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Forças Armadas e Sistemas de Armas => Armadas/Sistemas de Armas => Tópico iniciado por: Marauder em Agosto 02, 2006, 10:31:05 am

Título: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Marauder em Agosto 02, 2006, 10:31:05 am
China cuidadosa com as novas classes de Destroyers (ou contra-torpedeiros em português)
  http://www.strategypage.com/htmw/htsurf ... 60706.aspx (http://www.strategypage.com/htmw/htsurf/articles/20060706.aspx)
Título: Marinha chinesa
Enviado por: JLRC em Março 15, 2007, 11:28:44 pm
Uma análise sobre a Marinha chinesa, "Chinese Navy 2007" publicado pelo US Navy Office of Naval Intelligence, extenso mas muito bom.

http://www.militarytimes.com/static/pro ... lanavy.pdf (http://www.militarytimes.com/static/projects/pages/20070313dnplanavy.pdf)
Título:
Enviado por: SSK em Maio 17, 2007, 02:12:11 pm
Para além dessa análise, que está muito interessante, reparem nesta notícia:

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Cingapura acolhe manobras navais contra terrorismo e pirataria
17/05 - 02:43 - EFE

 

ImprimirEnviar por e-mailComentarCorrigirMinha notíciaFale ConoscoManila, 17 mai (EFE).- Mais de 3 mil marinheiros e pilotos, 18 naves de guerra e vários navios de patrulha e helicópteros de 19 países realizarão exercícios navais conjuntos contra o terrorismo e a pirataria perto do litoral de Cingapura.

O objetivo das manobras, que começarão no sábado, é coordenar os esforços para lutar de forma mais eficaz contra as ameaças do terrorismo e da pirataria numa das rotas marítimas mais perigosas do mundo, informa hoje o jornal "The Straits Times".

Estados Unidos, China, Austrália, França e Indonésia estão entre os participantes. Marinheiros da Índia, Bangladesh e Peru também estarão presentes como observadores.

Os exercícios coincidem com a edição 2007 da feira de indústrias de defesa Imdex Asia. Fabricantes de armas exporão seus produtos a representantes das Forças Armadas de todo o mundo.

A China, presente nas manobras com 78 submarinos, sete deles nucleares, deve adquirir pelo menos outros 30 convencionais e cinco atômicos, formando assim a frota mais poderosa da região.
Segundo o jornal, na reunião serão assinados contratos de defesa no valor de US$ 55 bilhões.

O local das manobras é a Península de Malaca, por onde transita quase um terço do comércio mundial. Ela liga o Oceano Índico ao Pacífico.

O braço de mar sofre a cada ano ataques de piratas, e é considerado também um alvo potencial de ataques terroristas da Jemaah Islamiya, ligada à rede Al Qaeda. EFE csm mf


CUIDADO :Esmagar:
Título:
Enviado por: SSK em Maio 21, 2007, 12:13:18 am
Sabiam que no início do ano passado passou um destroyer chinês acabado de fazer na Rússia nas nossas águas e o submarino estava para o ver passar e por não ter um simples aparelho de visão nocturna que se adaptasse ao Periscópio não o viu passar :sil:
Título:
Enviado por: luis filipe silva em Maio 21, 2007, 12:40:56 am
citação:
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A China, presente nas manobras com 78 submarinos, sete deles nucleares, deve adquirir pelo menos outros 30 convencionais e cinco atômicos, formando assim a frota mais poderosa da região.

Qualquer coisa aqui não bate certo. Isso é toda a frota submarina chinesa, incluindo os que estão em reparações.
Título:
Enviado por: SSK em Maio 21, 2007, 12:42:38 am
Jornalistas :wink:
Título:
Enviado por: SSK em Maio 24, 2007, 06:41:13 pm
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‘Two patrols’ by China’s subs
China’s submarine fleet of 82 submarines is reported to have conducted only two patrols
last year.
The claim was made by the American Federation of Scientists using US Navy declassified
information. The Type 092 ballistic missile submarine Xia is reported never to have made a
patrol.
The federation claims that since 1981, the first year for which data is available, the Chinese
submarine force (whose strength has dropped from 120 hulls) has averaged less than two
patrols a year and in four years including 2005 not made any patrols. The greatest activity
was in 2000 when there were six patrols and the federation implies these were in response
to US submarine operations.
The scientists conclude that Chinese submarine crews appear to have relatively little
operational experience making it difficult to operate their boats safely and competently. It
suggests that the tactical skills may be limited and that the submarine force remains
essentially for coastal defence.
Título:
Enviado por: SSK em Maio 26, 2007, 12:40:26 pm
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ARMAMENTISMO
Arsenal chinês preocupa Estados Unidos
Uma das preocupações em Washington é com mísseis balísticos intercontinentais chineses, tendo raio de ação capaz de atingir os EUA. Cinco novos submarinos poderão transportar mísseis de longo alcance. O armamentismo inclui arma capaz de atacar os satélites em órbita baixa


 
26/05/2007 03:58


O Departamento de Defesa norte-americano (Pentágono) está preocupado com o poder militar crescente da China, principalmente com seus mísseis balísticos intercontinentais (ICBM) e com a falta de transparência das autoridades em Pequim sobre suas despesas militares. A estratégia militar dos chineses "sai das dimensões terrestres, aéreas e marítimas para entrar no campo de batalha moderno e no ciberespaço".

É o que revela um relatório anual entregue ontem ao Congresso, em Washington. O Pentágono está particularmente preocupado com o desenvolvimento chinês de novos ICBMs DF-31A capazes de atingir os Estados Unidos e com métodos "para bloquear os sistemas de defesa antimísseis". Os norte-americanos estão, justamente, desenvolvendo um escudo antímísseis.

O dossiê também mencionou a construção pelos chineses de cinco novos submarinos da classe Jin, equipados para transportar mísseis de longo alcance de nova geração. Os militares norte- americanos também citaram o teste de uma arma anti-satélite em janeiro, que "mostra a capacidade da China de atacar satélites que giram sob órbita baixa em volta da Terra".

Em fevereiro, no Congresso, o secretário de Defesa, Robert Gates, havia expressado sua preocupação. De acordo com o Pentágono, "a expansão das capacidades militares das Forças Armadas chinesas é um fator crucial na modificação dos equilíbrios no Leste da Ásia e o aumento das capacidades estratégicas da China tem repercussões muito além da região Ásia-Pacífico".

Como no ano passado, o relatório conclui que se Taiwan parece ser o objetivo a curto prazo das despesas militares da China, estas representam uma ameaça potencial para os EUA a longo prazo. (das agências de notícias)



http://oglobo.globo.com/mundo/mat/2007/05/25/295909916.asp
Título:
Enviado por: MERLIN em Maio 28, 2007, 09:24:31 am
E uma boa maneira para a US Navy pedir um aumento de investimento!
cumptos
Título:
Enviado por: SSK em Maio 31, 2007, 08:19:44 pm
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Nuclear carrier for China?
China’s Navy is likely to be the major beneficiary of a 17.8% increase
in the defence budget although it is unclear whether this will be translated
into improved effectiveness.
The Chinese are currently
building two Luzhou (Type 051C)
class destroyers, four Jiangkai
(Type 054) class frigates, a Type
071 amphibious assault ship as
well as submarines and smaller
surface combatants. Beijing is also
interested in aircraft carriers and
press reports talk of plans for a
93,000 ton, nuclear-powered ship
supposedly called Type 085 and a
conventionally-powered 48,000
ton Type 089.
Considerable scepticism has
been expressed about these reports
which spoke of the ‘Type 085’
being completed by 2020.
However, it is known that China
is seeking to develop air
independent propulsion
submarines using Stirling engine
technology and reports that one has
been installed in a Yuan (Type 041)
class submarine.
Yet the capability of the Chinese
Navy remains in doubt with most
of the submarine force confined to
short training patrols within
coastal waters (Naval Spyglass Vol
3 No 8). The Xia (Type 092) class
ballistic missile submarine appears
never to have made a seagoing
patrol in the 20 years it has been
in service.
Título:
Enviado por: SSK em Julho 09, 2007, 06:04:48 pm
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Google Earth captura imagem de novo submarino nuclear de guerra da China

De acordo com pesquisadores da Federação Americana de Cientistas, a ferramenta do Google conseguiu imagem rara.

Por COMPUTERWORLD
09 de julho de 2007 - 10h01


O Google Earth está oferecendo uma rara imagem do novo submarino nuclear de guerra chinês. De acordo com a Federação Americana de Cientistas, a fotografia foi tirada pelo satélite comercial Quickbird no final de 2006. Mais informações no blog de assuntos de segurança da entidade.

Hans Kristensen, autor do post, afirma que o submarino é de classe Jin vessel, um dos cinco que a China espera construir. Ao comparar a imagem do Google Earth com fotografias de outros submarinos chineses, Kristensen comentou algumas das novas capacidades.

”O Jin-class tem aproximadamente 10 metros de comprimento a mais do que os [submarinos] Xia-class, principalmente por uma extensão na seção do meio de aproximadamente 35 metros que hospeda os tubos de lançamento de mísseis  parte do compartimento do reator”, escreveu Kristensen. No entanto, a imagem não revela se os submarinos classe Jin possuem tubos para 12 ou 16 mísseis nucleares.
Título:
Enviado por: SSK em Julho 09, 2007, 06:12:18 pm
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New Chinese Ballistic Missile Submarine Spotted
By Hans M. Kristensen

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.fas.org%2Fblog%2Fssp%2Fimages%2Fssbn.jpg&hash=525339132eb1f6307746959e74292711)
A new satellite image appears to have captured China's new ballistic missile submarine. Coordinates: 38°49'4.40"N, 121°29'39.82"E.


A commercial satellite image appears to have captured China's new nuclear ballistic missile submarine. The new class, known as the Jin-class or Type 094, is expected to replace the unsuccessful Xia-class (Type 092) of a single boat built in the early 1980s.

The new submarine was photographed by the commercial Quickbird satellite in late 2006 and the image is freely available on the Google Earth web site.

A Comparison of SSBN Dimensions

Two satellite images are now available (see figure below) that clearly show two missile submarines with different dimensions. One image from 2005 shows what is believed to be the Xia-class (Type 092) SSBN in drydock at the Jianggezhuang Submarine Base approximately 14 miles east of Qingdao. The submarine is approximately 390 feet (120 meters) long of which the missile compartment makes up roughly 80 feet (25 meters). Twelve missile launch tubes are clearly visible.

The second image from late 2006 shows what appears to be the new Jin-class (Type 094) SSBN moored at the Xiaopingdao Submarine Base south of Dalian, approximately 193 miles north of Qingdao. The Jin-class appears to be approximately 35 feet (10 meters) longer than the Xia-class SSBN, primarily due to an extended mid-section of approximately 115 feet (35 meters) that houses the missile launch tubes and part of the reactor compartment.


Xia- and Jin-Class SSBN Comparison
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.fas.org%2Fblog%2Fssp%2Fimages%2Fssbncompare.jpg&hash=11fce4f663ad2c75b5d998ba33c84439)
These two commercial satellite images of the old Xia-class SSBN (top) and the new Jin-class SSBN show the different major compartments. The Jin-class appears to be approximately 35 feet (10 meters) longer with an extended missile compartment. Both images view the submarines from a "eye-altitude" of approximately 500 feet (152 meters).


The extended missile compartment of the Jin-class seems seems intended to accommodate the Julang-2 sea-launched ballistic missile, which is larger than the Julang-1 deployed on the Xia-class. Part of the extension may also be related to the size of the reactor compartment. The U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence estimated in 2004 that the Jin-class, like the Xia-class, will have 12 missiles launch tubes (see figure below). Other non-governmental sources frequently claim the submarine will have 16 tubes. The satellite image is not of high enough resolution to show the hatches to the missile launch tubes

Estimated Jin-Class SSBN Layout
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.fas.org%2Fblog%2Fssp%2Fimages%2Fssbnoni.jpg&hash=82dc76a8c6ef93c6b1ba284e0e3e25fc)
The U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence estimated in 2004 (bottom) that the Jin-class SSBN would have 12 missiles



The U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence estimated in December 2006 that China might build five Jin-class SSBNs. The estimate has been widely cited by non-governmental institutes and some news media as a fact, but the Pentagon's annual report on China's military forces from May 2007 did not repeat the estimate.



http://www.nukestrat.com/china/chinareport.htm
http://www.fas.org/blog/ssp/2007/05/pentagon_publishes_annual_chin_1.php
Título: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: JLRC em Dezembro 27, 2007, 12:12:32 am
Extenso mas muito interessante:

http://digital.library.unt.edu/govdocs/ ... crs-9909:1 (http://digital.library.unt.edu/govdocs/crs/permalink/meta-crs-9909:1)
Título:
Enviado por: P44 em Janeiro 14, 2008, 03:29:00 pm
the former Soviet aircraft carrier Varyag was commissioned into the Chinese Navy as Shilang, hull No. 83. The name was selected because Shilang was the last Chinese Navy admiral to invade Taiwan.

http://www.newsmax.com/smith/china_mili ... 61823.html (http://www.newsmax.com/smith/china_military/2008/01/04/61823.html)
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Enviado por: Charlie Jaguar em Abril 21, 2009, 11:57:26 pm
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Parada para assinalar 60 anos da Marinha
China vai mostrar submarinos nucleares pela primeira vez

21.04.2009 - 22h17

 :arrow: http://ultimahora.publico.clix.pt/notic ... idCanal=11 (http://ultimahora.publico.clix.pt/noticia.aspx?id=1375764&idCanal=11)
Título:
Enviado por: 2dmaio em Maio 03, 2009, 09:54:45 pm
Olá,


A marinha chinesa desequilibra o poder no sudeste asiatico.


(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fimg17.imageshack.us%2Fimg17%2F9351%2Fchinaa.jpg&hash=caaa0706273bcadee0e712864853ee6d)


(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fimg24.imageshack.us%2Fimg24%2F8642%2Fchinad.jpg&hash=8777810fcfc78379d2b9f8d05f908074)


(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fimg17.imageshack.us%2Fimg17%2F923%2Fchinabl.jpg&hash=830bf0209f259332bdf90d44cfef595e)


(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fimg17.imageshack.us%2Fimg17%2F3081%2Fchinag.jpg&hash=2cb65723787a510c11dabf29b1ab7fc0)


Saudações
Título:
Enviado por: P44 em Junho 03, 2009, 03:25:46 pm
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China ready to build aircraft carrier

Hong Kong, China — Shipbuilding experts from Eastern Europe have confirmed that China will start to build its own aircraft carrier this year, as preparations for the project are complete.

The experts had visited the No. 3 military dock of the Changxing Island Shipyard – the new location of the Jiangnan Shipyard, known as the cradle of China’s defense industry – based in Shanghai, where they acquired exclusive photos of the interior of the shipyard. From these it can be deduced that China is ready to commence building the aircraft carrier at this dock.

Chinese armed police have dramatically strengthened their watch on Dock No. 3. All the entrances to and exits from this dock are under armed police guard, with plainclothes police on patrol. In contrast, the entrances to Dock No. 1, where civilian ships are built, are guarded only by shipyard security staff.

Dock No. 3 is 580 meters long, 120 meters wide, and completely encircled by a wall at least 2.5 meters high. A giant gantry crane has been built, with a capacity to lift at least 600 tons. The dock is large enough to build a medium-sized conventional aircraft carrier similar to the Russian Admiral Kuznetsov class with a light load displacement of about 50,000 tons.

The outfitting quay for No. 3 Dock has been finished and includes a large gantry crane. According to the Eastern European sailors who visited the shipyard, the quay is 8 kilometers long, and was finished in the autumn of 2008.

A number of large containers have been shipped to the area near the dock. Among senior shipbuilding experts from Germany, France and Italy who examined the shipyard photos, one suggested the containers might be loaded with oxygen supplies and power-generating equipment, as huge amounts of oxygen and power would be required for welding engineering.

An Eastern European source familiar with the aircraft carrier project said China had invested 35 billion yuan (US$5.1 billion) in the facilities at Changxing Island, including three gigantic joint-structured indoor assembly workshops in which the separate sections of the carrier would be built.

The expert from the French shipbuilding industry said these facilities could be used for processing steel plates and section materials, or the preliminary treatment or assembly of separate sections of the carrier.

Sources say that the shipyard and all its facilities were built at a very fast pace. A separate road network was finished around January 2007, to provide safety and security for the project. Despite attempts at secrecy, many residents of the nearby Changxing township knew that the shipyard was being readied to make China’s first aircraft carrier.

The facilities include numerous five-story buildings – accommodations for nearly 60,000 peasant laborers hired to build the aircraft carrier facilities – that have been in use since early this year. A correspondent for Kanwa Defense Review visited the area to interview peasant workers recruited for this project. The workers said they were paid from 3,000 to 4,000 yuan (US$440 to $585) per month, which is three or four times what an ordinary laborer in Shanghai can earn, and that their living conditions were very good.

The round-shaped headquarters building was to be finished this spring. Free-standing residential buildings in red and grey have been constructed for the shipbuilding experts. Satellite photos show that these houses are quite luxurious.

Judging from the size of the three gigantic joint-structured indoor assembly workshops affiliated to Dock No.3, it is fully possible that the separate modules of the ship will be built in these workshops and finally assembled at the dock.

Sources claim that China intends to build, equip and launch its first aircraft carrier – internally named “Beijing” – between 2009 and 2015. It is possible that the process could take longer, however.

The first steps will include the processing and cutting of steel plates and section materials as well as the assembly of sectional parts. When the keel is laid down it will be difficult to keep it secret, as the keel of the aircraft carrier must be towed to the dock in one piece.

June 3 is a date worth watching, as that day will be the Jiangnan Shipyard’s 144th anniversary. It is part of Chinese culture to mark anniversaries in a special way to bring good fortune. Therefore, China may take the opportunity to officially launch the aircraft carrier project on this date.


http://www.militarium.eu/article.aspx?ID=2333 (http://www.militarium.eu/article.aspx?ID=2333)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: SSK em Novembro 28, 2009, 11:16:58 am
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Novo SSBN chinês é mais ruidoso que seus similares russos da década de 70
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.naval.com.br%2Fblog%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2009%2F11%2Ftype-094-Jin.jpg&hash=30a3965391c2117151db59f05892f1dc)

A nova classe “Jin” (Type 094) de submarinos nucleares de mísseis balísticos (SSBN) é mais ruidosa que os submarinos russos das classes Delta III e Victor III da década de 1970, ou seja, um nível de ruído de submarinos de 30 anos atrás. A informação é do Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI), Serviço de Inteligência da Marinha dos EUA.

O gráfico abaixo mostra onde se encaixaria a classe “Jin” no espectro de nível de ruído das principais classes de submarinos chineses e russos. A parte verde da seta indica os mais fáceis de detectar e a vermelha indica os mais silenciosos e difíceis de ouvir.

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.naval.com.br%2Fblog%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2009%2F11%2Fchinasubsound.jpg&hash=6d577c5e393c65d78bb1a270145494fc)

É interessante observar como a Inteligência Naval americana obteve esses dados sobre a classe “Jin”. Provavelmente com o emprego dos navios SURTASS (um deles, envolvido num incidente próximo às águas territoriais chinesas) ou submarinos nucleares de ataque que seguiram de perto o primeiro Type 094 em suas provas de mar.

O elevado nível de ruído da classe “Jin” de SSBN coloca em xeque a capacidade nuclear de retaliação da China, pois esses submarinos poderão ser detectados e afundados antes que possam lançar seus mísseis balísticos.

Por outro lado a China tem avançado bastante na discrição dos seus submarinos nucleares de ataque (ver no gráfico a nova classe Type 095 próxima da “Akula” russa) e especialmente, nos seus submarinos convencionais (SSK). Ver gráfico abaixo:

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.naval.com.br%2Fblog%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2009%2F11%2FSSK-noise-levels.jpg&hash=7bfe68abfcb7a9371a7cbc1ceaf82e10)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: teXou em Setembro 20, 2010, 07:35:54 pm
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fimg148.imageshack.us%2Fimg148%2F6375%2F039bsep15.jpg&hash=f25246b3026dfb45d69218029280ec00)
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Mystery Chinese SSK fuels Asia's submarine race

The China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation has launched an unidentified new-type conventional submarine (SSK) at its Wuhan shipyard, according to Chinese reports.

It is the third new SSK design revealed by China since 1994 and is likely to exacerbate regional anxieties that are propelling many Asian states to increase or establish submarine fleets.

Vague or altered internet images of this new SSK, which first appeared on the popular Chinese CALF web page on 10 September, led observers to think that it may be yet another Chinese internet hoax, but the submarine's existence was confirmed by much clearer images on 13 September.

While not much larger than the 3,000- to 4,000-ton Type 041 Yuan class, the new boat appears to incorporate Russian design influences, including a stouter hull with a reduced aft taper similar to the Project 667 Lada/Amur class, plus an elongated sail and hull-mounted retractable hydroplanes similar to the Project 636 Kilo class. However, in contrast to the sail of the Kilo, the new Chinese SSK incorporates hydrodynamic elements such as an intricately-faired leading edge with concave and convex curves
http://www.janes.com/news/defence/jni/j ... _1_n.shtml (http://www.janes.com/news/defence/jni/jni100920_1_n.shtml)
http://www.informationdissemination.net ... inese.html (http://www.informationdissemination.net/2010/09/some-recent-developments-in-chinese.html)
Título: Re:
Enviado por: GI Jorge em Setembro 21, 2010, 07:03:54 pm
Citação de: "2dmaio"
Olá,


A marinha chinesa desequilibra o poder no sudeste asiatico.


(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fimg17.imageshack.us%2Fimg17%2F9351%2Fchinaa.jpg&hash=caaa0706273bcadee0e712864853ee6d)


Nãao quero parecer estupido, mas aquilo são janelas?
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: luis filipe silva em Setembro 21, 2010, 08:07:24 pm
GI Jorge escreveu:
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Nãao quero parecer estupido, mas aquilo são janelas?
São sim senhor.
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: GI Jorge em Setembro 21, 2010, 09:48:50 pm
Citação de: "luis filipe silva"
São sim senhor.

