Navy.Armed Forces Minister Bob Ainsworth told the Commons it would not be taking up the option to build the seventh and eighth warships.Already, six high-tech £600m Type 45s have been ordered and will be based in Portsmouth, Hampshire.Mr Ainsworth said there were not "unlimited resources" for the Navy but the fleet had "sufficient capability".A spokesman for Portsmouth-based VT Group, which builds the bows, funnels and masts for the ships, said it was not surprised and had not budgeted for the order - therefore the decision would have no impact on jobs.Mr Ainsworth, opening a Commons debate on defence, said: "The reality is we do not have unlimited resources. The six destroyers already on contract will provide a formidable capabilityArmed Forces MinisterBob Ainsworth MP"We have to prioritise between a range of competing requirements, focusing on the balance between current operations and future capability."That is why I can confirm that we have taken a decision not to take the option to order the seventh and eighth Type 45 destroyers."The six destroyers already on contract will provide a formidable capability."The ships are assembled at BAE Systems shipyard on the Clyde in Scotland.The first of the Type 45s, HMS Daring, is due to go into service next year.Mr Ainsworth added that work on new vessels to replace the Type 22 and 23 frigates would, also be accelerated.
BAE to Build 155mm Naval Gun for U.KLONDON - The possibility of British warships firing 155mm artillery is a step closer to reality after an announcement from BAE Systems that it has signed a deal with the Ministry of Defence to build a gun to undertake land-based firing trials next year.CORDA, BAE's consulting arm, together with the company's Land Systems business in Britain and defense research company QinetiQ, hope to start live-firing trials in fall 2009 with a 155mm naval gun based on the British Army's AS90 self-propelled howitzer system.BAE said it is also exploiting the capabilities of other company business units such as Armament Systems in the U.S. and Bofors in Sweden.The Armament Systems division is already in the latter stages of developing a similar system for the U.S. Navy - the 155mm Advanced Gun System destined for the force's DDG 1000 destroyer program.No more than two DDG 1000s are likely to be built rather than the seven planned, but the AGS could find its way onto up-rated Arleigh Burke DDG-51 destroyers likely to be built in their place.If the 4 million pound ($7.55 million) British contract goes according to plan, BAE hopes to move to a full technology demonstrator program ahead of possible retrofitting of the gun to existing Type 23 frigates and Type 45 destroyers, as well as an upcoming generation of warships known as the Future Surface Combatant.This latest contract is the third phase of work that kicked off in 2006 as part of a three-year MoD research program known as Maritime Surface Effects. Eight different study programs are looking at issues such as coastal suppression, naval fire support, offensive and defensive surface warfare, and the role of unmanned surface vehicles.BAE said in a statement that replacing the current 4.5-inch gun with a 155mm system would increase the range and effect on targets while also reducing costs by using the same gun and ammunition as the British Army.Previous study phases examined the feasibility of fitting the 155mm gun into the existing Mk8 Mod 1 turret and considered some of the technology risks of the proposed solution."In addition to providing the Royal Navy with a potential low-cost route to a significant enhancement in capability, this program will help to sustain the U.K. industrial capacity to design, upgrade and manufacture artillery and gunnery systems," BAE Land System executive John Kelly said.http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i= ... =EUR&s=SEA
BOTADO EL CUARTO DESTRUCTOR TYPE 45El Lunes 17 de Noviembre era botado el destructor Dragon, cuarto del Tipo 45 para la Royal Navy. La ceremonia tuvo lugar en los astilleros de BVT del río Clyde. El Dragon estuvo decorado con un gran dragón de Gales en su proa.De los otros tres destructores botados, el Daring ha finalizado las pruebas del constructor, el Dauntless las acaba de iniciar hace unos días y el Diamond se encuentra finalizando su construcción en los astilleros y empezará sus pruebas de mar dentro de un año. El quinto está aún en construcción en grada y del sexto se inició el corte de metal en Febrero de este año.Una de las características de estos destructores es la posibilidad de transportar 60 Marines completamente equipados y operar un helicóptero Chinook desde su plataforma de vuelo. http://eltiradorsolitario.blogspot.com/
