3400T anti-submarine warfare corvette
Um dos principais símbolos da derrota argentina na guerra das Malvinas está prestes a desaparecer.Segundo o site noticioso do grupo britânico Jane’s, o comando da Marinha Indiana decidiu antecipar a retirada de serviço do porta-aviões ligeiro “INS Viraat” (“Gigante”, em sânscrito), ex-“Hermes”, de 24.000 toneladas, que, no período de abril a junho de 1982, liderou a força-tarefa da Grã-Bretanha incumbida de retomar o arquipélago malvinense (que os ingleses chamam de Falkland Islands).O “Hermes” foi transferido para a Armada indiana em 1987, depois que a Armada Chilena informou ao governo de Londres que, apesar de seu interesse em possuir um navio-aeródromo, considerava a operação dessa unidade excessivamente dispendiosa – especialmente devido ao fato de que precisaria adquirir pelos menos uma dúzia de aeronaves de decolagem vertical Harrier, para compor seu destacamento aéreo.Na Índia, a expectativa era de que o “Viraat” pudesse continuar na ativa pelo menos até 2017, ou 2020. Mas agora o cronograma prevê que ele seja desincorporado no ano que vem, logo depois da Parada Naval de Visakhapatnam (importante cidade portuária da costa leste da Índia), prevista para o mês de fevereiro.A medida relativa ao “Viraat” é conseqüência de um relatório interno da Marinha indiana que apontou a operação completamente antieconômica do navio – evidência que vem se agravando desde 2010.Na verdade, além desse aspecto econômico, há um segundo motivo para a aposentadoria do porta-aviões: o desgaste da sua pequena frota aérea, formada por dez caças Sea Harrier – nem todos plenamente operacionais. Em caso de emergência, o “Viraat” pode transportar até 26 aeronaves.Com a desativação de seu navio-aeródromo ligeiro, a Esquadra indiana ficará, pelo espaço de dois anos, com apenas um porta-aviões, o “INS Vikramadytia” (ex-“Almirante Gorshkov”, russo), de pouco mais de 45.000 toneladas – navio-capitânea da frota indiana desde 2013. Essa situação só deve se modificar em 2018, época em que os almirantes locais esperam receber seu primeiro porta-aviões de construção nacional: o “Vikrant” (“Corajoso”, em sânscrito), de 40.000 toneladas.
Employees and journalists gather around the Indian Navy's first indigenously-built Scorpene attack submarine, "Kalvari", at Mazgaon dock in Mumbai, India, Monday, April 6, 2015. (AP photo/Rafiq Maqbool).
Kolkata-based shipbuilder Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers (GRSE) launched three fast attack craft (FAC) for the Indian Navy at its Rajabagan shipyard on 30 June.The vessels - Tarmugli (T 91), Tillanchang (T 92), and Tihayu (T 93) - are the first three vessels to be built under a four-ship order from March 2013. The ships have been dubbed 'follow on waterjet fast attack craft' (FOWJFAC) by the Indian Navy.Production of the vessels started on 16 July 2013 for the first pair and 24 January 2014 for the subsequent pair. IHS Jane's understands that GRSE is planning to deliver the first pair by December, the third vessel in February 2016 and the fourth - to be named Tarasa - by March 2016.The vessels, which feature a length of 48 m, a beam of 7.5 m, and a displacement of 315 tonnes, are an improved variant of the Car Nicobar-class patrol boats, according to the Indian Navy. Improvements include an enhanced electrical power generation capacity of 280 kW and twice the reverse osmosis (RO) capacity at 4 tonnes per day.The propulsion system consists of three Hamilton waterjets driven by three MTU 4000 series engines through ZF gearboxes. MTU's MCS-5 machinery control system is also installed. Top speed is approximately 35 kt, while range is about 2,000 n miles at 12-14 kt.Armament consists of a 30 mm CRN-91 gun mount and associated stabilised optronic pedestal for fire control, machine guns, and man-portable Igla surface-to-air missiles. Electronics equipment includes navigation radar, a LINK II tactical datalink and satellite communication (SATCOM) antenna for connectivity to the Indian Navy's 'Rukmani' SATCOM network.The FOWJFACs will be used for maritime security operations in India's exclusive economic zones.