Já agora, porque razão é que o Tridente não tem nenhuma? ou são apenas usadas em SSBN's?
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Lightning em Setembro 22, 2010, 12:43:06 am
Citação de: "GI Jorge"
Citação de: "luis filipe silva"
São sim senhor.

Já agora, porque razão é que o Tridente não tem nenhuma? ou são apenas usadas em SSBN's?

É para os chineses verem de baixo de água para onde vão :toto:.
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: luis filipe silva em Setembro 22, 2010, 12:45:13 am
É um pormenor herdado dos submarinos soviéticos dos anos 60 e 70 (Golf, Tango, Foxtrot, Yankee e delta), dos quais deriva o desenho da vela.
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: GI Jorge em Setembro 22, 2010, 05:30:09 pm
Citação de: "luis filipe silva"
É um pormenor herdado dos submarinos soviéticos dos anos 60 e 70 (Golf, Tango, Foxtrot, Yankee e delta), dos quais deriva o desenho da vela.

Ok, obrigado
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Crypter em Setembro 22, 2010, 07:53:46 pm
E qual a vantagem desse pormenor?
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Cabeça de Martelo em Setembro 24, 2010, 05:53:15 pm
Uma questão aos colegas que sabem um pouco mais do que eu acerca desta área (o que não é dificil), a mim parece-me que a Marinha Chinesa está a ficar relativamente bem equipada a nivel da frota de superficie, mas que a sua frota de submarinos ou é com modelos velhos ou com modelos velhos modernizados/recalchutados.
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: luis filipe silva em Setembro 24, 2010, 07:32:50 pm
Crypter escreveu:
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E qual a vantagem desse pormenor?
Provávelmente serve para resguardar o pessoal da vela ao navegar à superfície com mar alteroso ou gelo.
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Camuflage em Novembro 11, 2010, 11:21:15 pm
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The uninvited guest: Chinese sub pops up in middle of U.S. Navy exercise, leaving military chiefs red-faced
By MATTHEW HICKLEY

Last updated at 00:13 10 November 2007

    * Comments (6)
    * Add to My Stories

When the U.S. Navy deploys a battle fleet on exercises, it takes the security of its aircraft carriers very seriously indeed.

At least a dozen warships provide a physical guard while the technical wizardry of the world's only military superpower offers an invisible shield to detect and deter any intruders.

That is the theory. Or, rather, was the theory.


Uninvited guest: A Chinese Song Class submarine, like the one that sufaced by the U.S.S. Kitty Hawk

American military chiefs have been left dumbstruck by an undetected Chinese submarine popping up at the heart of a recent Pacific exercise and close to the vast U.S.S. Kitty Hawk - a 1,000ft supercarrier with 4,500 personnel on board.

By the time it surfaced the 160ft Song Class diesel-electric attack submarine is understood to have sailed within viable range for launching torpedoes or missiles at the carrier.

According to senior Nato officials the incident caused consternation in the U.S. Navy.

The Americans had no idea China's fast-growing submarine fleet had reached such a level of sophistication, or that it posed such a threat.

One Nato figure said the effect was "as big a shock as the Russians launching Sputnik" - a reference to the Soviet Union's first orbiting satellite in 1957 which marked the start of the space age.

The incident, which took place in the ocean between southern Japan and Taiwan, is a major embarrassment for the Pentagon.


The lone Chinese vessel slipped past at least a dozen other American warships which were supposed to protect the carrier from hostile aircraft or submarines.

And the rest of the costly defensive screen, which usually includes at least two U.S. submarines, was also apparently unable to detect it.

According to the Nato source, the encounter has forced a serious re-think of American and Nato naval strategy as commanders reconsider the level of threat from potentially hostile Chinese submarines.

It also led to tense diplomatic exchanges, with shaken American diplomats demanding to know why the submarine was "shadowing" the U.S. fleet while Beijing pleaded ignorance and dismissed the affair as coincidence.

Analysts believe Beijing was sending a message to America and the West demonstrating its rapidly-growing military capability to threaten foreign powers which try to interfere in its "backyard".

The People's Liberation Army Navy's submarine fleet includes at least two nuclear-missile launching vessels.

Its 13 Song Class submarines are extremely quiet and difficult to detect when running on electric motors.

Commodore Stephen Saunders, editor of Jane's Fighting Ships, and a former Royal Navy anti-submarine specialist, said the U.S. had paid relatively little attention to this form of warfare since the end of the Cold War.

He said: "It was certainly a wake-up call for the Americans.

"It would tie in with what we see the Chinese trying to do, which appears to be to deter the Americans from interfering or operating in their backyard, particularly in relation to Taiwan."

In January China carried a successful missile test, shooting down a satellite in orbit for the first time.


Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article ... z151F1InXe (http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-492804/The-uninvited-guest-Chinese-sub-pops-middle-U-S-Navy-exercise-leaving-military-chiefs-red-faced.html#ixzz151F1InXe)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: teXou em Novembro 22, 2010, 06:43:19 pm
Citar
First Chinese aircraft carrier nears completion

CHINA'S first aircraft carrier, built on the hull of an abandoned Soviet warship, is nearing completion, according to Western analysts.

The arrival of China as a member of the carrier club would be the most potent symbol of the country's burgeoning military power, even if its first model is based on a rehashed version of a warship that was never finished by its original owners. The Soviet Union collapsed before work could be completed.

The Varyag is expected to make its maiden voyage next year or 2012. "Photos regularly reveal an increasing tempo of work on the Varyag," Richard Fisher, an authority on the Chinese military at the International Assessment and Strategy Centre in Alexandria, Virginia, said yesterday.

"The island (control tower) is being much modified and a new Chinese radar system has been installed. We know little about its engine but it appears work has been proceeding on that as well."

The 300m warship was bought from Ukraine, which had acquired ownership when the Soviet Union was dismantled, and in 1998 it put the ship up for auction. China bought it for $US20 million and it was expected that the vessel would be turned into a casino.

For decades, China had disavowed any ambition to build aircraft carriers, but in more recent years, as the nation's economy has been transformed and Beijing has adopted a more muscular approach on the world stage, military officials have acknowledged the possession of a carrier fleet is crucial for the country's status.

It is likely the Varyag will be used as a training platform. It is believed China is planning to have multiple carriers by 2020.

Beijing is also ramping up production of unmanned aerial vehicles in an apparent bid to catch up with the leaders US and Israel in developing technology that is considered the future of military aviation.

http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/world/first-chinese-aircraft-carrier-nears-completion/story-e6frg6so-1225956776506
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Fevereiro 20, 2011, 01:04:55 am
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.naval.com.br%2Fblog%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2011%2F02%2FPLA-Navy-580x722.jpg&hash=2db042d75910ed3285866189ff64b87e)

http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2011/02/18 ... -da-china/ (http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2011/02/18/a-marinha-do-exercito-de-libertacao-popular-da-china/)

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http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2011/02/18/escoltas-chinesas/
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Maio 30, 2011, 06:09:17 pm
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http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2011/05/29/concepcao-de-navio-aerodromo-ctol-chines/
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: papatango em Junho 03, 2011, 02:24:48 pm
Nesta última imagem os entusiastas começaram a escorregar na mayonese, ou então no molho de soja ... :mrgreen:

O porta-aviões na imagem é da nova classe de porta-aviões norte-americanos. A industria chinesa não produz catapultas e não pode copiar dos russos que também não conseguiram produzir catapultas capazes.
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Edu em Junho 03, 2011, 02:42:01 pm
O que é que torna as catapultas tão difíceis de construir ao ponto de só os americanos as desenvolverem e mesmo as utilizadas pelos franceses sejam de design americano (penso eu)?
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Lightning em Junho 11, 2011, 05:59:44 pm
Citação de: "Edu"
O que é que torna as catapultas tão difíceis de construir ao ponto de só os americanos as desenvolverem e mesmo as utilizadas pelos franceses sejam de design americano (penso eu)?

Quem inventou esse sistema de catapultas até foram os Britânicos.
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: luis filipe silva em Junho 11, 2011, 10:17:17 pm
caro Papatango
Na mayonaise, na mostarda ou no ketchup, os desenhos referem-se a navios chineses, e não ao futuro porta-aviões americano. Claro que a nave Galáctica também ainda não foi construída, e eu vi-a na TV. :mrgreen:
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: BC304 em Junho 16, 2011, 12:49:27 pm
Citação de: "luis filipe silva"
caro Papatango
Na mayonaise, na mostarda ou no ketchup, os desenhos referem-se a navios chineses, e não ao futuro porta-aviões americano. Claro que a nave Galáctica também ainda não foi construída, e eu vi-a na TV. :mrgreen:


Qual quê, a Galactica foi construída há 150 000 anos, eheh
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Agosto 10, 2011, 02:08:55 pm
China lança primeiro porta-aviões em viagem inaugural


A China lançou o seu primeiro porta-aviões para uma viagem inaugural esta quarta-feira, numa medida que deve impulsionar o orgulho patriótico no país mas gerar nervosismo no exterior sobre as ambições navais de Pequim. A aguardada estreia do navio, um ex-porta-aviões soviético reformado, marcou um passo adiante no plano de longo prazo da China de montar uma força naval que possa projectar poder na região asiática, onde os mares são ocupados por faixas de embarcações comerciais e complicadas disputas territoriais.

«A sua importância simbólica supera a sua importância prática», disse Ni Lexiong, um especialista em política marítima chinesa da Universidade de Ciências Políticas e Direito da Universidade de Xangai.

«Já somos uma potência marítima, e portanto precisamos da força adequada, seja em porta-aviões ou navios de guerra, assim como os Estados Unidos ou o Império britânico», disse.

O porta-aviões «deixou o estaleiro no porto de Dalian, na província de Liaoning, na manhã desta quarta-feira para começar a sua primeira tentativa no mar», disse a agência de notícias Xinhua, descrevendo a viagem como experimental para um navio ainda inacabado.

Lusa
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Agosto 14, 2011, 03:12:06 pm
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fi.imgur.com%2FZxb7S.jpg&hash=3c8b8bac476060485fbbfe6bb012f52e)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Agosto 16, 2011, 02:52:45 pm
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fi279.photobucket.com%2Falbums%2Fkk144%2FHSMW%2FNavios%2F9781d07a.jpg&hash=33e7e1407b19b75386b505eca2d69922)

 :arrow: http://www.jeffhead.com/redseadragon/va ... nsform.htm (http://www.jeffhead.com/redseadragon/varyagtransform.htm)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: miguelbud em Novembro 29, 2011, 01:22:33 pm
Isto é exequível?

http://www.strategypage.com/military_ph ... 15748.aspx (http://www.strategypage.com/military_photos/20110721215748.aspx)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: nelson38899 em Novembro 29, 2011, 01:48:43 pm
Citação de: "miguelbud"
Isto é exequível?

http://www.strategypage.com/military_ph ... 15748.aspx (http://www.strategypage.com/military_photos/20110721215748.aspx)

haja dinheiro, para tal!
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Cabeça de Martelo em Novembro 29, 2011, 02:38:38 pm
Citação de: "miguelbud"
Isto é exequível?

http://www.strategypage.com/military_ph ... 15748.aspx (http://www.strategypage.com/military_photos/20110721215748.aspx)

Sabes qual é o problema, é que qualquer um faz isto no PC e depois diz que é o futuro projecto chinês. Então eles passavam de recalchutar um PA soviético para isto? DÚVIDO!

Provavelmente o próximo PA chinês será uma melhoria do PA que eles acabaram de recalchutar.
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: GI Jorge em Novembro 29, 2011, 06:22:13 pm
Citação de: "Cabeça de Martelo"
Citação de: "miguelbud"
Isto é exequível?

http://www.strategypage.com/military_ph ... 15748.aspx (http://www.strategypage.com/military_photos/20110721215748.aspx)

Sabes qual é o problema, é que qualquer um faz isto no PC e depois diz que é o futuro projecto chinês. Então eles passavam de recalchutar um PA soviético para isto? DÚVIDO!

Provavelmente o próximo PA chinês será uma melhoria do PA que eles acabaram de recalchutar.

E até que ponto é que aquele tipo de porta-aviões seria eficiente?
Não me parece lá muito...
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: miguelbud em Novembro 29, 2011, 07:11:02 pm
Citação de: "Cabeça de Martelo"
Sabes qual é o problema, é que qualquer um faz isto no PC e depois diz que é o futuro projecto chinês. Então eles passavam de recalchutar um PA soviético para isto? DÚVIDO!

Provavelmente o próximo PA chinês será uma melhoria do PA que eles acabaram de recalchutar.
Concordo, no entanto como os chineses sao dados a megalomanias e eu até ja vi o desenho de um PA chines que era submersível, este nao me chocou muito.

Citação de: "GI Jorge"
E até que ponto é que aquele tipo de porta-aviões seria eficiente?
Não me parece lá muito...
Esta seria a minha grande dúvida, pois num mar encapelado aquilo deve ser como andar de montanha russa e nao estou a ver avioes levantar voo nessas condiçoes, e muito menos aterrar.

Mas temos de admitir que o bicho é muito bonito   :D
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Novembro 29, 2011, 07:13:47 pm
Por acaso já conhecia essa ideia mas nem me dei ao trabalho de o colocar aqui por tão ridículo que é...
Mas de photoshop percebem os chineses.


(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2F3.bp.blogspot.com%2F_QqlF6nBGeVc%2FS5iH_QynV2I%2FAAAAAAAAFN0%2Fj1M8MXC9zv0%2Fs640%2F7.jpg&hash=86c3a03d28a120bb8738272337d193ae)
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(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2F0.tqn.com%2Fd%2Furbanlegends%2F1%2F0%2FR%2F6%2F1%2Fchina-aircraft-carrier-3.jpg&hash=c7d3ea00d3ac1a075743ee2d9bc74e11)
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2F1.bp.blogspot.com%2F_QqlF6nBGeVc%2FSi0q4BTVWaI%2FAAAAAAAAB9M%2Fy5QPVSr7rD4%2Fs1600%2F6.jpg&hash=bc49131951914accd2a1a4184c038533)
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2F4.bp.blogspot.com%2F_QqlF6nBGeVc%2FSi0q4RO7UkI%2FAAAAAAAAB9U%2FGOUvRb-V1LU%2Fs1600%2F7.jpg&hash=a2586b5d9d357b6225828f4ab8073df2)
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Este ultimo então...  :roll:

Mas tem uma coisa interessante...
Será que algum deles flutuaria?
Os peritos em construção naval que se prenunciem.
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Get_It em Novembro 29, 2011, 07:59:55 pm
Isso são ideias de fanboys chineses, pelo menos um desses está confirmado que é. Quanto a porta-aviões submarinos se pesquisarem encontram estudo dos anos 50 e 60 de empresas norte-americanas e institutos soviéticos que estudaram realmente a possibilidade de lançar aeronaves (VSTOL na maioria dos estudos) a partir de submarinos.

Cumprimentos,
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Dezembro 03, 2011, 01:29:31 am
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fi.imgur.com%2FqiUt6.jpg&hash=d360a0101a3f30f96692599a12ac3b4b)
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Citar
Future 054C class frigate CGI
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Cabeça de Martelo em Março 31, 2012, 11:37:01 am
Citar
Mais detalhes sobre o LHD Chinês Type 81

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.planobrasil.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2012%2F03%2FLHD-China-defense-1024x682.jpg&hash=68cf6253d55578d9b0abc43c6ba0df6d)

Informação e sugestão: Red Dragon para o Plano Brasil

Texto e adaptação: E.M.Pinto

Durante a recente Expo Defense security em Bangkok  2012 a China Shipbuilding Corporation (CSC) mostrou um modelo em escala do que seria o seu futuro porta Helicópteros, LHD 81.

Os rumores do surgimento do  LHD  Type 81 vem fluindo ao longo dos anos e a CSC trabalha atualmente na construção de grandes navios Ro-Ro.  Com um deslocamento de 20.000 toneladas, este LHD pode acomodar mais de mil fuzileiros navais, além de fornecer suprimentos para os Type 71 em operações anfíbias.

O Interesse chinês num navio com estas características demonstram claramente as intenções chinesas de projeção de poder. Não há informações sobre quando e quantos navios a Marinha do Exército Popular da China pretende adquirir.

fonte: http://www.planobrasil.com/ (http://www.planobrasil.com/)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Cabeça de Martelo em Maio 26, 2012, 02:27:56 pm
Citar
Primeira corveta ‘stealth’ chinesa Type 056 é lançada ao mar

A China lançou ao mar sua primeira corveta (fragata leve) Type 056. O navio deve deslocar cerca de 1.700t carregada e cumprirá missões de patrulha nas áreas marítimas de interesse da China.

Segundo fontes, deverão ser construídas 50 unidades da classe até 2017.

Características da corveta Type 056:

    Comprimento: 89 metros
    Deslocamento leve: 1.300 t
    Velocidade máxima: 25 nós
    Tripulação: 60
    Alcance: 2.000 milhas a 18 nós

Armamento:

    2 x 2 mísseis antinavio YJ802
    1×8 SAM
    1x canhão de 76mm
    2 x canhões de 30mm

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.naval.com.br%2Fblog%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2012%2F05%2FType-056-corvette-580x870.jpg&hash=a5dddab91dbfadba8475c5913bda2907)
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http://www.naval.com.br/blog/#axzz1voZKo0jF (http://www.naval.com.br/blog/#axzz1voZKo0jF)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Setembro 25, 2012, 03:52:18 pm
Primeiro porta-aviões chinês entrou hoje ao serviço


O primeiro porta-aviões da marinha chinesa, um navio da antiga frota soviética, batizado com o nome de "Liaoning", após anos de testes e reparações, entrou hoje formalmente ao serviço, concretizando "uma importante decisão estratégica" da China.

"É um marco na história do Exército Popular de Libertação (nome oficial das Forças Armadas chinesas)" e "terá um grande e duradouro significado na promoção do patriotismo e das tecnologias de defesa", disse o primeiro-ministro chinês, Wen Jiabao, numa cerimónia realizada no porto de Dalian, nordeste da China.

A China era o único dos cinco membros permanentes do Conselho de Segurança da ONU que não tinha um porta-aviões, realçou a agência noticiosa oficial chinesa.

"A decisão da China de desenvolver um porta-aviões foi uma importante opção estratégica do Partido Comunista, do Governo e da Comissão Militar Central", afirmou também Wen Jiabao.

A cerimónia foi presidida por Hu Jintao, secretário-geral do PCC, chefe de Estado e líder da Comissão Militar Central, a direção política das Forças Armadas chinesas.

O "Liaoning", com cerca de 300 metros de comprimento, chamava-se "Varyag" e foi comprado à Ucrânia, a ex-república soviética que ficou com o porta-aviões após o colapso da URSS.

Lusa
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Novembro 25, 2012, 09:50:25 pm
Sucesso na primeira aterragem no novo porta-aviões



A China realizou, hoje, com sucesso a primeira aterragem de caça militar no seu novo porta-aviões, em serviço desde setembro.

A super potência chinesa realizou este domingo a primeira aterragem do caça J-15 no porta-aviões Liaoning, que entrou em operação a 25 de setembro, de acordo com a AFP. O Liaoning é o primeiro porta-aviões do país. O exercício marcou ainda a estreia do caça-bombardeiro, uma versão chinesa do caça russo, Sukhoi Su-33.

O vice-diretor do Instituto Militar de Pesquisa dos Assuntos Marítimos, Zhang Junshe, declarou que "uma aterragem bem sucedida é um símbolo da capacidade operacional de combate dum porta-aviões", mostrando o sucesso do exercício e adicionou ainda que esta era uma "etapa importante para o porta-aviões chinês". O país afirmou também que o Liaoning tem sido submetido a vários testes e irá aumentar a capacidade de defesa dos interesses chineses.

Os líderes chineses têm gasto milhões na modernização das suas forças armadas de forma a projetar o seu poder militar além fronteiras da China, segundo a BBC. O país tem passado ainda por um período de fortes tensões territoriais no mar da China.

DN
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Novembro 26, 2012, 10:00:53 am
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fnews.xinhuanet.com%2Fmil%2F2012-11%2F25%2F123998037_151n.JPG&hash=03a660808c42996f83993152f1c4de69)

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Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Cabecinhas em Dezembro 03, 2012, 03:44:28 pm
Citar
A China está a desenvolver uma nova classe de Contra-torpedeiros lança-mísseis. Estes navios estarão equipados com dois lançadores verticais de 32 unidades de mísseis anti-aéreos HQ-9B, além de outros mísseis anti-navio e anti-submarino, como o DF-41 com um alcance máximo de 14 mil Kms.

O novo tipo de navio pretende ser equivalente em capacidade e caraterísticas aos conhecidos cruzadores “Aegis” da US Navy e terá mais de 160 metros de comprimento recebendo a designação “Tipo 052C”. Os contra-torpedeiros Tipo 052C terão um radar Tipo 346 Active Phased Array e um radar Tipo 518 de longo alcance.

Um navio deste tipo, construido em grandes números representara uma importante adição à capacidade chinesa de projeção de poder a grandes distancias e juntamente com a frota de porta-aviões que Pequim está também a planear para as próximas décadas tornarão a China numa potencia naval capaz de rivalizar com qualquer das grandes potencias navais da atualidade.

Fonte:
http://www.defencetalk.com/china-developing-new-class-of-guided-missile-destroyer-44394/

FONTE: http://movv.org/2012/12/03/a-china-esta-a-desenvolver-uma-nova-classe-de-contra-torpedeiros-lanca-misseis/
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Dezembro 03, 2012, 06:52:57 pm
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fi.imgur.com%2FNKiPi.jpg&hash=0d5f550ca1a0f729fc41798db89e2d65)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Janeiro 02, 2013, 05:04:40 pm
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.militaryphotos.net%2Fforums%2Fattachment.php%3Fattachmentid%3D192867%26amp%3Bd%3D1357141750&hash=4a2e162dabb9fd5a5c7c2502f69cc729)
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Novos radares nas Type 052 ( :arrow: http://www.militaryphotos.net/forums/sh ... 89/page353 (http://www.militaryphotos.net/forums/showthread.php?152513-Chinese-Military-Photos%EF%BC%88new-thread%EF%BC%89/page353)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Fevereiro 28, 2013, 09:31:13 am
Reports: China carrier permanent base is Qingdao
Reports say China's first aircraft carrier on way to permanent base at Qingdao in north
Associated Press – 17 hrs ago

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BEIJING (AP) -- China's first aircraft carrier has docked at its new permanent base in the northern port of Qingdao, where it will be responsible for operations in waters surrounding Japan and the Korean Peninsula, media reports said Wednesday.

