Forças Armadas da União Europeia

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Forças Armadas da União Europeia
« em: Novembro 23, 2004, 11:20:22 pm »
General Affairs and External Relations Council
 
 
(Source: Dutch Presidency of the European Union; issued Nov. 22, 2004)
 
 
 This is the final communique issued by the European Union’s General Affairs and External Relations Council, chaired by Dutch Minister of Defence Henk Kamp, at the conclusion of its Nov. 22 meeting in Brussels:  
 
 
1. The European Union has entered a new stage in the process of strengthening military capabilities for crisis management, launching initiatives such as on the Headline Goal 2010, the EU Battlegroups, the civil-military cell and establishing the European Defence Agency (EDA). These initiatives contribute to the implementation of the European Security Strategy, enabling the European Union to deal better with threats and global challenges and realising a more effective Common Foreign and Security Policy.  
 
2. Today the EU-member states have committed themselves to implement the new Headline Goal 2010. Commitments have been made to the EU battlegroups – a key element of the Headline Goal 2010 – thus ensuring Initial Operational Capability in 2005 and 2006 an paving the way for Full Operational Capability in 2007.  
 
3. The Battlegroups are at the forefront of capability improvement, providing the Union with credible, rapidly deployable, coherent force packages capable of stand-alone operations, or for the initial phase of larger operations. A Battlegroup will be associated with force headquarters and operational and strategic enablers, such as strategic lift. Interoperability and military effectiveness will be key criteria.  
 
4. The following Member States have indicated to commit to EU Battlegroups, formed as follows:  
 
-- France  
-- Italy  
-- Spain  
-- United Kingdom  
-- France, Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg and Spain  
-- France and Belgium  
-- Germany, the Netherlands and Finland  
-- Germany, Czech Republic and Austria  
-- Italy, Hungary and Slovenia  
-- Italy, Spain, Greece and Portugal  
-- Poland, Germany, Slovakia, Latvia and Lithuania  
-- Sweden, Finland and including Norway as a third State  
-- United Kingdom and the Netherlands  
 
Niche capabilities: So far, the following Member States have offered niche capabilities in support of the EU Battlegroups:  
 
-- Cyprus (medical group)  
-- Lithuania (a water purification unit)  
-- Greece (the Athens Sealift Co-ordination Centre)  
-- France (structure of a multinational and deployable Force Headquarter)  
 
5. Member states are welcome to include the non EU European NATO countries, candidates for accesion and other potential partners in their Battlegroups.  
 
6. The EU Battlegroups Concept is complementary and mutually reinforcing with the NATO Response Force.  
 
7. The member states have commited themselves to address the remaining military shortfalls and to improve the capability development process, taking into account the role of the European Defence Agency and building on the ECAP evaluation.  
 
8. The member states also committed themselves to the use of the available assets, mechanisms and initiatives for strategic transport more effectively through the Global Approach on Deployability.  
 
9. Finally they have agreed to intensify the international military cooperation in order to improve European military capabilities.  
 
-ends-
 

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« Responder #1 em: Novembro 23, 2004, 11:39:34 pm »
All Set for Swedish-led EU Battle Group
 
 
(Source: Swedish Ministry of Defence; issued Nov. 22, 2004)
 
 
 At the Council of Defence Ministers in Brussels today, Sweden and Finland declared the intention, together with Norway, to establish an EU Battle group. Sweden will assume responsibility as Framework Nation.  
 
“The Nordic countries have a long-standing tradition of working together in crisis management operations,” says Minister for Defence Leni Björklund. “We are building on this established relationship, benefiting from existing consultation arrangements and our extensive military cooperation.”  
 
“In this context it is necessary to emphasize the importance of developing methods and procedures that can bring civilian and military processes closer together at all levels. By doing so I believe that the European Union will ensure coherent and effectively coordinated crisis management operations. In this work we should also draw on the experiences of the UN in this field.”  
 
Ministers of Defence declared at the Military Capability Commitment Conference their intention to commit up to thirteen Battle groups encompassing both the period of initial operational capability, 2005-06, and full operational capability from 2007 and onwards.  
 
A decision on Swedish contributions will be taken by the Parliament in its Defence Resolution in December this year. The intention is to offer the Swedish Framework Nation-led Battle Group for a stand-by period during the first six months of 2008.

- ends -
 

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« Responder #2 em: Novembro 23, 2004, 11:40:35 pm »
Defense Ministers of the European Union Decide Battle Groups
 
 
(Source: German Ministry of Defence; issued Nov. 22, 2004)
 
 
 (Issued in German; unofficial translation by defense-aerospace.com)
 
 BERLIN --- In future, member states of the European Union are to be able to react militarily faster and more flexibly to international crises.  
 
On Monday, November 22, the Union’s defense ministers agreed in Brussels on the creation of 13 so-called Battle Groups. These operational groups will have each about 1.500 soldiers, who are to be available within a response time of 15 days for, among other things, deployments on United Nations missions.  
 
Germany will take part actively in the implementation of this new concept. Already in the transitional phase 2005 and 2006 Germany will make available the Federal Armed Force resources for the Battle Groups. Starting from 2007, the concept will have progressed far enough to allow co-operation with European partners.  
 
Germany will take part in four Battle Groups:  
 
-- Together with the Netherlands, with the participation of Finland;  
 
-- In the context of the French-German brigade, as core of a further common Battle group. Belgium, Luxembourg and Spain are also to take part.  
 
-- Under Polish leadership, together with Latvian, Lithuanian and Slovakian participation.  
-- Together with Austria and the Czech Republic.  
 
-ends-
 

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« Responder #3 em: Dezembro 03, 2004, 03:40:29 pm »
Citação:

NATO Exits Bosnia
Christian Science Monitor (EAGLE BASE AND SARAJEVO, BOSNIA DEC. 03)

For the past nine years, Eagle Base, a sprawling military complex outside the industrial town of Tuzla in northeastern Bosnia, teemed with NATO soldiers. Now Eagle Base is undergoing a changing of the guard. After contributing some 100,000 troops to keep the peace in Bosnia over the past nine years, the U.S. led NATO force has called it a day, handing over the job to 7,000 European Union (EU) troops Thursday. NATO and the UN say the security situation now is far better than when NATO arrived to enforce the Dayton peace treaty after the 1992 to 1995 war that left some 200,000 people dead and uprooted half the country's population.
 

 

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