The Indian Navy (IN) has invited responses by 22 July from overseas contractors to assist in designing a 65,000-tonne aircraft carrier, industry sources said.The IN sent a letter of request (LoR) to BAE Systems, DCNS, Lockheed Martin, and Rosoboronexport on 15 July. It requires them to provide technical and costing proposals for the Indigenous Aircraft Carrier-2 (IAC-2) within a week.On 17 July a BAE Systems spokesperson in New Delhi confirmed receipt of the LoR two days earlier.IN sources said the LoR follows the 13 May allocation to the IN of INR300 million (USD4.83 million) by the ministry of defence (MoD) to begin concept work on IAC-2, likely to be named Vishal (Grand).
Key PointsWork has started on the Indian Navy's final Mk IV LCUThe LCUs will augment the Indian Navy's amphibious capabilityIndia's state-owned shipyard, Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE), has laid down the final landing craft utility (LCU) Mk IV vessel on order for the Indian Navy, the company confirmed to IHS Jane's on 4 September.A keel-laying ceremony for the 62 m vessel was held on 31 August at the company's Kolkata shipyard. "This last ship in the contract will be delivered to the Indian Navy by 2016 and all work is currently on schedule for all ships," a GRSE public relations officer told IHS Jane's .GRSE signed an INR21 billion (USD317 million) contract with the Indian Navy in September 2011 to supply eight amphibious landing craft to transport vehicles and personnel for the Indian Army. The LCU has lift capacity for up to 216 personnel, including 160 fully equipped soldiers and 56 crew.The first-of-class was launched in March 2014."The ship can be deployed for maritime roles such as maritime security, beaching and unbeaching operations, humanitarian relief operations and evacuation from distant islands, [and] search-and-rescue operations, besides peacekeeping missions," said a statement from the Indian Ministry of Defence marking the launch of the fourth LCU in March.According to IHS Jane's Fighting Ships , the 830-tonne platform carries two 30 mm CRN-91 guns and is fitted with a Bharat Electronics-built EON-51 electro-optic director. The vessel is powered by two MTU 1,840 kW marine diesel engines with a twin fixed-pitch propeller propulsion system and has a maximum speed of 15 kt and a range of 1,500 n miles.
The Indian Navy (IN) commissioned INS Kochi , the second of three locally designed 7,500-tonne Project 15A stealth missile destroyers, in Mumbai on 30 September.Built by Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) for INR40 billion (USD615 million), Kochi is the second Kolkata-class destroyer, the first of which joined IN service in August 2014 following a four-year delay." Kochi is as good as any foreign warship," Indian Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar said at a commissioning ceremony at Mumbai's Naval Dockyard.Chennai , the third Project 15A destroyer, is scheduled for commissioning by the end of 2016.Project 15A follows on from Project 15, under which three 6,700-tonne Delhi-class destroyers were built by MDL and commissioned between 1997 and 2001." Kochi will add more teeth to the navy, helping it discharge its duty in safeguarding our interests in the Indian Ocean Region," said IN chief of staff Admiral R K Dhowan. "It further reaffirms our resolve and faith in indigenous shipbuilding and the 'Make in India' programme."Officials from the Directorate of Naval Design (DNB) said about 70% of the 163 m-long Kochi had been sourced locally. While it is fitted with locally developed combat management, automatic power management, and auxiliary control systems, the vessel's imported systems include four Ukrainian Zorya-Mashproekt DT-59 gas turbines, propellers, shafting, radars, sensors, and weaponry.The destroyer is being commissioned without its Barak Next-Generation (NG) or Barak 8 long-range surface-to-air missiles (LR-SAM), which have been under joint development since 2006 by India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI)-Rafael.The 70 km-range Barak 8 was scheduled for induction by 2012 but is likely to be test-fired from INS Kolkata later in 2015 before going into series production. IN officials claim that, following land-based trials in Israel in November 2014, the LR-SAM's strike range has been extended by 20 km to about 90 km.
ndian Navy’s aircraft carrier, INS Viraat, the oldest aircraft carrier in service in the world, might become an aircraft carrier museum.The last British-built ship in the Indian Navy is planned to be decommissioned after it participates in the International Fleet Review 2016, which will take place in February in Visakhapatnam, India.The Indian Government said it received a letter from the Indian coastal district Dakshin Kannada for setting up an Aircraft Carrier Museum on INS Viraat, at Mangaluru.Some other coastal states have also shown their interest. Accordingly, all the coastal State Governments including State Government of Karnataka have been requested to convey their commitment in view of large financial support required for this project.The Centaur class Aircraft Carrier, INS Viraat was the flagship of the Indian Navy, before the INS Vikramaditya was commissioned in 2013. INS Viraat was completed and commissioned in 1959 as the Royal Navy’s HMS Hermes and was transferred to India in 1987.