Speculation has swirled over where the ship, christened the Liaoning, would call home. It officially entered service on Sept. 25 amid a series of maritime disputes between China and its neighbors, particularly Japan, with which it is engaged in a tense standoff over disputed islands in the East China Sea.

Qingdao is home to China's Northern Fleet, which is responsible for operations in the Yellow Sea, the Sea of Japan, parts of the East China Sea and the Bohai Gulf, about 150 kilometers (93 miles) from Beijing. Qingdao offers the country's longest breakwater to guard against catastrophic storms, and remains ice-free year-round.

The official Xinhua News Agency and Global Times newspaper reported that the carrier left its temporary base in the northeastern port of Dalian on Tuesday for the first sea trials of the year following a three-month refitting. Xinhua said weapons systems were tested during the voyage to Qingdao, but gave no details.

The Liaoning is a refurbished Soviet-era carrier purchased from Ukraine that China has described as an experimental model. China is believed to have plans to use its experience with the Liaoning to build four or more carriers of its own, one or more of which will be based at the southern island province of Sanya, which faces the South China Sea. China's claim to ownership of the entire South China Sea and its island groups is contested by Vietnam, the Philippines, Brunei and Malaysia.

While the Liaoning doesn't yet have an aircraft complement or battle group, the carrier program has been the most eye-catching element of China's comprehensive naval buildup, which also includes ballistic missile submarines, modern destroyers and a new generation of stealth missile frigates, the first of which was launched Monday at Shanghai's naval shipyard.

The navy conducted landings on the Liaoning in November using J-15 carrier fighters based on Russia's Su-33.

http://news.yahoo.com/reports-china-car ... 05141.html (http://news.yahoo.com/reports-china-carrier-permanent-qingdao-154405141.html)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Lightning em Maio 01, 2013, 10:05:01 pm
MARINHA DA REPÚBLICA POPULAR DA CHINA EM PORTUGAL

Lisboa recebeu no passado mês de Abril uma visita pouco frequente, duas fragatas lança-mísseis e um navio reabastecedor das Forças Armadas da República Popular da China (RPC). Mário Diniz foi a bordo e mostra-nos o que viu!

http://www.operacional.pt/marinha-da-re ... -portugal/ (http://www.operacional.pt/marinha-da-republica-popular-da-china-em-portugal/)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Junho 10, 2013, 06:25:44 pm
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Cabeça de Martelo em Junho 25, 2013, 12:01:19 pm
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Novembro 24, 2013, 03:26:37 pm
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Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: psaa em Janeiro 08, 2014, 10:07:35 pm
China está construindo porta-aviões nuclear

Segundo site chinês, o navio-aeródromo deslocaria 80.000 toneladas e seria capaz de operar 60 aeronaves


Após o movimento de Washington para aumentar sua presença militar na Ásia, a China declarou que está construindo um grande porta-aviões de propulsão nuclear para competir com o mais poderoso da frota naval dos EUA.

O site chinês qianzhan.com, citando fontes do Exército de Libertação Popular (PLA em inglês), disse que o primeiro porta-aviões produzido na China deverá ser lançado ao mar em 2020.

“Futuramente, a China será capaz de enfrentar os caças embarcados mais avançados dos EUA em alto mar”, informa o artigo em língua chinesa.

O anúncio ocorre em meio ao aumento das tensões na região, agravadas pela recente decisão de Washington de aumentar seu poderio militar na região do Mar da China Oriental.

Em setembro, o primeiro navio de combate litorâneo (LCS) da Marinha os EUA, o USS Freedom , chegou à Singapura para iniciar sua comissão de oito meses pelo Sudeste Asiático.

Enquanto isso, o Japão divulgou esta semana um aumento considerável nos gastos de defesa ao longo dos próximos cinco anos. Sob o plano aprovado na terça-feira, o Japão vai comprar novos equipamentos militares, incluindo seus primeiros drones de vigilância, caças furtivos F-35 e sistemas de combate Aegis, um movimento que desencadeou uma resposta afiada da China.

China “se opõe resolutamente” ao plano de defesa do Japão, disse o porta-voz do Ministério da Defesa da China, Geng Yansheng, em um comunicado publicado no site do ministério.

O Japão está fazendo um esforço para garantir a segurança e a prosperidade da comunidade internacional, mas, ao mesmo tempo em que se apega a uma mentalidade da Guerra Fria, reforçando sua aliança militar com países relevantes, disse ele.

Até o momento, as tensões na região têm sido limitadas a inofensivas demonstrações de força, mas acidentes quase ocorreram.

Em 5 de dezembro, o USS Cowpens, um cruzador classe Ticonderoga, quase colidiu com um navio que escoltava o porta-aviões chinês Liaoning, um navio da era soviética comprado da Ucrânia e modernizado no próprio país.

Embora diplomatas de Pequim e Washington tenham tentado minimizar o incidente, um analista disse ao Christian Science Monitor que o evento trazia um aviso dos chineses.

“Os chineses estão tentando deixar claro que, se os EUA querem operar nestas águas, então devem estar preparados  para operarem sob um alto estado de tensão”, disse Dean Cheng, pesquisador sênior para assuntos políticos e de segurança chinesas da Fundação Heritage. “Se os EUA não querem tensão, então é muito simples: que saiam.”

O primeiro porta-aviões construído na China será uma versão maior de Liaoning. O projeto é declaradamente baseado em  um projeto da era soviética: um navio de 80.000 toneladas, de propulsão nuclear e capaz de operar 60 aeronaves.

A China tem demonstrado alguns avanços tecnológicos.

Em janeiro de 2011, a China realizou um voo de teste de um novo avião de caça furtivo, o J- 20, no mesmo dia em que o ex-secretário de Defesa dos EUA Robert M. Gates estava em Pequim para conversações.

A China também tem demonstrado notável capacidade técnica além de atividades puramente militares. Só neste mês, a China se tornou o terceiro país do mundo, atrás apenas dos Estados Unidos e da União Soviética, a colocar uma nave não tripulada na Lua.



FONTE: RT.com (tradução e adaptação do Poder Naval a partir do original em inglês)



Estes Chineses andam com uma velocidade impressionante...  :shock:
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Janeiro 17, 2014, 10:54:57 pm
Citação de: "psaa"
China está construindo porta-aviões nuclear

Segundo site chinês, o navio-aeródromo deslocaria 80.000 toneladas e seria capaz de operar 60 aeronaves

Estes Chineses andam com uma velocidade impressionante...  :mrgreen:
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.fas.org%2Fprograms%2Fssp%2Fnukes%2F_images%2Fxia07.jpg&hash=a18a0680dc3a2d24b44f0fc16f066c37)
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.wantchinatimes.com%2Fnewsphoto%2F2013-11-02%2F450%2FCA27N0023H_2013%25E8%25B3%2587%25E6%2596%2599%25E7%2585%25A7%25E7%2589%2587_N71_copy1.JPG&hash=44dafb13641c2454d7116940589a3f05)
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Agora é verdade que os Chineses estão a construir qualquer coisa grande. Resta saber se será de facto nuclear ou convencional  :wink:
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Cumprimentos
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Cabeça de Martelo em Março 11, 2014, 06:00:02 pm
Citação de: "Cross"
Fuzileiros Navais Chineses

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Muito... coloridos! :lol:
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Abril 26, 2014, 10:09:15 pm
Excelente vídeo do porta-aviões chinês.
 :G-beer2:
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Julho 11, 2014, 07:23:20 pm
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fi.imgur.com%2F5kxO2Hj.jpg%3F1&hash=91142ce180cdf557261d66ef1697967f)

Type032 No.201 Testbed Sub
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Agosto 05, 2014, 03:00:38 pm
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Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Novembro 10, 2014, 03:38:44 pm
http://news.usni.org/2014/11/10/chinese-carrier-fighter-now-serial-production
Citar
China has put the Shenyang J-15 Flying Shark carrier-borne multirole fighter into serial production, with at least eight production examples known to be flying already. This is in addition to the six J-15 prototypes, some of which conducted carrier trials on board China’s refurbished former Soviet Kuznetsov-class carrier, Liaoning.
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Saudações
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Cabeça de Martelo em Dezembro 06, 2014, 12:59:07 pm
A transformação do navio-aeródromo russo ‘Varyag’ no chinês ‘Liaoning’

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.naval.com.br%2Fblog%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2014%2F12%2FVaryag-sendo-rebocado-no-estreito-de-B%25C3%25B3sforo-960x643.jpg&hash=2480db5a9b5349c46eee787feb526144)

 :arrow: http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2014/12/05 ... -liaoning/ (http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2014/12/05/a-transformacao-do-navio-aerodromo-russo-varyag-no-chines-liaoning/)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Janeiro 12, 2015, 12:41:28 pm
http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2015/01/07/china-construiu-24-corvetas-type-056-e-incorporou-18-em-tres-anos/
Citar
A China continua num ritmo de construção naval alucinante: a Marinha do Exército de Libertação Popular da China (PLA Navy) construiu desde 2012, 24 corvetas Type 056 e incorporou 18 navios. O projeto do navio também atrai a atenção de outras Marinhas e foi exportado para Bangladesh.

Os navios deslocam 1.500 toneladas carregados, têm um comprimento de 90m e boca de 11m. Podem atingir uma velocidade máxima de 25 nós e um alcance de 6.482 km (3.500 milhas náuticas) a 16 nós.

São equipados com um lançador de mísseis antiaéreos de oito células FL-3000N de curto alcance, quatro lançadores de mísseis superfície-superfície C-802, um canhão de 76 mm AK-176 como arma principal, e dois canhões de 30mm.
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Saudações
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: olisipo em Abril 04, 2015, 04:41:05 pm
China to commission three new nuclear submarines  

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China would soon commission three indigenously-built nuclear-powered attack submarines having a vertical launcher capable of delivering its latest missiles. China Central Television (CCTV) showed a satellite picture earlier this week of three submarines anchored at an unidentified port, and reported vessels were China's most advanced Type-093G nuclear-powered attack submarines, just completed by a Chinese shipyard and awaiting delivery.

With a teardrop hull the  submarine is longer than its predecessor, the Type-093, with a vertical launcher capable of delivering the Chinese latest YJ-18 supersonic anti-ship missile.

The strategic force of the PLA Navy now has about four nuclear-powered Type-094 ballistic missile submarines, up to six Type-093 nuclear-powered attack submarines and about three old Type-091.

China established its nuclear-powered submarine force in the early 1970s but had never shown it to the outside world until 2009, when two nuclear submarines took part in a parade marking the 60th anniversary of the PLA's Navy.
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: Cabeça de Martelo em Abril 09, 2015, 06:46:50 pm
AVIC expected to deliver 60 AG600 amphibious aircraft in 15 years

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VIC expected to deliver 60 AG600 amphibious aircraft in 15 years. The AVIC TA-600, also known as AG-600, is a large amphibious flying boat that is being designed and built in China by the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC).

The AVIC TA-600 is set to become the largest amphibious aircraft in the world when it begins delivery in 2016.

The forward fuselage section is 9.5m long and includes the cockpit and nose landing gear bay, says AVIC in a statement. It incorporates 5,200 separate parts.

The statement adds that the type received two firm orders at last year’s Airshow China in Zhuhai, but it does not specify the customer. A source has said that the first customer is likely to be the nation’s coast guard.

At the show, an AVIC representative told Flightglobal that the company does not expect to produce the AG600, previously labelled the TA-600, in large numbers. He also said the first flight would take place at the end of 2015, but it appears the company has backed away from this plan.

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 :o  :o
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: olisipo em Abril 17, 2015, 05:07:34 pm
US upgrades assesment of China's Type 094 nuclear ballistic missile submarines' fleet

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Admiral Samuel Locklear, Commander of US Pacific Command (PACOM), has increased the estimate of how many nuclear ballistic missile submarines China is planning to operate. In a 15 April testimony before the House Armed Services Committee, the head of PACOM said China has three 094 (Jin-class) submarines in service already and may have eight in service by the end of the decade.

Adm. Locklear said that the Jin-class submarine carries the JL-2 submarine launched ballistic missile (SLBM), with a range capable the reaching the US and will give China its first credible sea-based nuclear deterrent. He added that nuclear deterrence patrols will likely commence this year.

These comments mark an increase over previous US intelligence community estimates. In 2007 the US Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) estimated that up to five Type 094 SSBNs could be built, while the 2008 annual Pentagon report to US Congress on China's military stated that up to five Type 094s could be built by 2010.

Meanwhile, an ONI report issued on 9 April stated that China has four Type 094s in service.
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Abril 17, 2015, 07:34:58 pm
GREAT poster by US ONI illustrates 148 classes of China's PLAN & MLE ships
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CCuvGE-XIAE9J8Y.jpg:large)

Download  :arrow: http://t.co/0hxGzDwkSM (http://t.co/0hxGzDwkSM)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: olisipo em Maio 04, 2015, 09:12:07 pm

According to the Chinese site Want Daily China hopes to sell the 054-A-type guided-missile stealth frigate to Russia .  To achieve it the  PLA Navy may use the Joint Sea 2015 naval exercises to be held later this month in the Mediterranean as an opportunity to showcase these ships in the hope Russia will purchase them.

http://www.wantchinatimes.com/news-subc ... inCatlD=11 (http://www.wantchinatimes.com/news-subclass-cnt.aspx?id=20150503000007&cid=1101&MainCatlD=11)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: olisipo em Maio 08, 2015, 03:45:16 pm
Chinese warships arrive to the Black Sea before historic joint exercises with Russian Navy

(https://turkishnavy.files.wordpress.com/2015/05/547_1.jpg)

Type 054a guided-missile Chinese frigate Lingyi

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.zerohedge.com%2Fsites%2Fdefault%2Ffiles%2Fimages%2Fuser5%2Fimageroot%2F2015%2F05%2F550.jpg&hash=1a2e27fe89c45e151675a5543c10af1e)

Frigate Weifang

http://sputniknews.com/world/20150507/1021815892.html (http://sputniknews.com/world/20150507/1021815892.html)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: olisipo em Maio 15, 2015, 01:09:47 pm
China negotiating naval base in Djibouti

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.janes.com%2Fimages%2Fassets%2F447%2F51447%2F1634526_-_main.jpg&hash=6d4d4c29f569985d0e37d304447cf26c)

Two JMSDF Takanams-class destroyers docking in Djibouti close to a PLAN Jiangkai-class frigate

* No foreign navy has an exclusive area in Djibouti's busy port

Djibouti's president Ismail Omar Ghelleh has said his  country is currently in negotiations with China to allow the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) to establish a naval base in the strategically positioned Afrivan country.

Ghelleh hinted that a permanent PLAN presence in Djibouti could be similar to that of the  Japanese Maritime Self Defence Force.The JMSDF has a base at the northwest end of the runway which serves the international airport as well as the Djiboutian, French and U.S. militaries. The Japanese base operates P-3 maritime airport aircraft that support counter-piracy operations in the region.

Under an agreement signed in February 2014, Djibouti allowed China to use its military facilities in exchange for support developing its military capabilities.
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: olisipo em Maio 26, 2015, 09:04:51 pm
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Maio 30, 2015, 09:32:20 am
http://defence-blog.com/?p=5580
Citar
A newbuilt ship of an entirely new type for the PLA Ground Forces is currently running sea trials in the Sea of Bohai. It was launched at the Army’s Songliao Shipard at Dalian in August 2013.

Officially described as an Army Ro/Ro Transport, it is really a Landing Ship Medium (LSM), equipped with the with the typical kedging anchor of landing ships, even though the bulbous bow would preclude the ship from beaching.

The ship is equipped with both bow and stern ramps and a short helicopter platform aft. The armament consists of four twin 14.5 mm guns, two forward and two aft. Twin funnels indicate twin-screw propulsion; in addition, it has a bow thruster for improved maneuvrability.The lifting capacity is probably a mechanised infantry company.
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Cumprimentos
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: olisipo em Maio 30, 2015, 01:13:10 pm

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/afp/ar ... ation.html (http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/afp/article-3103346/US-demands-immediate-halt-South-China-Sea-reclamation.html)

The US Defense secretary,  Ashton Carter, has called in a high-ranking meeting in Singapore for an immediate end to China's reclamation works in the South China Sea and vowed to continue sending military aircraft and ships to the tense region.

 Previously, Washington accused Beijing of deploying mobile artillery in these artificial islands.
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Junho 07, 2015, 10:52:52 am
http://www.janes.com/article/51984/china-building-mobile-landing-platform-new-ro-ro-pla-support-ship
Citar
The appearance online in late May of photographs of a semi-submersible ship, painted in a naval grey colour scheme, nearing completion at the Wenchong shipyard in Guangzhou has prompted speculation that China's People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) is about to acquire a mobile landing platform (MLP).

The ship is around 180 m in length, with a beam of around 33 m and an estimated displacement of 5,000 tonnes. As such, it is much smaller than the US Military Sealift Command's Montford Point class of MLPs, which are 240 m long with a beam of 50 m.
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Saudações
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Junho 26, 2015, 11:57:31 am
http://www.janes.com/article/52572/china-builds-mystery-midget-submarine
Citar
China has apparently built a previously unseen midget submarine at its Wuchang shipyard in Wuhan.

DigitalGlobe satellite imagery dated 24 October 2014 showing the submarine was posted on Google Earth and was highlighted by a contributor to the Bellingcat open source intelligence website.

The imagery shows the craft berthed at the pontoon used for fitting out submarines. The midget submarine had left the pontoon by late November and by mid-January 2015, another submarine, probably a Type 041 Yuan-class boat, occupied the berth.

Based on the imagery the midget submarine has an approximate length of 35 m and beam of 4 m, suggesting a surface displacement in the region of 400-500 tonnes.

The Wuchang shipyard is at the forefront of conventional submarine production in China and has constructed most of the Type 039 Song-class and Type 041 Yuan-class boats, including the most recent variant, with its distinctive hydrodynamic fairings between the casing and the fin. It also built the world's largest conventional submarine, the Type 032 Qing-class ballistic missile trials submarine.
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.janes.com%2Fimages%2Fassets%2F572%2F52572%2F1639979_-_main.jpg&hash=fbf926807f3a2dc15b370c2fe51d9022)

Cumprimentos
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Julho 20, 2015, 12:49:39 pm
http://defence-blog.com/?p=6771
Citar
First Photos of Chinese Navy fighter J-11BSH.
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Cumprimentos
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Julho 23, 2015, 11:32:21 am
http://www.janes.com/article/53139/china-commissions-second-type-052d-ddg-pushes-ahead-with-frigate-corvette-launches
Citar
People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) watchers report that the second of the Type 052D 'Luyang III' class destroyers, Yangsha (pennant number 173), was commissioned in mid-July and joined China's South Sea Fleet.

Yangsha is likely to operate from the PLAN base at Yalong Bay on Hainan Island. Although launched only four months after first-of-class Kunming (172), it was commissioned 16 months later, suggesting an extensive programme of trials.

The major change in the weapon systems between the Type 052D and the preceding Type 052C is the installation of a universal vertical launch weapon system capable of firing anti-air, anti-surface, anti-submarine, and land attack missiles. The Type 346 phased array radar has also been modified, so an intensive series of trials would be unsurprising.

Earlier in July, the seventh Type 052D emerged from the building shed at the Jiangnan Changxingdao shipyard in Shanghai and after launch joined the sixth of class currently fitting out. Photographs showing visible progress on the eighth and ninth hulls have also appeared.
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Saudações
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Agosto 08, 2015, 04:29:39 pm
Dramatic PLAN Recruitment Video Showing Almost All Equipment Currently Deployed
 
The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN or Chinese Navy) just released its official 2015 recruitment video. The video, which is quite nicely edited, shows a large part of the vessels, planes and equipment currently deployed in China's PLAN inventory.

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.navyrecognition.com%2Fimages%2Fstories%2Fnews%2F2015%2Faugust%2F2015_PLAN_Chinese_Navy_Recruitment_Video.jpg&hash=715483253470053fe17f97007cc67efc)
An image capture from the video showing a Shenyang J-15 Flying Shark flying past PLAN's aircraft carrier Liaoning
          
Worth noting in the video:
- Some of the contentious South East Asian Islands seems to be shown in the video such as Spratleys islets (at around 1:38).
- An international excercise with a Republic of Singapore Navy Formidable class Frigate is shown (at 1:45)
- The scene at 1:19 seems to be the recent evacuation of Chinese citizen from Yemen
- Zubr large landing craft are shown in action at 2:14
- While the scenes showing fighters and Liaoning aircraft carrier at 1:46 and 2:26 are real footage, the closing scene at 4:10 looks to be 3D animation and so does the scene at 1:48;

Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Agosto 14, 2015, 10:57:09 am
http://www.janes.com/article/53636/ro-ro-barges-emerge-as-china-s-modest-power-projection-platform
Citar
One humble platform has proven instrumental to China's ongoing construction of seven island bases in the South China Sea: the civilian inland roll-on/roll-off (ro-ro) barge.

Satellite images of the larger newly built islands at Fiery Cross, Subi, and Mischief reefs show scores of ro-ro self-propelled barges offloading materials onto the new islands or transporting materials from larger bulk carriers anchored offshore.

A 15 June satellite image of Subi Reef showed that 17 out of 57 Chinese ships engaged in island construction were ro-ro self-propelled barges, while imagery of other sites has shown ro-ro barges to be an almost constant presence in the construction process. The barges have proven particularly useful in the South China Sea because their ramps obviate the need for dock construction.

The massive operation to build its new islands has also provided the People's Liberation Army (PLA) with perhaps its biggest opportunity for peacetime mobilisation of China's civilian inland shipping.