Navy faces aircraft carriers delayBy Sylvia Pfeifer and Alex Barker Published: December 4 2008 23:32 | Last updated: December 4 2008 23:32The Royal Navy will have to wait up to two years longer for its £4bn aircraft carriers under cost-cutting plans being finalised by John Hutton, defence secretary. The decision to push back one of the government’s sacrosanct defence equipment programmes represents a sharp reversal. Ministers have always insisted the two ships would be in service by 2014 and 2016. According to industry insiders, the Ministry of Defence is considering two options: delaying the in-service date of the first carrier by 12 months or delaying the second ship by up to two years. Mr Hutton’s willingness to delay such an important programme underlines the severity of the cash crisis facing the MoD. He has expressed determination to make the department “live within its means” while prioritising support for frontline troops in Iraq and Afghanistan.He is expected to stress that investment will not stop and there will be no impact on jobs. The delay, intended to spread costs, will also help synchronise the project with the expected delivery in 2017 of the F-35 Lightning II or Joint Strike Fighter, the aircraft being built to fly from the ships. Industry executives think the earlier in-service dates unrealistic given the contract for the programme was signed this year.The results of a review of the equipment programme are expected early next week. No major programmes will be cancelled but most will face some delay. The moves will not be enough to allow the MoD to balance its budget for 2009. Future Lynx, the £1bn helicopters programme, is safe although the final number ordered will be cut marginally. AgustaWestland, the defence contractor, will be awarded an additional contract to upgrade existing Lynx helicopters for use in Afghanistan. A £16bn programme to build armoured vehicles for the army will be revamped. The MoD is expected to prioritise investment in the Scout reconnaissance vehicle rather than the Fres utility vehicle, in a blow to General Dynamics, the US contractor that this year won a provisional contract for the design. The Society of British Aerospace Companies wrote to Alistair Darling, chancellor, and Peter Mandelson, business secretary, before last month’s pre-Budget report urging them to consider the contribution the sector could make to an economic stimulus package. On Thursday night the MoD said it hoped to make an announcement “in due course”. Additional reporting by James Blitz
Falkland Islands to be left without warshipThe Falkland Islands are to be left without the protection of a British warship for the first time since the war with Argentina because the Royal Navy no longer has enough ships to meet all its commitments. Sean Rayment, Defence Correspondent Last Updated: 1:32PM GMT 07 Dec 2008HMS Northumberland has been pulled off Falkland duties because of Navy outstretch The frigate HMS Northumberland, which is armed with guided missiles, torpedoes and a Lynx helicopter, was due to be sent on patrol to the islands this month. But it will now be replaced by a Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) vessel not equipped for offensive combat operations. The controversial decision was forced on senior naval commanders by the increasing problem of overstretch facing the Royal Navy. Cuts to the size of the fleet over the last 10-years – the Royal Navy has just 22 frigates and destroyers compared to 65 in 1982 – has left the service with too few ships to meet its responsibilities. The Telegraph also understands that the Royal Navy is likely to face more cuts in the near future while major projects such as the £3.9bn new carrier programme could be delayed. Ageing vessels such as Type 23 frigates, which were commissioned in the late 1980s, will have their service life extended by up to 20-years. The last time the British government reduced its naval presence in the South Atlantic was in 1982 when the ice patrol vessel HMS Endurance was withdrawn from patrolling the area around the Falkland Islands. The move prompted an invasion by the Argentine military and led to the Falklands War. HMS Northumberland was due to begin a six-month voyage in the South Atlantic but has been diverted to take part in the European Union counter-piracy mission off the coast of east Africa. In its place, RFA Largs Bay, a landing ship which is crewed by civilian sailors, will arrive in the South Atlantic this week to begin its mission of protecting the islands from the potential threat posed by Argentina, which still claims sovereignty of the islands. The vessel will be equipped with a Lynx Mark 8 helicopter and Sea Skua anti ship missiles for self-defence. The landing ship has a small number of Royal Navy sailors who are responsible for manning a helicopter