This has also given a large crew cadre valuable experience that could be applied to future military operations, perhaps in the Taiwan Strait or elsewhere in the South China Sea.

China has a long history of enlisting civilian shipping for military purposes. In recent years the PLA has invested heavily in supporting the construction of new large ro-ro ferries and ro-ro pure car and truck carriers (PCTC) to ensure they can carry militarily useful cargoes.

On 18 June China Daily reported that the PLA Nanjing Military Command (opposite Taiwan) and the Shanghai Specifications Institute had spent five years devising new specifications "that require all civilian shipbuilders to ensure that their new vessels are suitable for military use in an emergency".

This is reflected in military mobility exercises. For example, in July PLA media reported a Nanjing Military Region Army mobility exercise featuring a ro-ro inland barge transporting about 10 ZBD86D infantry fighting vehicles and ZSD89 armoured personnel carriers.

The vehicles were offloaded at sea from a larger civilian transport dock, indicating the PLA may plan to assemble groups of larger civilian vessels that carry military vehicles at a waypoint, for carriage to shore by self-propelled barges.
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Saudações
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: olisipo em Agosto 23, 2015, 12:50:12 pm

Chinese warships in the Aden Gulf expel suspected pirates boats
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: olisipo em Setembro 03, 2015, 11:43:49 pm
Citar
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.indianexpress.com%2F2015%2F09%2Fnavy.jpg&hash=c327e422bd7009b95d603bb0f5ca031f)

Chinese warships are spotted in the Bering Sea as Obama visits Alaska

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article ... laska.html (http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3220223/Five-Chinese-ships-Bering-Sea-Obama-visits-Alaska.html)

Five Chinese Navy ships are sailing in international waters in the Bering Sea off Alaska, the Pentagon said on Wednesday, in an apparent first for China's military that came as President Obama toured the State. (...) The appearance of the ships is an example of the expanded reach of China's Navy (...)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: olisipo em Setembro 04, 2015, 11:55:17 pm
Citar
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fcdn.defencetalk.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2015%2F09%2Fchinese-naval-warship-115-696x417.jpg&hash=f229251b3b66be67976f84c55156b74b)

Chinese Navy ships entered U.S. waters off Alaskan coast

http://edition.cnn.com/2015/09/04/polit ... us-waters/ (http://edition.cnn.com/2015/09/04/politics/china-ships-alaska-us-waters/)

   Chinese Navy ships entered U.S. territorial waters off of Alaska last week, coming within 12 miles of the coastline, multiple defense officials tod CNN Friday.

The Chinese ships were doing "operations consistent with international law", U.S. officials told CNN, under the maritime rule of "innocent passage", where ships are permitted to enter territorial waters and are not challenged so long as they keep moving directly and expeditiously. U.S. officials emphasized that Russian warships exercise "innocent passage" around Alaska with regularity. But this is a first for Chinese naval ships - and the transit took  place when President Barack Obama was in Alaska. (...)
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: olisipo em Setembro 25, 2015, 07:33:54 pm
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Airbus Defence and Space imagery dated 20 September 2015 shows ongoing development on the artificial island created at Fiery Cross Reef in the South China Sea. The runway is complete with marking installed, including helipads, suggesting a potential for use in the near future.

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fi2.wp.com%2Fnews.usni.org%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2015%2F05%2Fchina-building-aircraft-runway.jpg%3Fresize%3D625%252C527&hash=c37715362e537d500f6f4a2ccd832c10)

Airstrip construction on the Fiery Cross Reef is pictured in April 2, 2015

 Report: Chinese Complete Runway on Reclaimed South Sea Island

 http://www.janes.com/article/54814/chin ... cross-reef (http://www.janes.com/article/54814/china-completes-runway-on-fiery-cross-reef)
  http://news.usni.org/2015/09/25/report- ... sea-island (http://news.usni.org/2015/09/25/report-chinese-complete-runway-on-reclaimed-south-china-sea-island)

 
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 (...) The completion of the runway which previous imagery suggests only ocurred on recent weeks, will enable China to accelerate construction of infrastructure and potentially start air patrols over Spratly Islands, which are claimed and occupied by a number of countries. (...)

 Fiery Cross Reef is the most extensive new mass land built by China in the Spratly Islands and is believed to be the future hub for operations in the Southern reaches of South China Sea. (...)

 Satellite imagery of other Chinese construction sites in the Spratlys suggest that the smaller islands at Hughes, McKennan, Johnson South, Cuateron and Gaven reefs have been completed and communication and military hardware installed, but that dredging continues at Subi and Mischief reefs.
Título: Re: Marinha Chinesa
Enviado por: olisipo em Setembro 26, 2015, 09:56:07 am
Citar
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EUA e China realizarão mais exercícios militares conjuntos

http://www.defesaaereanaval.com.br/eua- ... conjuntos/ (http://www.defesaaereanaval.com.br/eua-e-china-realizarao-mais-exercicios-militares-conjuntos/)  

Os Estados Unidos e a China concordaram melhorar seu diálogo militar e realizar mais exercícios navais conjuntos, afirmou nesta sexta-feira o presidente chinês, Xi Jinping, em uma entrevista coletiva ao lado do presidente americano, Barack Obama.  "Afirmamos inteiramente o progresso feito nos mecanismos de confiança entre as duas forças militares", disse Xi. "Concordamos em aumentar o intercâmbio e os diálogos sobre políticas entre nossos militares em todos os niveis e incrementar o treinamento e os exercícios militares conjuntos" (...)

O compromisso para expandir a cooperação militar segue dois Memorandos de Entendimento sobre Medidas para Elevar a Confiança  (CBMs, na sigla em inglês) que EUA e a China assinaram em novembro de 2014.

Como parte dos CBMs, Washington e Pequim prometeram evitar confrontos militares na Ásia. Os CBMs estipulam que os dois países notifiquem um ao outro de grandes atividades militares, desenvolvimento de políticas e estratégias e regras de combate em incidentes aéreos e marítimos.

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.extremetech.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2014%2F08%2Fchinese-submarines-lined-up-640x480.jpg&hash=eb06c56c06a1c2813cb6bae2bd97e4f8)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Dezembro 19, 2015, 12:27:26 pm
Uma leitura do poder naval chinês
Alexandre Reis Rodrigues


Aonde pretende chegar, exatamente, a China a caminho do estatuto de potência global é algo sobre o que se especula muito, entre vários tipos de preocupações que Pequim não consegue dissipar, não obstante os esforços que faz nesse sentido. Julgo, no entanto, que uma análise do processo de transformação em curso na estrutura do seu poder naval ajude a perceber as aspirações chinesas. É o campo militar onde Pequim mais tem apostado no passado recente, presumivelmente, sob a convicção de que essa é a via que mais pode ajudar o regime a afirmar-se no exterior, em termos políticodiplomáticos, com risco reduzido de gerar reações negativas.

Talvez o termo transformação não seja o mais adequado para descrever a mudança uma vez que a configuração tradicional “anti-invasão” do seu sistema de forças navais permanece, no essencial, inalterada com uma continuada aposta numa numerosa componente de submarinos convencionais, entre outros sistemas de armas que servem o mesmo tipo de propósito. A recente entrada ao serviço de um porta-aviões é um elemento marcante do processo porque denuncia a ambição de uma capacidade de projeção de poder mas a grande alteração vem na área do que os anglo-saxónicos chamam o “reach” (alcance) de uma marinha, ou seja a capacidade de operar sem restrições logísticas longe das bases.

Este trajeto patenteia de forma inequívoca o propósito de concretizar a ideia “uma marinha global para uma potência global”, o que revela o abandono da aposta exclusiva numa estratégia defensiva, como é o caso da opção “anti-invasão” atrás referida. Não é oporta-aviões “Liaoninl” - CV-16 (ou os que se lhe seguirão) que consumará esse propósito, embora faça parte dele. O elemento-chave é a cadeia logística que está metodicamente a ser construída para apoio das operações navais a uma escala global, em duas componentes: uma rede de “facilidades de apoio” (para usar a terminologia chinesa que evita o termo “base naval”) e uma frota de navios auxiliares de  reabastecimento e apoio logístico que posiciona a China como a segunda maior potência naval neste campo.

Não serão, certamente, estas mudanças que farão a China perder o estatuto de potência continental, mas vão permitir que passe a ter a valência dupla de potência marítima, entre as mais importantes em todo o mundo. Perceber de que forma pretende Pequim fazer uso desta nova capacidade ajudará a compreender como ambiciona posicionar-se no mundo.

Se Pequim olhar para o que diz a história – com certeza que não deixa de o fazer – terá pela frente os casos de duas potências continentais (França e a Alemanha) cuja aposta complementar no poder naval nunca lhes chegou para vencerem a potência marítima da época (o Reino Unido), tendo ambas se visto obrigadas a reverter para uma estratégia naval defensiva.

Pequim está obviamente ciente de que apesar dos progressos que tem feito no campo naval continua a uma distância dos EUA, quer em termos tecnológicos, quer em termos de treino e experiência, que não lhe permitirá ter qualquer veleidade de disputar o controlo do mar aos EUA. Não sendo provável que esta situação se altere proximamente e tendo em conta as atrás referidas lições da história, Pequim tentará, certamente, evitar ver-se confrontado diretamente com a hegemonia naval americana.

É um desafio que precisa de ser gerido com cuidado porque se, por um lado, existe essa preocupação, por outro lado, está a pressão da defesa de interesses que cada vez mais são globais, das disputas territoriais sobra arquipélagos cuja soberania é reclamada por países que esperam a proteção dos EUA e ainda dos conflitos de interpretação de direitos em águas de jurisdição, tema em que Pequim reivindica prerrogativas que a maioria dos países não reconhece estarem consagrados na Convenção do alto mar. Este conjunto de circunstâncias torna mais provável a possibilidade de conflitos, não obstante os esforços que a China e os EUA têm
estado a fazer para manutenção de uma relação militar estável.

Pequim tem reafirmado, consistentemente, a sua política de não-interferência nos assuntos internos de outros países, opondo-se, regra geral, a intervenções militares externas como forma de resolução de conflitos. Curiosamente, porém, o Presidente Xi Jinping declarou-se agora empenhado em criar uma capacidade de intervenção no exterior (força de manutenção de paz com 8000 efetivos), propósito anunciado na última Assembleia Geral das Nações Unidas.

Como interpretar esta mudança de política externa é um assunto em aberto. Numa perspetiva otimista, pode corresponder a um desejo sincero de promover a paz no mundo, flexibilizando a sua postura tradicional e respondendo ao desafio de passar a ter um papel ativo e responsável (responsible stakeholder) na manutenção da paz  do mundo. Numa perspetiva realista, pode visar a criação de oportunidades para melhorar a imagem externa ou projetar poder para a proteção e defesa dos seus interesses distantes, sem suscitar suspeitas ou desconfianças sobre outras possíveis intenções.

A China não chegará ao patamar de potência global sem meios militares que lhe permitam gerir as crises e conflitos em que pode ficar envolvida, onde quer que surjam. Mas tem um grande desafio pela frente. Conciliar uma postura favorável à consolidação de um contexto internacional estável, que facilite o seu crescimento económico e desenvolvimento, com a disponibilidade de uma capacidade militar que lhe garanta que a proteção e defesa dos interesses importantes, quando estiverem em causa, prevalecerão sobre tudo o mais.

É neste contexto que se deve interpretar a prioridade que Pequim tem vindo a dar ao poder naval. É o que melhor funciona como instrumento de política externa para exercer influência nas zonas onde existem interesses importantes que precisam de ser acautelados. É também o que lhe oferece mais vantagens, graças ao menor risco de provocar tensões internacionais e à sua capacidade de “dar tempo” à procura de soluções, sem prejuízo do sempre presente elemento potencial de coação. Em resumo, uma postura que precisa de ser acompanhada cuidadosamente.


> http://database.jornaldefesa.pt/crises_e_conflitos/china/JDRI%20369%20191215%20china.pdf
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: olisipo em Dezembro 31, 2015, 06:07:34 pm
 
China's first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning.

China Says It Is Building New Homegrown Aircraft Carrier

http://edition.cnn.com/2015/12/31/asia/china-new-aircraft-carrier/
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Fevereiro 24, 2016, 11:15:16 am
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Março 01, 2016, 04:19:30 pm
Estes tipos é sempre a andar...  ;)
http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2016/02/29/incorporada-a-25a-corveta-chinesa-type-056/ (http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2016/02/29/incorporada-a-25a-corveta-chinesa-type-056/)
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A Marinha do Exército de Libertação Popular da China (PLA Navy) incorporou sua 25ª corveta Type 056, em 20 de fevereiro. A Tongren (indicativo 507) entrou em serviço na Frota do Mar do Sul, e irá juntar-se ao 24° Esquadrão de Fragatas Leves baseado em Shantou, província de Guangdong, a cerca de 275 km ao nordeste de Hong Kong.

Embora a produção desta classe de navios tenha começado em 2012, a Type 056 já é uma das mais numerosas da PLA Navy, com mais unidades a caminho. O casco número 31 foi lançado em 25 de dezembro de 2015 e há indícios de mais navios em construção. No sua avaliação das capacidades da PLA Navy, o US Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) prevê que entre 30 e 60 desses navios serão construídos.
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http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2016/02/29/marinha-chinesa-ja-tem-6-navios-de-apoio-logistico-type-903/ (http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2016/02/29/marinha-chinesa-ja-tem-6-navios-de-apoio-logistico-type-903/)
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A Marinha do Exército de Libertação Popular da China (PLA Navy) incorporou em janeiro de 2016 o sexto navio de apoio logístico da classe “Qiandaohu”, o Gaoyaohu (indicativo 966).

O navio é da versão Type 903A, com deslocamento de 23.000 toneladas. Os dois primeiros da classe Type 903 deslocam 20.000 toneladas.

Mais dois navios da classe estão em construção e vão permitir à Marinha Chinesa aumentar a autonomia das operações em mares distantes.
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Saudações
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Março 03, 2016, 10:02:53 am
http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2016/03/01/type-055-o-proximo-destroier-chines/ (http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2016/03/01/type-055-o-proximo-destroier-chines/)
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O Type 055 é uma classe de destróier de mísseis guiados que está em desenvolvimento para a Força de Superfície da Marinha do Exército de Libertação Popular da China. Ele será uma evolução da classe Type 052.

Em abril de 2014, imagens divulgadas na Internet mostraram um “mock-up” em escala total da superestrutura de um grande navio de guerra que foi erguido na área de testes de eletrônica naval em Wuhan, na China. O “mock-up” apresenta um mastro integrado fechado para radar e outros equipamentos eletrônicos. Observadores concluíram que a instalação em terra era para uma nova classe de navio de guerra chinês, deslocando de 10 a 12.000 toneladas em plena carga, popularmente conhecido como Type 055.
Interessante.
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Saudações
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Junho 03, 2016, 07:47:03 pm
Chinese Coast Guard bolsters fleet with Type 054A missile frigate-type ship

Ridzwan Rahmat, Singapore - IHS Jane's Navy International
02 June 2016

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An internet image of what appears to be a Type 054A frigate in China Coast Guard livery. Source: Chinese internet sources via cjdby.net

Key Points
China appears to have adopted the Type 054A frigate design for a new coastguard ship
The platform will bolster the China Coast Guard's ability to conduct operations at distance
Images of what appears to be a new-build China Coast Guard (CCG) ship resembling the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) Type 054A Jiangkai II-class guided-missile frigate with CCG livery are being circulated on Chinese internet forums and blogs.

The images first appeared in late May 2016 and show a vessel, bearing pennant number 46301, in the water and undergoing further paint work.

According to IHS Jane's Fighting Ships , the Type 054A is 134 m long, has a beam of 16 m and a draught of 5 m. The platform can accommodate one helicopter in its hangar, has a top speed of 27 kt, and a standard range of 3,800 n miles at 18 kt. The PLAN currently operates a fleet of 22 Type 054As.

However, unlike the PLAN ships, the coastguard vessel may not be equipped with a 32-cell vertical launching system (VLS) in the forward section, and would be unlikely to feature any submarine prosecution capabilities. It also remains to be seen if the platform will retain the 76 mm main gun found on the PLAN ships because the vessel has yet to be outfitted with any weapon or sensor system components.

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The new Type 054A vessel, pictured here in CCG livery, has a hangar and helicopter flight deck. (Chinese internet sources via cjdby.net)

Given precedence from recent CCG vessel inductions, 46301 will likely be fitted with non-lethal capabilities such as water cannons, alongside the more conventional weapon systems.

The vessel will be able to accommodate a crew of about 160.

http://www.janes.com/article/60904/chinese-coast-guard-bolsters-fleet-with-type-054a-missile-frigate-type-ship
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: olisipo em Junho 13, 2016, 08:45:29 pm
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fi.imgur.com%2Fx6N86vq.jpg&hash=43be713c500f58c046946011ba39c53c)

Commissioning of the "Qujing", the 26th corvette of the 056 type


CCTV coverage of the "Qujing" commissioning ceremony

More surface ships for the Chinese Navy

http://www.janes.com/article/61249/more-surface-ships-for-the-chinese-navy

China's People Liberation Army Navy  (PLAN) commissioned its 26th Type 056 Jiangdao-class corvette on 8th June (...) On the same day, the 26th Type 054A Jiankkai II frigate was launched (...) and nine days earlier the 26th of this Class was launched.

Displacing about 1,500 tonnes, the corvettes are substantially larger than the patrol boats they are replacing and much better armed. Not only they carry four YJ-83 anti-ship missiles and a 76 mm gun, but an increasing  number have an enhanced anti-submarine warfare  (ASW) capabilities.  The ASW variants are equipped with variable depth and towed sonars, torpedo launch tubes and can operate a Z-9 helicopter from the flight deck.

The first of the Type 054A frigates only entered service in 2008, but these are now the most numerous class of PLAN escorts. Equipped with a 32-cell vertical launch missile system, primarily for firing HQ-16 anti-air missiles, and eight YJ-83 anti-ship missiles, these are well armed, modern ships.
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Julho 19, 2016, 09:16:04 am
Os Chineses sempre foram um povo muito inovador. Mais só a classe jornalística...  :o ;D :P ::)

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fmilitaryhumor.net%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2015%2F09%2Fmilitary-humor-chinese-military-tactics-sea-hide-submarine.jpg&hash=c0c48e15146becbed8598eb22dab2f10)

Cumprimentos  ;D 8)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Julho 28, 2016, 07:07:56 pm
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Cn8dqXXVYAQSoUM.jpg:large)
Satellite image captured on 10/7 reveals that most of the flight deck has been installed on #001A aircraft carrier.
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Setembro 27, 2016, 11:17:45 am
http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2016/09/26/operacoes-aereas-a-bordo-do-porta-avioes-chines-liaoning/ (http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2016/09/26/operacoes-aereas-a-bordo-do-porta-avioes-chines-liaoning/)
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Os chineses divulgaram novas fotos de operações aéreas com jatos J-15 (cópia chinesa do Su-33) a bordo do seu porta-aviões “Liaoning”.

Aos poucos a China vai desenvolvendo sua doutrina de operação que vai estar presente nos futuros porta-aviões atualmente em construção.

Para quem há poucos anos não sabia nada de aviação naval de asa-fixa, até que está se saindo muito bem.
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Saudações
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Dezembro 02, 2016, 07:55:11 pm
 Naval Analyses Retweeted
 dafeng cao ‏@xinfengcao  14h14 hours ago
Fifth Type 815A electronic surveillance ship Kaimingxing (856) will be commissioned soon.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Cypmgb7W8AAsWDr.jpg)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Dezembro 21, 2016, 08:32:46 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Dezembro 26, 2016, 02:29:38 pm

PLAN Liaoning Aircraft Carrier CSG Crossed the First Island Chain & Entered South China Sea
 
The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN or Chinese Navy) aircraft carrier Liaoning and its escort entered today in the South China Sea after passing south of Taiwan, for what Beijing presents as a routine exercise. The Liaoning aircraft carrier, escorted by five vessels sailed 90 nautical miles from the southern tip of Taiwan via the Bashi Strait that separates Taiwan from the Philippines.

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The PLAN Aircraft Carrier Liaoning crossed the "First Island Chain" for the first time.
          
On Sunday night, Japanese authorities said they spotted the six Chinese vessels, including the Liaoning, passing between Miyako Islands and Okinawa Island, in the Ryukyu Japanese archipelago, and penetrating into the Western Pacific (This area is usually reffered as "the first island chain" by China). This is significant as it is the first time that Liaoning crosses these islands. It was officially confirmed by a PLAN statement.

The Japanese MoD said today that the movement of this naval group illustrated the development of Chinese military power and that Tokyo was closely monitoring its progress. On december 25th, the JMSDF published the compisition of the Chinese CSG:
- Liaoning aircraft carrier.
- 2x Type 052C Destroyers (151 Zhengzhou from East Sea Fleet and 171 Haikou from South Sea Fleet)
- 1x Type 052D Destroyer (173 Changsha from South Sea Fleet)
- 2x Type 054A Frigates (538 Yantai and 547 Linyi from North Sea Fleet)
- 1x Type 056A ASW Corvette (594 Zhuzhou from South Sea Fleet)
- 1x Type 903A supply vessel (966 Gaoyouhu from East Sea Fleet)

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Expected path of the PLAN Aircraft Carrier Liaoning currently deployment
          
The composition of this CSG is rather interesting:
First because of the variety of ships coming from the three PLAN fleets which are not used to being affected together.
Second, because of its versatility with AAW Destroyers, ASW Frigates and Corvette, all supplemented by a refueling capacity at sea, plus at least 13 fighter jets and several helicopters.

Although this is not mentioned - neither in the PLAN statement nor in the Japanese Report - it is not excluded that a PLAN SSN, the Type 09III for example, is also part of the CSG to escort the first entry into the Western Pacific for a Chinese aircraft carrier.

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The PLAN Aircraft Carrier Liaoning deployed with at least 13x J-15 jets. A first!
          
The precise objective of this first crossing of the Chinese CSG in the Western Pacific remains unknown to this day, but it should be noted that Admiral HU Sheng Li, Commander-in-Chief of the Chinese Navy, was aboard Liaoning on December 23, one day before the group crossed the first island chain.

Given the "youth" of the Chinese naval air force with carrier opetations, it is unlikely that this event will be a demonstration of force that the media like to evoke. In the short to medium term, it is almost certain that the Chinese navy will not directly use its first CSG to confront, for example, those of the US Navy.

The Chinese navy appears to be conducting a validation campaign to check the "resistance" of its very young carrier air wing. Secondly, the objective is probably to check whether the crew is ready to step out of the first stage of basic skills acquisition before moving on to the next stage and more complex operations in a " full-scale " field test.

In other words, a "final examination" after four years of apprenticeship, to find out if the first Chinese CSG is able to defend itself and to maneuver on the high seas.


http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/news/defence-news/2016/december-2016-navy-naval-forces-defense-industry-technology-maritime-security-global-news/4726-plan-liaoning-aircraft-carrier-csg-crossed-the-first-island-chain-entered-south-china-sea.html
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Janeiro 06, 2017, 07:40:16 pm
List of ships and boats commissioned to PLA Navy in 2016
Source:Navy.81.cn Published: 2017/1/6 17:53:51

 :arrow: http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1027475.shtml
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Janeiro 10, 2017, 11:52:36 am
China triplica frota de porta-aviões


Perito militar chinês fala de uma terceira esquadra com porta-aviões, o que significaria que além do Liaoning e do navio que se sabe estar em construção em Dalian um outro faz parte dos planos de reforço militar do gigante asiático. China passaria a ser o segundo país com mais porta-aviões

Num futuro próximo, a China vai dotar-se de uma terceira esquadra com porta-aviões, afirmou o perito militar Liang Fang ao Diário do Povo, o jornal oficial do Partido Comunista Chinês. A informação chega num momento em que o único porta-aviões chinês ativo, o Liaoning, se encontra em missão em alto-mar e que está em fase avançada a construção de um segundo navio, nos estaleiros de Dalian.

Existem atualmente 15 porta-aviões ativos no mundo, dez dos quais pertencentes aos Estados Unidos, o que garante a supremacia americana nos mares, mesmo que países como a Rússia ou a França, que recentemente deslocaram para as proximidades da Síria os seus Kuznetsov e Charles de Gaulle, se esforcem por mostrar também capacidade de projeção de poder. A China, porém, ambiciona mais.

Com um orçamento militar anual de 215 mil milhões de dólares (segundo o Instituto Internacional de Pesquisa da Paz em Estocolmo), a China assume-se cada vez mais como a potência capaz de rivalizar com os Estados Unidos a nível global, mesmo que estes ainda estejam muito à frente em capacidade de investimento, com gastos na defesa na ordem dos 596 mil milhões de dólares.

Liang Fang, como é habitual nos peritos chineses, alertou que as ambições navais chinesas e o desenvolvimento da tecnologia dos novos porta-aviões têm que ver com a defesa dos interesses nacionais e não com a busca de qualquer hegemonia. Contudo, desde os Estados Unidos ao Japão, passando pelo Vietname e Taiwan, não falta quem veja com preocupação o renovado interesse pelos oceanos, sobretudo o Mar do Sul da China, onde são várias as disputas sobre fronteiras marítimas.

O Liaoning, de construção soviética, foi comprado à Ucrânia e modernizado pela China, mas o novo porta-aviões será já de fabrico chinês. Uma foto da construção deste em Dalian, distribuída por uma agência noticiosa japonesa, desagradou muito às autoridades de Pequim, com os jornais chineses a falarem de violação da segurança nacional.

A tradicional rivalidade da China com o Japão, país que começa a questionar-se sobre se pode manter o perfil pacifista pós-Segunda Guerra Mundial sem comprometer a sua segurança, também se trava nesta matéria de frotas. Hoje o Japão não possui porta-aviões, mas desde 2015 tem ao serviço o Izumo, um porta-helicópteros que é o seu maior navio construído desde 1945.

Para se perceber como é tensa a situação na Ásia Oriental, basta ver um artigo recente do South China Morning Post, o grande diário de Hong Kong, que cita vários jornais chineses em defesa das capacidades operacionais do Liaoning, referindo que este "não é um otaku", calão japonês para aqueles que nunca saem de casa. Em causa, uma missão do porta-aviões chinês no Pacífico Oriental.

A China tem uma história plurimilenar, com vários períodos em que teve capacidade naval. O mais célebre aconteceu no século XV, quando as esquadras do almirante Zheng He chegaram tão longe como a atual Tanzânia, numa época em que do outro lado de África os navegadores portugueses já se aproximavam do Golfo da Guiné.



>>>>http://www.dn.pt/mundo/interior/china-triplica-frota-de-porta-avioes-5596474.html
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Janeiro 12, 2017, 11:34:19 am
http://www.janes.com/article/66853/plan-commissions-another-intelligence-gathering-ship (http://www.janes.com/article/66853/plan-commissions-another-intelligence-gathering-ship)
Citar
China's latest intelligence-gathering ship was commissioned into the North Sea Fleet of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) at a ceremony in Qingdao on 10 January, according to Chinese news media reports.

Named Kaiyangxing (pennant number 856), the vessel was built at the Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard in Shanghai and is the fourth of the Dongdiao class (Type 815) to be commissioned in the past two years.

The first of the six 6,000-tonne ships currently in service with the PLAN was commissioned in 1999. Subsequent vessels have had changes made to their superstructure and masts, and are generally referred to as Type 815A.

The ships have a highly distinctive profile with very large spherical radomes, which are likely to be covering sensitive dish antennas for intercepting and collecting very low-power radio signals.

There are differences between the ships in the configuration of the antennas and Kaiyangxing has a unique flat-topped cylindrical radome above the bridge.

The six vessels in service are allocated evenly between the PLAN's North, East, and South Sea fleets.
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Cumprimentos
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Janeiro 12, 2017, 07:52:12 pm
Ao menos com a PLAN nunca há monotonia... :-X
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Janeiro 24, 2017, 09:53:04 am
http://www.janes.com/article/67151/china-s-north-sea-fleet-receives-first-type-052d-destroyer (http://www.janes.com/article/67151/china-s-north-sea-fleet-receives-first-type-052d-destroyer)
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China's People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) commissioned its fifth Luyang III-class (Type 052D) destroyer on 22 January.

Named Xining (with pennant number 117), the vessel is the first Type 052D to be assigned to the PLAN's North Sea Fleet, with the other four ships allocated to the South Sea Fleet. The commissioning ceremony took place at the Guzhenkou naval base south of Qingdao and was conducted by Rear Admiral Zhang Wendan, the newly appointed commander of the North Sea Fleet.

The 7,500-tonne Type 052Ds have two vertical-launch system (VLS) grids each containing 32 cells: one forward of the bridge and the other forward of the hangar. The VLS supports the HHQ-9A long-range surface-to-air missile, giving the ship an area air-defence capability. The VLS is also thought to be capable of firing land-attack and anti-ship cruise missiles.

The Type 052Ds are also equipped with the Type 346A multifunction phased array radar (commonly known as Dragon Eye).

Evidence recently emerged that the Type 052D destroyers are also fitted with variable depth and towed array sonars, which give them considerably greater anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capabilities than the PLAN's previous classes of destroyer. The VLS may also be equipped with a stand-off ASW torpedo-carrying missile.

The vessels' twin hangars are capable of embarking either Harbin Z-9 or Kamov Ka-28 anti-submarine helicopters or Kamov Ka-31 airborne early warning helicopters.
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Cumprimentos
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Fevereiro 25, 2017, 04:12:08 pm
Fases de construçao do 1º PA indigena chines

http://www.pearvideo.com/video_1029365
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Fevereiro 26, 2017, 09:59:40 am
Outro. Estes tipos é um navio por semana...  ;D :D http://www.janes.com/article/68194/plan-commissions-new-oceangoing-training-ship (http://www.janes.com/article/68194/plan-commissions-new-oceangoing-training-ship)

Citar
China's People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) has commissioned a new training ship for the Dalian Naval Academy. Named Qi Jiguang (pennant number 83), the vessel entered service on 21 February at the Lushun Naval Base, near Dalian, which is expected to be its base port.

The ceremony was attended by Vice Admiral Tian Zhong, deputy commander of the PLAN and former commander of the North Sea Fleet. Rear Admiral Yan Zhengming, the commandant of the Dalian Naval Academy, also attended.

The ship is reported to be 163 m long, with a beam of 22 m and a displacement of 9,000 tonnes. Diesel engines provide propulsion and it has a maximum speed of 22 kt.

The vessel is purpose built for initial sea training of naval cadets and footage broadcast on China Central Television (CCTV) shows an impressive level of equipment.

In addition to large classrooms for trainees to undertake conventional navigation chart work, the ship has a large lecture theatre and facilities for computer based training, including a bridge/ship handling simulator. It is also equipped with a gymnasium.

The ship is designed to be capable of embarking 400 junior officers for training, with up to 50 training staff.

The ship is lightly armed with a 76 mm single barrelled H/PJ-26 mounting on the fo'c's'le and two 30 mm H/PJ-17 guns installed forward of the bridge.

The ship has a large flight deck but no hangar.
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Cumprimentos
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Alvalade em Abril 26, 2017, 09:58:46 am
https://twitter.com/XHNews/status/857155430312759296
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Abril 26, 2017, 10:51:38 am
http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2017/04/26/china-lanca-ao-mar-primeiro-porta-avioes-construido-no-pais/ (http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2017/04/26/china-lanca-ao-mar-primeiro-porta-avioes-construido-no-pais/)
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DALIAN, 26 de abril (ChinaMil) – A cerimônia de lançamento do segundo porta-aviões da China foi realizada no Estaleiro Dalian da China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC) na manhã de 26 de abril de 2017. O General Fan Changlong, do Comitê Central do Partido Comunista da China (PCC) e vice-presidente da Comissão Militar Central da China (CMC), participaram da cerimônia e proferiram um discurso.

A cerimônia foi iniciada com o magnífico hino nacional às 9h e uma garrafa de champanhe foi quebrada no porta-aviões como uma forma costumeira de abençoar o navio. Depois disso, o navio foi lentamente rebocado para fora do estaleiro e transferido para o cais.

O segundo porta-aviões chinês foi construído totalmente pela China. O país começou a construí-lo em novembro de 2013. No momento, o casco principal foi concluído e os principais dispositivos do sistema, incluindo fontes de energia foram instalados nos seus lugares.

Desdocar e lançar é um dos pontos mais importantes da construção de porta-aviões, e marcam progressos significativos em fase de concepção e construção de forma independente. Em seguida, o navio irá receber seus dispositivos de sistema e terminar a construção como planejado, e iniciar os testes de uma maneira geral.

O Comandante da Marinha, Shen Jinlong, o Comissário Político da Marinha, Miao Hua, e o Presidente do CSIC, Hu Wenming, também participaram da cerimônia.
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.naval.com.br%2Fblog%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2017%2F04%2FCV001A-6-640x352.jpg&hash=93dd0530cd242c13ae0c04d48c88c67d)
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Saudações
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Abril 26, 2017, 12:17:50 pm
Mais algumas imagens ...  8) ;)  ;)


(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fstatic.globalnoticias.pt%2Fstorage%2FDN%2F2017%2Fbig%2Fng8478943.JPG&hash=8956393f9e3a99534baf4e5ec29a292e)


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Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Alvalade em Abril 26, 2017, 12:44:20 pm
Se a classe Kuznetsov tivesse sido construída no século XXI.
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: nelson38899 em Abril 28, 2017, 10:22:51 pm
Se a classe Kuznetsov tivesse sido construída no século XXI.

Que belo navio de investigação cientifica!

Será que vão instalar piscinas'
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Junho 28, 2017, 11:56:44 am
More photos of the new PLAN Type 055 destroyer and its forward 8x8=64 VLS system. The ship has also an aft 6x8=48 VLS, total 112 cells for a variety of VL missiles!

(https://scontent.flis5-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/19598719_1932617363616423_1911497282494530123_n.jpg?oh=e2d9146c04f3ef8d6eae08614e3823e3&oe=59CCE551)
(https://scontent.flis5-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/19437513_1932617396949753_8418954326796238877_n.jpg?oh=e66197144811e1fba1ad35b5d4b02418&oe=59E332D2)


https://www.facebook.com/navalanalyses/posts/1932617420283084
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Junho 28, 2017, 12:04:27 pm
The new People's Liberation Army Navy Type 055 180-meter 12k-ton cruiser is a fact! Four ships are under construction. BTW they call them destroyers...

(https://scontent.flis5-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/19437344_1932553096956183_3706809097466322498_n.jpg?oh=50985d4107c735a48078603153b573d2&oe=59CFBE27)
(https://scontent.flis5-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/19511200_1932553110289515_3103167334966710644_n.jpg?oh=f7f4c3aa90921e5fbacd4817dd7b0a52&oe=5A0F18DA)

https://www.facebook.com/navalanalyses/posts/1932553133622846
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Julho 03, 2017, 04:05:48 pm
Chinese aircraft carrier formation conducts trans-regional training
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Julho 09, 2017, 08:08:21 pm
O 2º PA Chines em aprestamento

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DESHxxYUQAAYJVt.jpg:large)

O Liaoning em HK

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fi64.tinypic.com%2F2ztm61u.jpg&hash=d64ff55dfa4683c0c3b428e09e729e57)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: perdadetempo em Julho 11, 2017, 07:37:57 pm
O Liaoning em operações de voo durante a viagem até Hong kong


Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Julho 12, 2017, 09:29:25 am
Uuppss. Má cópia?  ;D ;)
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China's Most advanced destroyer Type 52D stuck in Indian ocean for last 2 weeks due to engine failure
Credits : IADN

https://www.facebook.com/DeadliestTeach/?hc_ref=OTHER&pnref=story (https://www.facebook.com/DeadliestTeach/?hc_ref=OTHER&pnref=story)
(https://scontent-lhr3-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/19895089_1398854100208563_2404471743564923514_n.jpg?oh=699a0e7003c3352aecce52436b5a25cd&oe=59CAF960)

Saudações
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Julho 12, 2017, 11:28:35 am
China Makes First Step In Shifting Naval Balance Of Power In Pacific
Os mais recentes avanços da marinha chinesa em meios navais.
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: perdadetempo em Julho 26, 2017, 05:20:18 pm
A resposta chinesa à sua percepção da reacção da NATO às manobras conjuntas com os russos no Báltico
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Chinese Warships In Heart of Europe Rattle Western Powers Out of Their Security Dream
(Source: People's Daily Online; published July 26, 2017)
By Curtis Stone
Russian and Chinese warships kicked off the active naval stage of the Maritime Cooperation 2017 drills on July 25 in the Baltic Sea—the heart of Europe, shaking the West’s sense of security.

Three Chinese Navy ships—the Hefei guided missile destroyer, the Yuncheng frigate, and the Luomahu supply ship—appeared in the Baltic Sea for the kick off the routine joint drills, becoming the first Chinese naval group to pay a visit to the Baltic Sea. The series of drills are expected to last until July 28, and will include anti-ship, anti-submarine, and anti-aircraft defense maneuvers. China and Russia have been holding the joint naval drills since 2012.

Piers Cazalet, the acting spokesman for NATO, said that the naval drills in the Baltic Sea “are an example of China’s growing military capabilities and its increasingly significant global role,” The New York Times reported.

The joint naval drills in the Baltic Sea are rattling the nerves of the Western powers. However, the Chinese government has made it clear that the drills are not aimed at any third party, which, by definition, includes NATO. In addition, China does not have a ruthless history of colonialism.

But it is hard for the Western powers to shake off that old thinking of world domination. “The Baltic Sea is the heart of Europe. One can only imagine how uncomfortable the China-Russia military exercise is making them,” said Xiakedao, the WeChat account of the overseas edition of the People’s Daily.

The West’s anxiety over the joint naval drills is evident from their “little tricks,” as noted by Xiakedao. The former world power dispatched its Royal Navy to shadow the high-tech Chinese armada through the English Channel on its way to join Russia’s fleet. This is routine business for the United Kingdom, but the Netherlands and Denmark also dispatched warships.

NATO countries are worried about the growing strategic partnership between China and Russia and the joint naval exercises are being watched closely by NATO warships in the area. The U.S. European Command (EUCOM) said in a statement that the U.S. is “closely tracking Russian exercises with other participants, like China,” according to Stars and Stripes, a news organization that provides news and information to the U.S. military community.

The hysteria is ridiculous. In total, about 10 ships, including the three Chinese warships, are taking part in the joint military exercises. In addition, it took the Chinese warships 40 days to reach the distant frontier, according to Russian news agency Sputnik. Compare that to the scale and frequency of NATO military exercises at Russia’s doorstep or the scale and frequency of U.S military exercises at China’s doorstep, and it is obvious that the naval drills are trivial in comparison. “There is no need for NATO to be so fragile,” said Xiakedao.

Members of NATO ought to be extremely uneasy—but for very different reasons. U.S. President Donald Trump has called into question the “enduring purpose and nature” of the military and political organization and demanded members pay the U.S. for “protection,” which is problem for the European countries that are struggling with slow to no growth. Furthermore, the new administration is basically just sharpening the edge of former U.S. President Barack Obama’s failed “rebalance to Asia and the Pacific” policy by putting more emphasis on the military dimension. Clearly the U.S.’s “rock-solid” commitment to the alliance is in question.

The truth of the matter regarding the joint naval drills is much more mundane. While China and Russia are forging closer military ties, they are not forming a formal military alliance to engage in expansion or to defend against the potential threat of aggression. China has been very clear that it has no intention to seek expansion. And although China is rising as the West declines, the country is focused on development and cooperation—and not world domination. As for Russia, the most important task is to build up the economy. What this all means, of course, is that routine military cooperation between China and Russia is not the next NATO.

http://www.defense-aerospace.com/articles-view/release/3/185570/chinese-warships-%E2%80%98rattle-western-powers-out-of-their-security-dream%E2%80%99.html (http://www.defense-aerospace.com/articles-view/release/3/185570/chinese-warships-%E2%80%98rattle-western-powers-out-of-their-security-dream%E2%80%99.html)

Cumprimentos,

PS: O interessante da história é a justificação que os chineses dão da sua presença, o seu aparente espanto pela reacção da NATO e a sua percepção como potência de futuro versus um "Oeste" em decadência.

Uma achega para os proprietários da EDP e outras coisas que foram vendidas. A NATO faz manobras à porta da Rússia porque infelizmente tem um péssimo vizinho que a isso obriga. Os países à volta do Báltico não têm história de impérios coloniais fora da Europa e antes pelo contrário vários deles foram vitimas dessas politicas imperiais (leia-se Rússia).


Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Cabeça de Martelo em Agosto 18, 2017, 05:24:17 pm
Destroyer 055

http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/focus-analysis/naval-technology/5337-chinese-cruiser-or-destroyer-full-details-on-plan-s-first-type-055.html

http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/focus-analysis/naval-technology/5374-analysis-sensor-and-electronic-warfare-suites-aboard-china-s-type-055-destroyer.html

Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: AtInf em Agosto 22, 2017, 11:37:48 pm
O próximo porta-aviões já terá catapultas, só falta a propulsão nuclear.

http://www.popsci.com/china-aircraft-carrier-technology (http://www.popsci.com/china-aircraft-carrier-technology)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Outubro 06, 2017, 10:37:15 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Outubro 11, 2017, 07:06:14 pm
Novo destróier chinês Type 055 terá mais de 100 VLS
11 de outubro de 2017

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.naval.com.br%2Fblog%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2017%2F10%2FType-055-9-1024x535.jpg&hash=84bfc3a25e3b4c875e6beaa63c7f23ac)

A mídia chinesa informou que o novo destróier de mísseis guiados da China possui mais de 100 Sistemas de Lançamento Vertical (VLS), que os especialistas dizem que terão  capacidade de reação rápida de lançamento de armas.

Uma reportagem publicada pela CCTV no dia 10 de outubro mostrou que o novo destróier de mísseis guiados Type 055 possui 112 células VLS instaladas, superando os destróieres da classe “Arleigh Burke” da Marinha dos EUA em quantidade.

“O número de VLS mostra a capacidade de combate e reação rápida dos navios de guerra da China”, disse o especialista militar Song Zhongping ao Global Times.

“Uma vez que a recarga de um VLS é relativamente difícil, quanto mais VLS um navio tem, mais forte e mais rápida é sua reação”, disse ele.

De acordo com Song, os destróieres anteriores da China só podem ter um número limitado de células de lançamento, então o Type 055 vai aumentar as capacidades de reação rápida de armas, disse Song, observando que aumentar o número de tubos de lançamento e células de navios é o caminho necessário para a China possuir grandes navios de guerra no futuro.

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.naval.com.br%2Fblog%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2017%2F10%2FType-055-10-1024x705.jpg&hash=971da987f0c7ab750eb41f5522ac2bd4)

O destróier Type 055, o primeiro escolta de 10.000 toneladas produzido pela China, foi revelado no estaleiro Jiangnan (Grupo) em Xangai da China Oriental em 28 de junho, informou a Agência de Notícias Xinhua.

O destróier é o primeiro da nova geração de navios de guerra da China. Está equipado com novas armas de defesa aérea, antimíssil, antinavio e antissubmarino. O navio atinge um marco na melhoria do sistema de armamento da PLA Navy e na construção de uma Marinha forte e moderna, disse a Xinhua.

“O destróier Type 055 formará o sistema antimíssil da China junto com o destróier 052D, que já foi incoporado. A China também poderá construir uma versão chinesa do sistema de defesa de mísseis Aegis com a inclusão do Type 055”, disse Song ao Global Times, em uma entrevista anterior.

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.naval.com.br%2Fblog%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2016%2F03%2Fchinanavy055-640x440.jpg&hash=8e02c4c188b12acf5a174e3640a0a3bf)
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http://www.naval.com.br/blog/2017/10/11/novo-destroier-chines-type-055-tera-mais-de-100-vls/
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Cabeça de Martelo em Novembro 23, 2017, 06:14:54 pm
China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities—Background and Issues for Congress / Ronald O'Rourke, Specialist in Naval Affairs

 https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33153.pdf
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: perdadetempo em Janeiro 27, 2018, 06:21:00 pm
Corvetas tipo 56 próximas de chegarem às 40 unidades.