flight deck as well as a boarding party made up of lightly-armed Royal Marines but Royal Navy sources have said that the ship would be able to do little more than protect itself in the event of an emergency. The size of the military force on the Falklands has been dramatically reduced since the end of the war in 1982. The islands are garrisoned by just 50 soldiers, composed of infantry, engineers and signallers. The RAF has four Tornado F3 air defence aircraft and crews to maintain them while the naval component consists of just one ship. The Royal Navy has some 22 frigates and destroyers in the fleet, however only a third are available for operations at any one time and the seven currently available for operational service are already taking part in deployments. One senior naval source said that successive cuts by the government had left the Royal Navy vulnerable and unable to properly defend its interests overseas. He said: "The Royal Navy has been pared to the bone. The fleet is now so small that the Royal Navy can't even send a proper warship to guard the Falklands. By the time the Royal Navy has met all of its operational obligations there is nothing left and that is why a civilian-crewed Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship has been sent to the Falklands. "In any shooting war with a serious enemy the Royal Navy would cease to exist within a few weeks. Rock bottom is an appropriate description of where the Royal Navy now is." A Ministry of Defence document leaked to The Telegraph last year revealed that the Royal Navy would struggle to fight a war against a "technologically capable adversary". The report also stated that the Royal Navy was an "under-resourced" fleet composed of "ageing and operationally defective ships". Admiral Sir Alan West, a former Chief of the Naval Staff, and who is a security minister in the Lords, has previously warned that the reduction in the fighting capability of the Royal navy could cost lives and gave warning that Britain would end up with a "tinpot" Navy if more money were not spent on defence. Liam Fox, the shadow Tory defence spokesman, said: "The Government needs to explain how this won’t impact on the security of the Falklands. What on earth are we doing putting EU flag waving ahead of our own security priorities? "It is outrageous that the British Government would ever diminish the protection of our strategic interests in order to pay homage to the politics of the EU." A spokesman for the MoD, said: "The government is fully committed to the defence of the Falkland Islands. There is a whole package of assets – air, sea and land assigned to the region, not simply one ship. The Royal Navy maintains the flexibility to redeploy its ships to where they will have maximum effect."
Carriers to enter service late The two new carriers would be the biggest in Royal Navy history Defence Secretary John Hutton has said that the Royal Navy's two new aircraft carriers are likely to enter service a year or two later than planned. In a statement to MPs, he added there would be no delay in construction - but work would continue at a slower pace, sustaining jobs for longer. The £4bn shipbuilding project is due to begin next spring. The announcement affects shipyards in Appledore, in north Devon, Portsmouth, Barrow-in-Furness, Glasgow and Rosyth. 'Workforce stability' Mr Hutton said: "We have concluded that there is scope for bringing more closely into line the introduction of the Joint Combat Aircraft and the aircraft carrier. This is likely to mean delaying the in-service date of the new carriers by one to two years. "We are in close consultation with the Aircraft Carrier Alliance on how this might best be done. Construction is already under way and will continue. "The programme will still provide stability for the core shipyard workforce, including 10,000 UK jobs." Des Browne gave the green light for the construction of HMS Queen Elizabeth and HMS Prince of Wales in May, when he was defence secretary. Contracts worth about £3.2bn were signed in July. 'Financial chaos' BBC defence correspondent Caroline Wyatt said the government did not view cancelling major defence projects as an option, but considered delays as a way of controlling the Ministry of Defence's (MoD) spiralling budget. Liberal Democrat MP Mike Hancock, a member of the Commons Defence Committee, said the MoD was in financial "chaos". Meanwhile, hundreds of jobs in Somerset are to be secured due to a new government order for 62 Future Lynx helicopters from Agusta Westland, BBC West has learned. An immediate contract will also be awarded to upgrade existing Lynx helicopters to prepare them for battlefield sites such as Afghanistan. The order, worth £1bn, has been delayed for more than two years.