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Depuis la mise en service du premier bâtiment de classe en Mars 2013, on se rapproche bientôt de la 5e année où les corvettes Type 056 ont commencé à s’intégrer au sein des forces navales de l’armée chinoise.

Si l’on croit au chiffre selon lequel une « soixantaine » d’exemplaires a été commandé par la marine chinoise, évoqué par une source « insider », ce programme de bâtiment de combat léger de classe 1 000 tonnes, conçu entre autres pour la protection des intérêts maritimes chinois dans ses zones économiques exclusives situées à 200 milles marins des côtes et les conflits d’intensité faible, a déjà parcouru ⅔ de son chemin, du moins jusqu’à hier.

En effet, un article paru sur le site de l’armée chinois 81.cn ce lundi 15 Janvier nous indique que la nouvelle corvette 540 Wuhai a rejoint la 19e flottille de frégates, une unité de la flotte du Nord basée sur l’île de Haiyang, qui se trouve au large de la ville de Dalian situé au nord de la Chine. C’est dans cette même ville que le 2e porte-avions est en cours d’agencement.

Il s’agit donc de la 39e corvette Type 056 mise en service dans la marine chinoise, qui est également de la variante Type 056A, le 18e de série, spécialisée dans la lutte anti-sous-marines.

Le bâtiment mesurant 88,9 mètres de long et 11,14 mètres au maître-bau a été mis à l’eau au chantier naval Liaonan le 12 Septembre 2016. Tout comme ses sisterships, 540 Wuhai déplace 1 340 tonnes pleine charge et son système de propulsion CODAD permet au navire de filer au delà de 25 nœuds, avec une autonomie économique de 2 000 miles nautiques.

Côté systèmes de combat, le navire est équipée d’une suite de combat et de communication dédiée à l’ASW, des missiles ASROC, des grenades anti-sous-marines, des torpilles légères et un sonar remorqué, ainsi qu’un canon principal  H/PJ-26 de calibre 76mm, deux CIWS aux canons H/PJ-17 de calibre 30mm et un CIWS aux missiles HQ-10 à huit tubes.

Les 95 membres d’équipage sont dirigés désormais par le capitaine de frégate ZHAO Jiang Long (赵江龙), qui se voit confier le navire au prix de 710 millions de yuan (environ 90 millions d’€ au taux de change actuel) par le contre-amiral YAO Li Qiang (姚立强), commandant adjoint de la base navale Liaoning, dans une cérémonie officielle qui a eu lieu hier à 10h00 du matin heure locale.

Les représentants civils de Wuhai, une ville minière de 550 000 habitants située à l’ouest de la région autonome de Mongolie-Intérieure en Chine, ont également été présents. Le bâtiment 540 Wuhai est le premier de classe portant le nom d’une ville dans cette province chinoise.

http://www.eastpendulum.com/bientot-40-corvettes-type-056-marine-chinoise (http://www.eastpendulum.com/bientot-40-corvettes-type-056-marine-chinoise)

O link tem as imagens e o video da Type 56

nota: Aparentemente  a China consegue fabricar uma corveta por 90M de euros.

Cumprimentos,

Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Fevereiro 01, 2018, 06:30:13 pm
Is China's PLAN About to Test a Railgun at Sea ?
February 2018 Navy Naval Defense Industry News
POSTED ON WEDNESDAY, 31 JANUARY 2018 23:23
 
   
Ship spotters from China released several pictures of what appears to be an electromagnetic (EM) railgun. The pictures released on January 31st show the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN or Chinese Navy) Type 072 III landing ship Haiyangshan (hull number 936) fitted with the suspected railgun at its bow and several ISO containers amidship.

(https://www.navyrecognition.com/images/stories/news/2018/february/China_PLAN_electromagnetic_railgun_1.jpg)
Chinese ship spotter picture showing the PLAN Type 072 III landing ship fitted with a large turret which could be a railgun

At least three containers seem to be placed on the landing ship, likely for power supply and control. The shape of the turret itself is in line with what a railgun turret could look like. The shape of the barrel itself shares some similarities with BAE Systems' railgun (in its turreted variant) with a large diameter on one half and a smaller diameter on the second half.

The location where those pictures were taken has not been disclosed, but it could be in Wuhan in central China (on Yangtze river).

(https://www.navyrecognition.com/images/stories/news/2018/february/China_PLAN_electromagnetic_railgun_annotations.gif)
Chinese ship spotter guestimation on the nature of the various elements fitted aboard Type 072 III landing ship Haiyangshan (translation by Navy Recogintion).

A total of ten Type 072III-class landing ship (NATO designation Yuting-II class) were commissioned with the PLAN from 1992 until 2002. They have a length of 119.5 meters and a displacement of 4,800 tons. They are usually fitted with three H/PJ76F twin 37mm gun system (including at the bow where the suspected railgun is not fitted). All of 072III landing ships were built by Shanghai Zhonghua Shipyard.

(https://www.navyrecognition.com/images/stories/news/2018/february/China_PLAN_electromagnetic_railgun_3.jpg)
Type 072 III landing ship Haiyangshan underway

Later in the day on January 31st, a picture emmerged showing the landing ship underway showing that the program is likely mature enough to enter a phase of testing at sea. If this turns out to be an actual EM railgun, China would become the very first country to test such a system at sea.

(https://www.navyrecognition.com/images/stories/news/2018/february/China_PLAN_electromagnetic_railgun_4.jpg)
(https://www.navyrecognition.com/images/stories/news/2018/february/China_PLAN_electromagnetic_railgun_5.jpg)
type 072 III landing ship Haiyangshan fitted with what appears to be a railgun and several containers

Chinese advances in the field of EM railguis should not come as a surprise however: According to a Popular Science article published recently (December 2017), China is the nation producing the most unclassified, peer-reviewed electromagnetic launch research in the world. It's the type of public science that suggests China could field a range of military electromagnetic technologies in the future.

About railguns
Railgun technology relies on a massive electrical pulse, rather than gunpowder or other chemical propellants, to launch projectiles at distances over 100 nautical miles – and at speeds that exceed Mach 6.

The military applications for this technology are many:
- Long range artillery (in excess of 200 Km)
- Anti-surface (naval)
- Increased penetration thanks to high impact speed
- Anti air and anti missile defense (including against hypersonic threats)
- Simultaneous impacts thanks via rate of fire and velocity control
- No powder (no prytechnic risks)

The U.S. Navy, along with the Office of Naval Research (ONR) and BAE Systems has been working on the technology for several years. Last summer, the ONR demonstrated the ability to conduct "multi shot salvo" (with two projectiles are fired in a 12 seconds span or about 5 rounds per minute). But this was at the Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division, a land based facility.

US company General Atomics is also working on the technology.

Other countries countries currently conducting research on railguns include Japan, France and Russia. But those countries are still at "in laboratory testing" stage. Again, if this turret aboard the landing ship is confirmed to be a railgun, China would definitly be ahead with the technology.

https://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/news/defence-news/2018/february-2018-navy-naval-defense-news/5910-is-china-s-plan-about-to-test-a-railgun-at-sea.html
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Fevereiro 18, 2018, 03:35:55 pm
http://uk.businessinsider.com/every-ship-in-the-chinese-navy-2015-8 (http://uk.businessinsider.com/every-ship-in-the-chinese-navy-2015-8)
Citar
China wants to become east Asia's dominant power. And in order to do that, the country needs a navy that can balance out American and US-allied assets in the region.

China wants a force that is capable of operating for extended periods in the open ocean, away from the coasts or support bases. A "blue-water navy" would allow China to protect vital trade routes while also enabling Beijing to project force in areas far from China's coastline.

Beijing's naval development could be one of the biggest strategic challenges the US faces in coming decades. And the Chinese navy is already pretty formidable. The following graphic from the US Office of Naval Intelligence shows every surface ship in the Chinese Navy as of February 2015 (you can view a much larger version of the graphic here):

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fstatic3.uk.businessinsider.com%2Fimage%2F55db6f6add08953e478b45eb-1284-1067%2Fscreen%2520shot%25202015-08-24%2520at%25203.18.18%2520pm.png&hash=6c7b6b0c0abd4a9b415534e218988027)

Saudações
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Março 17, 2018, 07:20:51 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Março 17, 2018, 11:03:26 pm
Não sei porque veio-me à memória a classe Xia...  ;D ::)

https://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/china/type_92.htm (https://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/china/type_92.htm)

Citar
In 1981 China launched the Xia-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine (SSBN), derived from the Han-class SSN. A ballistic missile submarine force would enhance Beijing's assurance of an effective retaliatory capability, as well as strengthening her deterrent posture. Despite a potential for operations in the Pacific Ocean, capabilities would be very limited against modern Western or Russian ASW capabilities. China’s first ballistic missile submarine, the Type 092 Xia-class, was never considered to be a survivable deterrent. The product of “trial and error" (many onboard systems have been upgraded and tested at sea) the Type 092 spent little time away from the pier.

Operations have been limited and the Xia has never sailed beyond Chinese regional waters. The sole existing Xia-class SSBN may never have made an operational deployment [in the sense that American SSBNs deployed], and had reportedly been in overhaul [some thought undergoing disposal] since 1995. To the surprise of some, the Xia was sighted during PLAN exercises in December 2000. This is the first time the Xia had been sighted at sea since upgrades in 1995.

A second hull was reportedly launched in 1982, but little evidence for the career of this boat subesquently emerged. It is certainly not currently in service, with unsubstantiated reports claiming it was lost in a 1985 accident.

It is generally agreed that the single unit of this class entered the shipyard in 1995. Some sources suggest the work was possibly to fit the new JL-2 SLBM system, with the upgrade expected to be completed in 1998, but this appears not to have been the case. The JL-2 (CSS-NX-4) SLBM is reported to carry 3 or 4 MIRV (90kT each) or a single 250kt warhead with a range of 8,000km. Other reports suggest that as of late 1999 China was completing re-construction the second Xia-class missile submarine, with a modified design that can launch the new longer-range JL-2s. However, authoritative sources doubt that the Type 92 is being modified to launch the JL-2.

As of March 2001 the US Defense Intelligence Agency reported that the single XIA class SSBN was "not operational." The boat, fitted with 12 JL-1 or JL-1A missiles, had been expected to return to service in mid-1999.

In March 2007 Seapower Magazine published an article based on information supplied by the US Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI), and subsequently obtained under the Freedom of Information Act. According to ONI, China's XIA SSBN, which was launched in 1983 and had twice successfully fired a 1,770 km range JL-l SLEM, remained in active service with the Chinese Navy and likely constituted a limited component of China's nuclear deterrent force. As such, the XIA is more than a test~bed for the Chinese Navy. Although the range of the JL-l limits the XIA's utility as a deterrent platfonn, targets throughout the region, including US military facilities, could be targeted with the J-l from launch points inside traditional Chinese Navy operating areas.

China's sole XIA Class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine (SSBN) - SSBN #406 - was extended through at least 2010. The Type 94 replacement is equiped with the new JL-2 SLBM system. The Type 092 was noted in imagery to be undergoing refit or repair using the Jianggezhuang Submarine Base drydock [near Qingdao], occupying the drydock between 2005 and 2007. By 2013 the status of the XIA was unclear. The US DOD annual report Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China last mentioned this boat in 2010, and there is no hint of it in subsequent reports. Previous reports of its demise had proven greatly exagerated, though it was never really operational in the American sense. World Warships reported it in service, as of 19 September 2012. Asian Military Review reported the boat as "probably not operational". The latest edition of Combat Fleets of the World, published September 2013, reports that the boat was "expected to remain in service until 2012" which is not much help. World Defense Almanac 2013 reports the boat still in service, as does the authoritative Military Balance. Chinese Military Review published a new set of [undated] photographs of the Type 092 Xia in January 2013, showing the boat tied up pierside.

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2F2.bp.blogspot.com%2F-TYAJKChkG0g%2FTex_myD8QFI%2FAAAAAAAABdM%2FIn24rdBFMuI%2Fs1600%2FType%2B092%2B%252528Xia%2BClass%252529%2BNuclear-Powered%2BMissile%2BSubmarine%2B2%25252C500km-range%2Bsingle-warhead%2BJuLang%2B1%2B%252528NATO%2BCSS-N-3%252529%2Bsubmarine-launched%2Bballistic%2Bmissiles%2B%252528SLBM%252529%2BJL-1A%2BJL-2%2B%2525281%252529.jpg&hash=c1d55173e7de609704b32ef507d3ff68)

(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2F3.bp.blogspot.com%2F-wzTaIx41wWg%2FTeyBn9IPqlI%2FAAAAAAAABdw%2F_Fvfhpyv83I%2Fs1600%2FType%2B092%2B%252528Xia%2BClass%252529%2BNuclear-Powered%2BMissile%2BSubmarine%2B2%25252C500km-range%2Bsingle-warhead%2BJuLang%2B1%2B%252528NATO%2BCSS-N-3%252529%2Bsubmarine-launched%2Bballistic%2Bmissiles%2B%252528SLBM%252529%2BJL-1A%2BJL-2%2B%25252814%252529.jpg&hash=0f55734c71b70346ae198ded80aa9a5e)

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Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Abril 13, 2018, 10:11:11 am
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dal-AUCUwAIE8AZ.jpg:large)
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Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Abril 22, 2018, 02:03:59 pm
(https://4.bp.blogspot.com/-VGAp39ZbBJs/Wtx_AksnBSI/AAAAAAAAMAw/l__KsxFQGNIzSo5Cp3futXnpmc866ZdzQCLcBGAs/s1600/PLAN%2Bsubs%2B2018.jpg)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Abril 22, 2018, 06:12:47 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Maio 20, 2018, 05:34:26 pm
Type 002 aircraft carrier returned to Dalian port today, after 5 days of sea trial.

(https://scontent.flis5-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/32916763_1634298193273769_7100645323378262016_n.jpg?_nc_cat=0&oh=94341efac90b94613cc95a162b727122&oe=5B7A1AB5)
(https://scontent.flis5-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/32765408_1634298249940430_586699511955456000_n.jpg?_nc_cat=0&oh=dc2e6158f45c05d7ce8813b6d2bd82b3&oe=5BC35E0E)
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Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Maio 22, 2018, 11:02:46 am
Type 002 aircraft carrier returned to Dalian port today, after 5 days of sea trial.

(https://scontent.flis5-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/32836846_1634298129940442_1187060365691715584_n.jpg?_nc_cat=0&oh=296374a321710ad49056ca07e56bf290&oe=5B7850DB)

Impressão minha, ou em relação ao Liaoning o piso do convêm de voo do novo Porta-Aviões foi feito com ladrilhos deflectores?

(https://cdn1.i-scmp.com/sites/default/files/styles/980x551/public/images/methode/2017/07/06/ce533198-6147-11e7-badc-596de3df2027_1280x720_150739.jpg?itok=Auj5k_VU)

(https://cdnbr1.img.sputniknews.com/images/987/14/9871440.jpg)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DD26y5nXcAA0zWB.jpg)

Saudações
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Julho 10, 2018, 03:33:56 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Agosto 18, 2018, 08:47:53 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Cabeça de Martelo em Outubro 11, 2018, 03:54:10 pm
The Chinese Aircraft Carrier Program and Its Influence in the Chinese Naval Strategy
Alejandro A. Vilches Alarcón

For two decades, the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) immersed itself in an incomparable naval construction program. China is one of the world’s biggest economic powers—its firm decisions impacting at a global level, and its wishes aimed at reaching superpower status in the military realm.

...

 :arrow: https://www.airuniversity.af.mil/Portals/10/ASPJ_Spanish/Journals/Volume-30_Issue-3/2018_3_06_vilches_s_eng.pdf
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Novembro 27, 2018, 07:40:53 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Janeiro 01, 2019, 01:38:41 pm
China launches seventh Type 071 LPD

Ridzwan Rahmat, Singapore - Jane's Navy International
31 December 2018
   
China's Hudong-Zhonghua shipyard has launched the seventh Yuzhao-class (Type 071) landing platform dock (LPD) vessel on order for the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).

The LPD took to the water on 28 December, as derived from information in a notice to mariners released by Shanghai's Maritime Safety Administration (MSA) agency. The notice described the launch of a vessel that measures 210 m in length and 28 m in breadth.

The Type 071 LPD has an overall length of 210 m, an overall beam of 28 m, and a hull draught of 8 m. The platform has a top speed of 25 kt and can accommodate a crew complement of 156 including 23 officers.

https://www.janes.com/article/85444/china-launches-seventh-type-071-lpd

(https://thaimilitaryandasianregion.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/type-071c-2016-line1.gif?w=625&h=271)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Janeiro 02, 2019, 10:16:06 am
https://ukdefencejournal.org.uk/chinese-vessel-spotted-testing-electromagnetic-railgun/?no_cache=1&fbclid=IwAR0h9FKR0SzJ_EnE0SeMrX0vIRSgpi-5z7H8_IMeKG685_8vyNb6gMEQc_4 (https://ukdefencejournal.org.uk/chinese-vessel-spotted-testing-electromagnetic-railgun/?no_cache=1&fbclid=IwAR0h9FKR0SzJ_EnE0SeMrX0vIRSgpi-5z7H8_IMeKG685_8vyNb6gMEQc_4)
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A tank landing ship and what appears to be an electromagnetic railgun weapon were spotted along the Yangtze River, presumably heading for sea trials.

Chinese outlets said recently that the Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy is “making notable achievements on advanced weapons, including sea tests of electromagnetic railguns”.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DU3PZneVMAE4rTN.jpg)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DU3WO4_WsAApg3E.jpg)

Saudações
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Janeiro 03, 2019, 04:22:13 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Janeiro 22, 2019, 03:48:17 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Abril 11, 2019, 10:21:08 am
(https://www.janes.com/images/assets/820/87820/p1745408_main.jpg)

Naval Weapons
Chinese navy trials laser weapon

Andrew Tate, London - Jane's Defence Weekly
10 April 2019
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A screengrab from footage aired by CCTV showing what appears to be a prototype laser weapon being tested by the Chinese navy. Source: Via CCTV
Chinese media have reported that a prototype laser weapon is being tested by the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).

An article published on 5 April on the Sina news website contains several screengrabs taken from footage broadcast by China Central Television (CCTV) showing a trainable optical device mounted on a mobile chassis with a large main lens.

This is surmounted by two smaller devices, possibly optical and radio frequency ranging and tracking sensors. One of the images also shows an auxiliary trailer that could be used as a mobile generator, as well as Chinese troops nearby in naval uniform.

No definitive information relating to the capability of the system has been disclosed but the Sina report suggests that a truck-mounted variant could form part of a coastal defence battery, and that a shipborne device could be an alternative to the HHQ-10 short-range surface-to-air missile system, implying that the laser-based system may have a range of about 5 km.

China has produced several examples of road-mobile laser weapons. For instance, in late 2017 China released information about a laser weapon system that had successfully destroyed an unmanned aerial vehicle at a range of about 300 m.

https://www.janes.com/article/87820/chinese-navy-trials-laser-weapon
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Abril 26, 2019, 09:23:35 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Maio 12, 2019, 11:33:50 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Junho 04, 2019, 01:07:55 pm
China conducts probable test launch of JL-3 SLBM

Andrew Tate, London - Jane's Defence Weekly
03 June 2019

(https://www.janes.com/images/assets/001/89001/p1745516_main.jpg)
An image published on Chinese social media showing what may be the country’s next-generation SLBM, the JL-3, in flight following a test-firing on 2 June. Source: Via Weibo

Photographs posted on Chinese social media sites appear to show that China conducted a missile launch on 2 June, which online sources suggest was a test firing of the country’s next-generation submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM), the JL-3.

The event took place during the time an area in the Bohai Sea was closed for a “military mission” as notified by the Liaoning office of the Maritime Safety Administration (MSA). The MSA had issued two closure notices – from 07:00-1300 h (local time) on 1 June and from 02:30-12:00 h on 2 June – for naval activities in the Bohai Strait, southwest of the naval bases around Lushun and Dalian, at the entrance to the largely enclosed Bohai Sea.

State-owned Global Times newspaper reported that on 2 June at about 04:00 h “residents across multiple provinces in China” had seen “an unidentified flying object (UFO) with a glowing fiery tail streak across the sky”, photographs and video clips of which were posted on many Chinese social media sites.

The event was observed in Shandong, Shanxi, Hebei, and Henan provinces, which would be consistent with a missile fired from the Bohai Sea following a flight path into the desert areas of western China where ballistic missile test firings usually impact.

A previous JL-3 test launch took place in late November 2018, according to an article by Bill Gertz in the Washington Free Beacon , quoting US defence officials. A similar sea closure area south west of Dalian was established by the Liaoning MSA on 22 November, but there was no observed missile flight. This probably indicated that the November launch was to demonstrate satisfactory underwater ejection of the missile from the launch tube.

https://www.janes.com/article/89001/china-conducts-probable-test-launch-of-jl-3-slbm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Junho 04, 2019, 01:09:30 pm
Sea Platforms
Images show likely configuration of sensor suite for PLAN’s next carrier

Andrew Tate, London - Jane's Defence Weekly
04 June 2019


Photographs published on Chinese internet forums show that further developments and modifications have been made to the superstructure of the land-based aircraft carrier development facility in the central Chinese city of Wuhan. These likely reflect the changes that will be implemented in building the third carrier for China's People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).

(https://www.janes.com/images/assets/019/89019/p1745517.jpg)
An image of China's land-based aircraft carrier development facility in Wuhan showing what is likely to be the future configuration of the sensor suite on the island of China's third aircraft carrier. (Via CJDBY.net)

The most significant feature is the installation of an integrated mast on top of the island superstructure, replacing the mast that in the first two carriers supports the mechanically rotated Type 382 (H/LJQ 382) 3D radar with its distinctive back-to-back skewed arrays. Multiple arrays appear to be fitted to the new mast, which has a housing with eight faces halfway up that seem to be designed to accommodate two differing sets of four arrays.

https://www.janes.com/article/89019/images-show-likely-configuration-of-sensor-suite-for-plan-s-next-carrier
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Junho 12, 2019, 10:27:18 am
China increases construction rate of amphibious assault ships

Andrew Tate, London - Jane's Defence Weekly
10 June 2019


(https://www.janes.com/images/assets/152/89152/p1743829_main.jpg)
The eighth Type 071-class amphibious assault ship on order for the PLAN was launched at the Hudong-Zhonghua shipyard in Shanghai on 6 June. Source: Via Weixin website

The eighth Type 071 (Yuzhao)-class amphibious assault ship on order for China's People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) was launched at the Hudong-Zhonghua shipyard in Shanghai on 6 June, making it the fourth of these 20,000 tonne landing platform dock (LPD) vessels to have entered the water since June 2017.

Construction of the seventh LPD began in April 2018, with the ship entering the water on 28 December 2018: a period of eight months to assemble the complete hull and launch the ship. Assembly of Hull 8 was carried out in the same part of the dock vacated following the launch of Hull 7, meaning that Hull 8 was completed in just six months. Fitting out and trials are likely to take a further 12 months before the ship is ready for commissioning.

As previously reported by Jane's, another hull is being constructed in the same dock as the LPDs, and it seems certain that this will be the PLAN's first Type 075 helicopter assault ship. Progress on this ship has also been rapid, as assembly must have commenced after the dock was drained following the launch of the seventh Type 071 in December 2018 and a large part of the Type 075 was sufficiently complete to be watertight and float when the dock was flooded again for the most recent LPD launch.

Although assembly of the Type 075 may take longer than the repeat builds of the Type 071, given that it is both larger and a new design, it looks likely that it will be launched before the end of 2019.

The most recent satellite imagery shows that the hull of the Type 075 in its current state has a beam of about 32 m. As the bow and stern sections have yet to be added, its length cannot yet be established but it seems likely that the displacement will be about 35,000-40,000 tonnes.

https://www.janes.com/article/89152/china-increases-construction-rate-of-amphibious-assault-ships
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Junho 19, 2019, 09:57:53 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Julho 18, 2019, 10:59:24 am
https://www.naval.com.br/blog/2019/07/10/segundo-porta-avioes-chines-necessitara-de-apoio-logistico-robusto/?fbclid=IwAR2-X-YJsMJ88xa_h7nP2sAnqQ7IR4AhWeE0h-u6PY4ZO66GpR8KFoA7b3M (https://www.naval.com.br/blog/2019/07/10/segundo-porta-avioes-chines-necessitara-de-apoio-logistico-robusto/?fbclid=IwAR2-X-YJsMJ88xa_h7nP2sAnqQ7IR4AhWeE0h-u6PY4ZO66GpR8KFoA7b3M)

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Segundo porta-aviões chinês necessitará de apoio logístico robusto

O navio só poderá operar durante seis dias no mar sem reabastecimento, mas uma nova base está sendo construída no Fiery Cross Reef
Problemas de reabastecimento podem surgir como um grande obstáculo para as capacidades de combate do segundo porta-aviões da China, conhecido inicialmente como “Type 001A” (redesignado como Type 002), que está agora no seu estágio final de testes e ajustes antes de entrar em serviço, provavelmente até o final deste ano.

O porta-aviões de construção chinesa, que funciona com óleo combustível naval, é inspirado no seu antecessor, o Liaoning, de fabricação soviética, e possui os mesmos sistemas básicos de propulsão que seu navio irmão.

Assim como o Liaoning e outros navios da classe “Kuznetsov” da era soviética, o novo porta-aviões precisará armazenar cerca de 13.000 toneladas métricas de óleo combustível naval para suas operações, além das necessidades dos seis a oito destróieres de mísseis guiados e corvetas que formam um grupo de combate maior.

Uma missão para reabastecer os tanques do porta-aviões será necessária sempre que um terço do estoque total de combustível for consumido, como visto no acordo de logística do Exército de Libertação Popular para o desdobramento anti-pirataria no Golfo de Aden, onde acompanha navios mercantes chineses, segundo para o Kanwa Defense Review.

O segundo porta-aviões consumirá 1.100 toneladas de combustível por dia ao navegar a 20 nós (37 quilômetros por hora) e cerca de 400 toneladas a mais durante operações de combate. O esquadrão de caça J-15 a bordo do porta-aviões também precisará de suprimento adequado de combustível de aviação, bem como outros óleos lubrificantes.

Quando o novo porta-aviões estiver em alto-mar, o navio de abastecimento, munição e suprimento Type 903 de 23.000 toneladas será a principal fonte de combustível, alimentos e outros suprimentos. No entanto, essa restrição de capacidade significa que a Marinha terá dificuldade de reabastecer todo o grupo de ataque de porta-aviões mais que duas vezes seguidas.

(https://www.naval.com.br/blog/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/Type-002-CV17-1024x576.jpg)

(https://www.naval.com.br/blog/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/Type-901-1024x359.jpg)

Saudações
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Agosto 18, 2019, 04:09:29 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Setembro 06, 2019, 10:21:59 am
https://www.naval.com.br/blog/2019/08/27/com-o-primeiro-porta-helicopteros-type-075-quase-pronto-china-comeca-a-construcao-do-segundo/
(https://www.naval.com.br/blog/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/Type-075-5-1024x1365.jpg)
(https://www.naval.com.br/blog/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/Type-075-6-1024x833.jpg)

A construção do primeiro porta-helicópteros de assalto anfíbio chinês Type 075 (LHD), na Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding Company em Xangai, está em ritmo acelerado.
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Setembro 10, 2019, 10:11:13 am
(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/Type-002-Chinas-2nd-Aircraft-Carrier-to-be-Commissioned-by-Year-end-770x410.jpg)

Type 002 China’s 2nd Aircraft Carrier To Be Commissioned By Year-End

China's 2nd aircraft carrier (the 1st one fully built locally) completed its 7th set of sea trials in August. It will highly likely be commissioned with the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN or Chinese navy) by the end of the year.

Xavier Vavasseur  09 Sep 2019

This article was first published in French language by East Pendulum

China’s new aircraft carrier (known as “Type 002”) set sails from the port of Dalian on Aug. 1st for its seventh set of sea trials. It returned August 23, 2019 after its longest test campaign to date which lasted 22 days.

This 2nd aircraft carrier for the PLAN, designed by the engineers of the 701 Institute of the CSIC group on the basis of Project 1134.5 Varyag (known as Liaoning today and in service with the PLAN), is set to be commissioned, as expected, before the end of the year. East Pendulum predicted this back in 2016 when the vessel was still in dry dock.

In addition to the Chinese Navy receiving its 2nd aircraft carrier, we are likely to see by December 2019 the launch of the 1st Type 075 LHD currently under construction at Hudong Shipyard. -Zhonghua in Shanghai, and by the possible keel laying of the 3rd aircraft carrier at Jiangnan Changxing shipyard, also located in Shanghai.

(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/Type-002-Chinas-2nd-Aircraft-Carrier-to-be-Commissioned-by-Year-end-1-1024x676.jpg)

(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/Type-002-Chinas-2nd-Aircraft-Carrier-to-be-Commissioned-by-Year-end-2-1024x683.jpg)

(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/Type-002-Chinas-2nd-Aircraft-Carrier-to-be-Commissioned-by-Year-end-3-1024x683.jpg)

(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/Type-002-Chinas-2nd-Aircraft-Carrier-to-be-Commissioned-by-Year-end-4-1024x685.jpg)

(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/Type-002-Chinas-2nd-Aircraft-Carrier-to-be-Commissioned-by-Year-end-5-1024x680.jpg)

The 2nd Chinese aircraft carrier returned to Dalian port on August 23. Note the tire marks on the flight deck.

While state media have not disclosed any details on the latest sea trials of “Type 002” (whose name and hull number are still unknown) it is our understanding that it took place in the Yellow Sea, in a maritime area measuring 3,387 km² and bounded by a perimeter of 233 km.
The tests seem to have been organized in two stages, first from August 1st to 4th which is announced by the LN-0148 maritime safety notification, then from August 6th to 22nd by another LN-0159 notification for the exact same area. Civil or unauthorized ships are advised not to enter the perimeter for “military maneuvers”.

Although the Chinese navy has not yet received its new aircraft carrier, and therefore the data are not yet complete, the comparison of sea trial times initiated by the aircraft carrier Liaoning and its quasi-sister-ship gives provides us with some interesting findings.
For example, we can see that it was not until the 9th set of trials that Liaoning made its longest 25-day trial, while the “Type 002” did it on its 7th outing.
The new Chinese aircraft carrier also made shorter outings, averaging less than 9 days on its first 6 outings, before reaching its long test run, compared with more than 10 days on average for Liaoning’s 8 first outings.
In short, the outings of the “Type 002” are shorter, more spaced out, but also less numerous, at least according to the figures to date. This could therefore suggest an evolution of the test program as well as the military standards associated with the aircraft carriers in the Chinese Navy but also in the naval industry, made possible probably by the feedback from Liaoning.


https://www.navalnews.com/naval-news/2019/09/type-002-chinas-2nd-aircraft-carrier-to-be-commissioned-by-year-end/
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Vitor Santos em Setembro 20, 2019, 09:31:59 pm
Marinha Chinesa: Arte em 3D dos navios atuais e planejados

(https://www.naval.com.br/blog/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/PLA-Navy-1-1024x476.jpg)

As artes em 3D de autoria de 大包00, representam os navios de guerra de superfície da Marinha do Exército de Libertação Popular da China (PLA Navy) que estão na água, em construção ou “confirmados” para meados de 2020. Não estão incluídos os navios de apoio nem os submarinos.

O porta-aviões Type 003 que lidera a formatura é especulativo, seja no número da catapulta e número do elevadores. Este navio atualmente encontra-se em construção.

Nas ilustrações aparecem também os porta-aviões Liaoning e Type 001A (também referido como Type 002), três futuros porta-helicópteros Type 075, oito LPDs Type 071, destróieres Type 055, Type 052, fragatas Type 054A e no final as corvetas Type 056.

Na contagem de navios, aparecem menos fragatas Type 054A do que existem na vida real (30 navios) e também aparecem menos destróieres Type 055 do que o projetado para serem construídos nos próximos anos também.
Em 2009, a China tinha apenas 30 navios de superfície, em 2019 são 127 navios,  sem contar os submarinos e navios auxiliares.

Em 2017 a China lançou ao mar de 175 mil toneladas de navios de guerra e, em 2018, ultrapassou o ritmo de produção naval militar dos EUA.

Em 2009 a PLA Navy não tinha porta-aviões, em 2019 contará com duas unidades, uma delas totalmente construída na China.

Este ano será lançado o primeiro porta-helicópteros Type 075 e mais dois estão em construção.

A PLA Navy se tornará a quinta maior Marinha da história, com uma tonelagem total de mais de 2 milhões de toneladas. Também se tornará a segunda maior Marinha em termos de navios de superfície, atrás somente da Marinha dos EUA.]

(https://www.naval.com.br/blog/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/PLA-Navy-2.jpg)

FONTE: https://www.naval.com.br/blog/2019/09/20/marinha-chinesa-arte-em-3d-dos-navios-atuais-e-planejados/
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Setembro 26, 2019, 06:45:01 am
https://mobile.twitter.com/dafengcao/status/1177085089865297920
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Setembro 26, 2019, 05:12:07 pm
https://www.defense-aerospace.com/article-view/release/206187/china-launches-first-amphibious-ship.html
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Novembro 21, 2019, 10:14:06 am
PLAN trials underway replenishment from commercial ships

Andrew Tate, London - Jane's Defence Weekly
20 November 2019


China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) has conducted replenishment at sea (RAS) trials using commercial ships, according to a 16 November report in the Global Times newspaper. It described this as “a new approach to facilitate warship supplies in distant waters”.

According to the report, the trials tested a modular rig designed by the PLAN’s Naval Research Institute that can be temporarily installed on the deck of a commercial vessel to enable the transfer of solid stores. The rig has an electrically operated winch to maintain the correct tension in the jackstay line as the distance between the two ships fluctuates while they sail parallel courses during the transfer.

https://www.janes.com/article/92735/plan-trials-underway-replenishment-from-commercial-ships
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Dezembro 18, 2019, 09:06:11 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Dezembro 31, 2019, 05:48:20 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Janeiro 09, 2020, 01:17:11 pm
(https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-Qtd6hdF_5U0/XhB_UBk20JI/AAAAAAAAiYs/7pckZ4W37aIpQVLVJN-gu4c6y14J3DbgwCLcBGAsYHQ/s1600/china%2Badquisiciones%2B2019.jpg)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: goldfinger em Janeiro 14, 2020, 07:05:36 am
PLAN Type 055 Guided Missile Destroyer Nanchang DDG-101.

(https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-N_3ExgSWaOQ/XhudTQEyiSI/AAAAAAAB0Tw/EgHKtuRbT24rBOodSP2PeXuXpJu-tItqQCLcBGAsYHQ/s1600/9l6ftr0dqaa41.jpg)

13.000 toneladas..... :o
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: dc em Janeiro 14, 2020, 01:24:46 pm
É mais um Cruzador que um Destroyer.  ::)
E vejam o número de VLS que o bicho tem.  :o
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Janeiro 15, 2020, 10:13:04 am
É mais um Cruzador que um Destroyer.  ::)
E vejam o número de VLS que o bicho tem.  :o

Citar
The principal armament of the Type 055 class centres around its vertical launch system (VLS), which comprises 64 cells forward of the bridge and 48 cells forward of the hangar. The VLS adopts the same universal silos for the missiles as the Type 052D-class destroyers and can launch HHQ-9 surface-to air-missiles, YJ-18 anti-ship missiles, Yu-8 torpedo carrying anti-submarine missiles and CJ-10 land-attack cruise missiles.
https://www.janes.com/article/93656/chinese-navy-s-first-type-055-class-destroyer-enters-service
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Janeiro 21, 2020, 10:04:06 am
Chinese Type 052D destroyer fitted with possible anti-ship missile decoy launchers

Andrew Tate, London - Jane's Defence Weekly
20 January 2020


(https://www.janes.com/images/assets/809/93809/p1761742_main.jpg)
A view of the stern of PLAN Type 052D destroyer Yinchuan. The warship has been fitted with what appears to be an anti-ship missile countermeasures system. Source: Via eng.chinamil.com.cn

Images have emerged of a Chinese Type 052D (Luyang III)-class destroyer fitted with what appears to be an anti-ship missile countermeasures system.

The photographs, which were taken during the nine-day 'Sea Guardian 2020' maritime exercise between the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) and the Pakistan Navy (PN), show that the destroyer Yinchuan (pennant number 175) has been modified, with a pair of tubes installed on each side of the hangar roof, which appear to be roughly 500 mm in diameter and perhaps 2 m in length.

The system is similar in appearance to the US Navy's (USN's) Mk 59 decoy launch system, which can deploy an expendable inflatable decoy designed to seduce an incoming anti-ship missile. The Mk 59 was first fitted to Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Ramage in late 2013.

The joint 'Sea Guardian 2020' exercise, which ended on 14 January, involved four PLAN surface vessels, two PN frigates and two missile boats, together with embarked helicopters and a total of about 120 marines.

The exercise was held in two parts, with shore-side briefings followed by a 72-hour phase at sea.

At the outset of the exercise the PLA-sponsored ChinaMil.com.cn website commented that the exercise was aimed at "enhancing the capabilities of the two navies to jointly cope with maritime terrorism and crime", adding that the manoeuvres had "nothing to do with the regional situation" and were not targeted at any third party.

It also reported that during the concluding debrief Senior Captain Ye Dan, commander of the Chinese naval fleet, had commented that "the first actual troop submarine rescue exercise at sea greatly improved the emergency underwater rescue capabilities of the two navies".

https://www.janes.com/article/93809/chinese-type-052d-destroyer-fitted-with-possible-anti-ship-missile-decoy-launchers
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Fevereiro 13, 2020, 01:15:56 pm
Naval
As China expands navy, US begins stockpiling ship-killing missiles

By: David B. Larter    1 day ago

(https://www.armytimes.com/resizer/ApYFL8uYIyuD5UXRfpOHf-whTbg=/1200x0/filters:quality(100)/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-mco.s3.amazonaws.com/public/VK3XBYMMXJFJHELOUXY2WODENE.jpg)
A rendering of Lockheed Martin's Long-Range Anti-Ship Missile. (Courtesy of Lockheed Martin)

WASHINGTON – The stunning growth of the Chinese fleet over the past decade has prompted the U.S. Navy to plan a full-on buying spree of ship-killing missiles over the next five years, according to projections in the sea service’s Fiscal Year 2021 budget documents.

In his opening remarks before rolling out the Navy’s new spending request, the service’s budget director pointed directly at China’s expanding naval force as aiding U.S. budget priorities.

“China has grown their battle fleet to about 335 surface ships, and that’s occurred over the last 10 years as they’ve shifted from a build-up of their homeland defense forces and moved to the sea in an expansionist role around the globe,” Rear Adm. Randy Crites said.

“As we look to the future of even greater global trade and greater unpredictability, American naval power has never been more important.”

The Navy’s proposed 2021 budget calls for buying 850 missiles between the years 2020 and 2021 with the sole function of seeking and destroying enemy ships at range.

The anti-ship missile buying binge comes as experts project the People’s Liberation Army Navy’s fleet will balloon to as many as 420 vessels by 2035. By comparison, the 2016 budget request contained just 88 sole-purpose anti-ship missiles to be procured across a five-year plan.

And while shipbuilding might have faltered in 2021, the Navy’s budget for weapons procurement of all kinds increased by $800 million over 2020′s $4.1 billion request.

The proposed 2021 weapons procurement budget rose $1.7 billion over the 2016 request just five years ago.

The funds could be used to buy Lockheed Martin’s F/A-18 E/F Super Hornet-launched Long-Range Anti-Surface Missile, developed jointly with the Defense Research Projects Agency.

It incorporates target recognition, some level of autonomous routing and extended range for killing enemy ships at a significant standoff. The unclassified range is more than 200 nautical miles.

The Navy’s 2017 budget submission bought 10 LRASMs, and projected buying 25 per year until 2020, for a total purchase of 85 missiles. Today, the inventory (including 2020’s request for 17 LRASMs) stands at about 99 missiles.

By requesting to boost its stealthy missile inventory by 48 weapons, the Navy’s inventory will increase 50 percent, with plans to order 48 annually for the next four years, according to the service’s Fiscal Year 2021 budget documents.

All told, the Navy wants to acquire 210 of the missiles between 2020 and 2025.

(https://www.armytimes.com/resizer/kvqwqnI8iM_ux3LBMkhm0wqVa3E=/600x0/filters:quality(100)/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-mco.s3.amazonaws.com/public/GEBIM4TLHFHFZEM3ML6KUUHI2I.jpg)
An image of the Long-Range Anti-Ship Missile. (Courtesy of Lockheed Martin)

And that’s not the only missile the Navy is eyeing for 2021.

The Navy wants to continue upgrading Raytheon’s Tomahawk missile into a “Maritime Strike Tomahawk,” which incorporates a seeker and some level of target discrimination so it can shift midair to hit a moving target.

https://www.defensenews.com/naval/2020/02/11/as-china-continues-rapid-naval-expansion-the-us-navy-begins-stockpiling-ship-killing-missiles/


Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Março 24, 2020, 07:06:27 pm
(https://funkyimg.com/i/33mGb.png)

 :arrow: https://www.cavok.com.br/blog/mesmo-com-pandemia-do-covid-19-marinha-chinesa-mantem-exercicios-com-seu-porta-avioes-liaoning/?fbclid=IwAR0OAVz9B5cVRHNgvgCrPl_6P-7ZIjaw8uAn7LZB4BTakEcLhoZH8w-j2uk
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Cabeça de Martelo em Abril 15, 2020, 11:46:11 am
Citar
As ações assertivas da China continuam apesar da disseminação do COVID-19
Dr. Satoru Nagao
(https://english.khabarhub.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/China-Assertive.jpg)
15 de abril de 2020
As ações assertivas da China continuam apesar da disseminação do COVID-19

Diante da pandemia do COVID-19, a principal prioridade para a maioria dos países tem sido interromper a propagação do vírus.

A China, por outro lado, continua suas assertivas operações militares em toda a região indo-pacífica, apesar de ser o primeiro país a sofrer com o vírus.

Todos os dias, de 4 de março a 4 de abril, a China enviava navios de guarda costeira ao redor da Ilha Senkaku do Japão. Em 16 de março, os navios da Guarda Costeira da China dispararam um tiro e atingiram um navio de guarda costeira de Taiwan perto de Little Kinmen.

Em 4 de abril, um navio da Guarda Costeira da China atingiu o barco de pesca vietnamita, afundando-o perto das Ilhas Paracel, no Mar da China Meridional.

A Guarda Costeira da China também deteve dois navios vietnamitas que tentavam resgatar oito tripulantes do navio afundado. A China continuou a fortalecer suas ilhas artificiais no Mar do Sul da China, abrindo duas novas instalações de pesquisa em março.

As instalações realizarão pesquisas que contribuem para a defesa dessas ilhas artificiais e o envio de tropas chinesas.

    Para manter os adversários longe da infraestrutura costeira crítica, a China tem mobilizado forças armadas e construído ilhas artificiais.

Mesmo no Oceano Índico, a China implantou doze drones subaquáticos chamados “Sea Wing”. De dezembro de 2019 a fevereiro de 2020, esses drones coletaram informações científicas de apoio às atividades submarinas.

Além disso, em fevereiro, quatro navios de guerra da Marinha da China, incluindo um destróier 052D e um navio de reabastecimento, viajaram 300 km das costas do Havaí.

A localização do 052D era particularmente ameaçadora porque seu míssil de cruzeiro YJ-18, com alcance de 500 km, poderia chegar à sede do Comando do Pacífico dos EUA.

Essas atividades ilustram que, enquanto o resto do mundo concentra seus esforços no combate ao COVID-19, o comportamento agressivo da China em relação a seus vizinhos permanece inalterado.

Motivação da China

O surto de COVID-19 teve pouco efeito sobre os objetivos da China ou seus esforços para atender a duas principais preocupações de segurança: a primeira preocupação é a defesa das áreas costeiras da China: muitas cidades e áreas industriais ao longo da costa são essenciais para o desenvolvimento econômico da China.

    Para combater a ameaça que os EUA e a Índia podem representar, a China decidiu estabelecer uma presença no Sul da Ásia. A China iniciou a construção de um porto no Sri Lanka e também está construindo portos em outros países que fazem fronteira com o Oceano Índico, como o Paquistão, Bangladesh e Mianmar.

Para manter os adversários longe da infraestrutura costeira crítica, a China tem mobilizado forças armadas e construído ilhas artificiais.

Além disso, a China não apenas visa impedir a invasão do inimigo perto de suas águas costeiras - no Mar da China Oriental, perto de Taiwan e no Mar da China Meridional -, mas está impulsionando sua atividade defensiva até o Havaí.

De grande preocupação, a China também pode estar procurando implantar uma arma nuclear no Mar da China Meridional, o que tornaria sua linha defensiva praticamente invencível.

Se a China implantasse submarinos com armas nucleares no Mar da China Meridional, os EUA precisariam tomar muito cuidado para evitar um conflito que poderia se transformar em uma guerra nuclear.

Com a situação tão inflamável, quem pode se arriscar no Mar da China Meridional? Portanto, um submarino com armas nucleares tem o potencial de tornar a fortaleza da China no Mar da China quase impenetrável.

Outra preocupação de segurança é o "dilema de Malaca." O desenvolvimento econômico da China depende das linhas de comunicação marítima (SLOC) que atravessam o estreito de Malaca, controlado pelos EUA.

Um bloqueio do Estreito pela Marinha dos EUA interromperia a atividade econômica da China. Para mitigar esse risco, a China criou novas rotas de energia e comércio: Oriente Médio-Paquistão-China, Oriente Médio-Mianmar-China e outros. Pequim ainda tem motivos de preocupação com a segurança no Oceano Índico.

Para combater a ameaça que os EUA e a Índia podem representar, a China decidiu estabelecer uma presença no Sul da Ásia. A China iniciou a construção de um porto no Sri Lanka e também está construindo portos em outros países que fazem fronteira com o Oceano Índico, como o Paquistão, Bangladesh e Mianmar.

Tanto os EUA quanto a Índia se referem a isso como a estratégia "colar de pérolas", enquanto a China diz que esses projetos fazem parte da Iniciativa do Cinturão e Rota (BRI).

A China destacou forças militares para proteger as rotas, incluindo o estabelecimento de uma base no Djibuti, a realização de pesquisas científicas para apoiar o destacamento de forças e o destacamento de forças navais e terrestres na região do Oceano Índico. presença constante de seis a oito navios de guerra no Oceano Índico.

A resposta dos EUA

A China assumirá o controle dessas áreas? A chave está na resposta dos EUA. Atualmente, os EUA estão aumentando os esforços para impedir as atividades da China.

Em janeiro e fevereiro, a Marinha dos EUA realizou operações de liberdade de navegação nas proximidades das ilhas artificiais da China no mar da China Meridional. Os EUA fizeram isso para demonstrar que a China não podia reivindicar os 20 quilômetros do mar que circunda as ilhas. como águas territoriais.

Em fevereiro, os EUA realizaram exercícios de mísseis de fogo vivo perto do Mar da China Meridional. No final de fevereiro, foi a primeira vez que os caças F-35 dos EUA participaram de exercícios internacionais na Tailândia. Em março, um porta-aviões dos EUA chamou um porto em Vietnam.

No final daquele mês, o presidente Donald Trump assinou a Lei TAIPEI, que visa fortalecer o relacionamento dos EUA com Taiwan.

No entanto, no futuro, o COVID-19 pode moldar significativamente a política chinesa dos EUA - direta e indiretamente - e os EUA estão frustrados porque a China não foi apenas a fonte do vírus, mas também ocultou informações que acabaram levando à sua rápida disseminação global.

A rápida disseminação que pegou tantos desprevenidos levou algumas autoridades americanas a chamar a pandemia de "Pearl Harbor" desta geração. A crise do COVID-19 sem dúvida afetará o resultado da eleição presidencial dos EUA em novembro e as atitudes em relação à China.

Quando os EUA superarem o pico do vírus e reajustarem sua estratégia na China (sob a administração atual ou uma nova), a abordagem escolhida pelos EUA afetará a situação de segurança em todo o Indo-Pacífico.

(O escritor é professor visitante no Instituto Hudson, EUA)

(Instituto do Nepal para cooperação e engajamento internacional (NIICE), think tank independente do Nepal e Khabarhub - o popular portal de notícias do Nepal - se uniram para divulgar artigos de pesquisa do NIICE no Nepal)

https://english.khabarhub.com/2020/15/88899/



Citar
https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20200413/k10012385361000.html (https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20200413/k10012385361000.html)

https://blogos.com/article/450802/

MD japonês disse que esta atento as atividades militares chinesas, segundo ele as atividades militares chinesas estão mais ativas do nunca em quanto o mundo esta preocupado com o corona.
Segundo ele o envio de caças para interceptar aeronaves da China no primeiro trimestre de 2020 foi 152 vezes. [/quote]

Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Abril 22, 2020, 10:04:01 am
(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/China-Launches-2nd-Type-075-LHD-for-the-PLAN-1-770x410.jpg)
The second Type 075 LHD for the PLAN was launched today at the Hudong Zhonghua shipyard in Shanghai.

China Launches 2nd Type 075 LHD For The PLAN

China's second amphibious assault ship, a Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) known as Type 075, was launched in Shanghai today by Hudong Zhonghua shipyard. The vessel is intended for the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN or Chinese Navy).

Xavier Vavasseur  22 Apr 2020

Pictures shared by local ship spotters on Sina Weibo (a Chinese social media platform) this morning show the construction dock where the second Type 075 was assembled being flooded. Other pictures show the vessel being towed by tug boats next to the first amphibious vessel. This is where the shipyard will continue outfitting work over the next few months.

According to local media, tomorrow will mark the 71st anniversary of the founding of the PLAN.

The first-in-class amphibious vessel, which was launched 6 months ago, and is currently at fitting out stage at the shipyard caught on fire one week ago as we reported here. According to local media, both Type 075 ships’ production schedules have already been affected by the nation-wide factory shutdown following the COVID-19 epidemic. While the fire damage looks superficial on the outside, there is no way to tell what kind of damage was done inside the LHD and if the incident will affect the expected start of sea trials.

About China’s Type 075 LHD

(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/China-Launches-2nd-Type-075-LHD-for-the-PLAN-2-1024x768.jpg)
The two Type 075 LHDs, side by side, at the Hudong Zhonghua shipyard in Shanghai.

The Chinese Navy officially started development work on the Type 075 in 2011. The project called for a helicopter carrier displacing more than 30,000 tonnes. Its aim is likely to increase the “vertical” amphibious assault capability with the very mountainous East Coast of Taiwan in mind.

As for its specifications, rumors speak of “36,000 tons of displacement”, “capacity of 28 helicopters”, “diesel engine with the 9,000 kW 16PC2-6B” and “four CIWS including two HQ-10 and two H/PJ-11”.

(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/China-Launches-1st-Type-075-LHD-for-PLAN-3.jpg)
Type 075 compared to similar vessels

While the Type 075 appears to slightly smaller than the U.S. Navy’s LHA, it is larger compared to French or Spanish/Australian LHD equivalents. It is actually pretty close in size to Italy’s future Trieste LHD.

The first Type 075 was constructed in record time (this has become the norm nowadays, for Chinese shipbuilding: extremely fast construction pace that no one can match). A second vessel of the class is about to be launched while a larger version is rumored to be planned.

When fully operational, the new Type 075 LHD will bolster the PLAN’s amphibious capabilities, which today rely on the Type 071 LPD design.

https://www.navalnews.com/naval-news/2020/04/china-launches-2nd-type-075-lhd-for-the-plan/
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Abril 22, 2020, 05:58:34 pm
É claro que a China nesta notícia não empregou tanta pompa e circunstância...  ::) ::)

https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/32980/a-fire-has-broken-out-on-chinas-massive-new-type-075-amphibious-assault-ship?fbclid=IwAR1PSQQCyUyqCkXPQZxPRgmy6gn-XCRd5U-Gyt2hxnjYKNZunDGzbPfGlKg (https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/32980/a-fire-has-broken-out-on-chinas-massive-new-type-075-amphibious-assault-ship?fbclid=IwAR1PSQQCyUyqCkXPQZxPRgmy6gn-XCRd5U-Gyt2hxnjYKNZunDGzbPfGlKg)

Citar
China's first big-deck amphibious assault ship, a huge vessel that was built in a miraculously short amount of time, caught fire on Saturday, April 11th, 2020. Photos and video showing the ship billowing large clouds of black smoke hit Chinese social media earlier in the day. The warship, which is the first of the new Type 075 class, was resting alongside the pier at its birthplace, Hudong–Zhonghua Shipbuilding in Shanghai, when the blaze broke out.

You can and should read all about the Type 075 and why it is a major accomplishment for the rapidly expanding People's Liberation Army Navy in this past piece of ours.

(https://the-drive-3.imgix.net/https%3A%2F%2Fapi.thedrive.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2020%2F04%2F2342345225.jpg%3Fquality%3D85?w=1440&auto=compress%2Cformat&ixlib=js-1.4.1&s=6e0820019622bfe5b2af1372f869d437)

Saudações
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Abril 24, 2020, 09:26:02 am
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Abril 25, 2020, 05:02:06 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Maio 07, 2020, 06:24:07 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Maio 12, 2020, 09:27:12 am
(https://i.ibb.co/p2vpsYs/FB-IMG-15889476947614532-2.jpg) (https://ibb.co/nrsSVxV)
(https://i.ibb.co/3FrQGsn/FB-IMG-15892718206820522.jpg) (https://ibb.co/PWm03Yd)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Maio 18, 2020, 10:11:16 am
Update: China's Marine Corps preparing and training for global role

China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy Marine Corps (PLANMC) is being prepared and trained for a global intervention role before acquiring the full range of equipment it would need to undertake such operations, Chinese state-owned media have reported.

Citing an unnamed military expert, the Global Times reported on 27 April that military developments in China have commonly adopted the approach that “it is better to let trained personnel wait for new weapon developments, than to let weapons that have finished development wait for personnel training”.

(https://www.janes.com/images/default-source/news-images/fg_2832925-jdw-5925.jpg?sfvrsn=da4dead0_2)
PLAN marines embarked on Type 071 LPD Kunlun Shan deploy with the 31st Escort Task Group in December 2018.

On 5 May, the PLA Daily reported that the PLANMC was being transformed into a “multidimensional integrated combat force”, the significance of which probably relates to the generation of an airborne assault capability that will complement the current capabilities of conducting beach assaults from landing ships and air-cushioned vehicles or ‘swimming ashore’ using amphibious assault vehicles.

The report also noted the third dimension of the Marine Corps’ capabilities, which is under water, including special operations such as exiting from a dived submarine via the torpedo tubes.

In a video uploaded to the PLA Navy’s Weibo social media account on 5 May, the role of the Marine Corps was described as “a force to protect China’s overseas interests”.

Expanding on this and the PLA Daily report, the Global Times

https://www.janes.com/defence-news/news-detail/2020/05/15/7bbbfe95-2cfb-4d3f-bdda-5ef0af5f04a9
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: HSMW em Maio 18, 2020, 02:56:53 pm
Em contagem decrescente...
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: typhonman em Maio 19, 2020, 11:28:26 pm
Caso haja estouro com a NATO, (via EUA) mandamos os OPV ?
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: NVF em Maio 20, 2020, 10:09:17 am
Com uns TOW e uns Stinger são navios muito capazes, com a complexidade de fragatas.
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Maio 20, 2020, 10:13:29 am
E as 12.7 dos Tejo
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: dc em Junho 05, 2020, 03:20:02 pm
E as 12.7 dos Tejo

Os Tejo são poderosos navios de primeira linha, não lhes ias retirar os CIWS.  ::)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Junho 16, 2020, 05:40:31 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Junho 23, 2020, 10:24:02 am
22 JUNE 2020 00:00 GMT+0

Chinese navy commissions another Type 056-class corvette

by Andrew Tate

Another Type 056 (Jiangdao)-class corvette has entered service with China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), as reflected in photographs posted on the Chinese Weibo social media platform.

The ship has been given pennant number 617 and named Jingdezhen after a prefecture-level city in China’s northeastern Jiangxi Province. The commissioning ceremony appears to have taken place on 17 June at a naval facility in the eastern coastal city of Xiamen.

The Type 056 design may also be classed as a light frigate, and the latest ship is thought to have joined the 16th frigate squadron, which already operates four Type 056 and two anti-submarine warfare (ASW)-capable Type 056A corvettes.

It is not entirely clear how many Type 056s are now in service, although it is more than 50. Four of the class were commissioned in January but unconfirmed sources suggest that a further six may subsequently have been commissioned this year, prior to Jingdezhen.

Although unconfirmed, the number of commissionings is quite plausible. In January it was assessed that there were at least 20 more of the class that had been launched and were fitting out or undergoing sea trials.

https://www.janes.com/defence-news/news-detail/chinese-navy-commissions-another-type-056-class-corvette
 
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Junho 29, 2020, 03:06:24 pm
(https://i.ibb.co/6mSwRT1/FB-IMG-15934394887940780.jpg)
(https://i.ibb.co/sJTvmLW/FB-IMG-15934394835571631.jpg)
(https://i.ibb.co/qgFQ7sn/FB-IMG-15934394779477750.jpg)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Julho 18, 2020, 12:32:05 pm
https://www.naval.com.br/blog/2020/07/17/marinha-global-da-china-de-olho-no-controle-do-mar-ate-2030-superioridade-em-2049/
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Julho 21, 2020, 10:18:19 am
https://www.defesaaereanaval.com.br/naval/china-intensifica-a-construcao-de-mais-2-porta-avioes
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Julho 24, 2020, 07:31:37 am
(https://thumbor.forbes.com/thumbor/trim/0x11:1399x667/fit-in/711x333/smart/https://specials-images.forbesimg.com/imageserve/5f18b554bef9d9e828f99a3b/0x0.jpg)

https://www.forbes.com/sites/hisutton/2020/07/23/stealth-uavs-could-arm-chinas-type-076-assault-carrier/amp/
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Julho 24, 2020, 07:33:36 am
3º porta-aviões chinês

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EdYoYYxXoAAL0-z?format=png&)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Agosto 08, 2020, 04:42:07 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Setembro 02, 2020, 11:14:44 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Setembro 03, 2020, 08:46:46 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Setembro 04, 2020, 11:02:13 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Cabeça de Martelo em Setembro 05, 2020, 02:55:33 pm
Chinese Navy May Be First To Get Ballistic Missiles
H I Sutton

A Department of Defense report suggests that the Chinese Navy, formally known as the PLAN (People’s Liberation Army Navy), may put anti-ship ballistic missiles (ASBMs) on its new cruisers. These are the weapons dubbed ‘Aircraft Carrier Killers’ because of their massive hitting power. It would be the first time any navy has put this category of weapon on a warship. Chinese Navy cruisers would then be arguably the most heavily armed surface combatants in the world.

(https://specials-images.forbesimg.com/imageserve/5f500c91705fd0ac27ba0c26/960x0.jpg?cropX1=0&cropX2=1450&cropY1=9&cropY2=825)

Artist's impression of a Renhai Class cruiser launching an anti-ship ballistic missile from its aft ...
The 2020 China Military Power Report to Congress says that the new Type-055 Renhai Class cruiser “will likely be able to launch ASBMs and LACMs once these weapons are available”. LACMs refers to land-attack cruise missiles. The report comes in both classified and unclassified forms. In the unclassified version we are not presented with the evidence behind the assertion. But it would be a logical development, and would set Chinese warships apart from all others in the world.

The first Renhai Class cruiser was only commissioned in January of this year. But already the 8th ship has been launched on August 30.

At over 10,000 tons the Renhai Class cruisers are already impressive warships. They are equipped with very large phased-array radars similar to the U.S. Navy’s AEGIS system. The Chinese system is actually newer in terms of some key technologies. It uses AESA (active electronically scanned arrays) while the SPY-1 on American ships uses PESA (passive electronically scanned array). Data is not available on the performances and combat effectiveness of the overall systems however.

And they are armed with 112 launch cells for missiles, called a VLS (vertical launch system). This is more than the U.S. Navy's Arleigh Burke-class destroyers but fewer than the Ticonderoga-class cruisers. It should also be noted that smaller missiles can be multi-loaded on the U.S. warships.

China’s anti-ship ballistic missile is the CSS-5 Mod 5, better known as the DF-21D. The 35 ft long missile has a maneuverable reentry vehicle (MaRV) which allows it to adjust its course to hit the ship. It has a range of over 900 miles and is specifically intended to threaten aircraft carriers. The longer ranged DF-26 missile is also believed to be capable to targeting warships. Currently these missiles are shore based using a mobile truck launchers. But arming cruisers with an equivalent weapon could be a game changer, extending their reach further into the Pacific.


According to Captain Chris Carlson, a former senior U.S. intelligence officer and technical intelligence expert, it will likely be a newly developed weapon. The DF-21D is too large to fit inside the existing VLS aboard the Renhai Class. So either a modified VLS, or a new weapon. Carlson suspects the latter. There is currently no evidence that a new ASBM has been tested however so this may be some years off.

The current armament of the Renhai Class includes HHQ-9 surface-to-air missiles. These are, in the broadest sense, equivalent to the U.S. Navy’s RIM-66 Standard family of missiles. They have a maximum range of nearly 200 miles against aircraft. The Chinese system appears to lack the anti-ballistic missile (ABM) capabilities of the U.S. system however.

Also in the VLS are YJ-18A ‘Eagle Strike’ anti-ship missiles. These have a reported range of 330 miles and hit their targets at supersonic speeds. The ASBM will greatly increase this anti-ship firepower. Possibly in the future DH-10 land attack cruise missiles (LACMs) will be added. These will likely already fit inside the existing VLS.

Anti-ship ballistic missiles are not the only cutting-edge weapons which the Chinese Navy is pioneering. They already have a ship with a rail gun. This first ship is likely to be a test bed and rail guns have not been seen on the Renhai Class. The publicly available version of the DoD report does not mention rail guns at all, so possibly this will only ever be an experiment.

The Chinese Navy is massively expanding its capabilities. The anti-ship ballistic missiles are a prime example of this, as is the Renhai Class cruiser. Marrying the two appears to be a natural step, and one which will mark the PLAN out as an innovative navy.

https://www.forbes.com/sites/hisutton/2020/09/03/chinese-navy-cruisers-may-be-first-to-get-ballistic-missiles/#37adb0b4372a
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Setembro 12, 2020, 04:09:17 pm
07 SEPTEMBER 2020

Update: US report highlights Chinese focus on near seas as it eyes greater overseas projection
by Michael Fabey

The recently released Pentagon report on the Chinese military force underscores China’s desire to protect its regional maritime interests even as the Asian giant looks to develop greater reach abroad.

“Today’s PLAN (People’s Liberation Army Navy) is oriented toward fighting the US in the East and South China seas,” Bryan Clark, senior fellow at the Hudson Institute, told Janes on 2 September, shortly after the report was released. “The trajectory of the PLA, however, is toward a force that could challenge the US overseas.”

Released 31 August, the report, Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2020, Annual Report to Congress, said, “The PLAN remains engaged in a robust shipbuilding programme for surface combatants, producing new guided-missile cruisers (CGs), guided-missile destroyers (DDGs), and corvettes (FFLs).”

The Pentagon reported, “These assets will significantly upgrade the PLAN’s air defence, anti-ship, and anti-submarine capabilities and will be critical as the PLAN expands its operations beyond the range of the PLA’s shore-based air defence systems.”

In December 2019 the Pentagon noted, China launched the sixth Renhai-class cruiser (Type 055) and was set to commission the first hull of the class in early 2020. The Renhai carry a large load out of weapons including anti-ship cruise missiles (ASCMs), surface-to-air missiles (SAMs), and anti-submarine weapons along with likely land-attack cruise missiles (LACMs) and anti-ship ballistic missiles (ASBMs) when those become operational.

(https://www.janes.com/images/default-source/news-images/fg_3668353-jni-7855.jpg?sfvrsn=bc081089_2)
Nanchang , the first of the PLAN’s Type 055-class destroyers, took part in a fleet review held on 23 April off the northern port city of Qingdao. (Artyom Ivanov/TASS via Getty Images)

https://www.janes.com/defence-news/news-detail/us-report-highlights-chinese-focus-on-near-seas-as-it-eyes-greater-overseas-projection_12124
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: goldfinger em Janeiro 04, 2021, 09:35:32 am
(https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-O_MV9FHvRA4/X_FXR5O5qtI/AAAAAAAB7jM/jZ1bZNeia5cn55b7WTZHbiWdU9LuToCxQCLcBGAsYHQ/s2048/EqnPD__VkAA1u9X.jpg)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: dc em Janeiro 17, 2021, 08:59:26 pm
https://news.usni.org/2021/01/16/chinese-survey-ship-caught-running-dark-give-clues-to-underwater-drone-operations (https://news.usni.org/2021/01/16/chinese-survey-ship-caught-running-dark-give-clues-to-underwater-drone-operations)

Para os que deixam os chineses vir para as nossas águas "estudar" o fundo dos oceanos, isto devia servir para abrir os olhos. Digo eu.
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Janeiro 19, 2021, 11:07:35 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Fevereiro 03, 2021, 06:40:59 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: dc em Fevereiro 05, 2021, 04:39:18 pm
https://www.navalnews.com/naval-news/2021/02/first-image-of-chinas-new-nuclear-submarine-under-construction/ (https://www.navalnews.com/naval-news/2021/02/first-image-of-chinas-new-nuclear-submarine-under-construction/)
(https://g7a6v6x7.rocketcdn.me/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/China-New-Submarine-Under-Construction.jpg)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Fevereiro 18, 2021, 09:57:49 am
17 FEBRUARY 2021

Chinese navy commissions final two Jiangdao-class corvettes

by Andrew Tate

China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) has commissioned the final two Jiangdao-class corvettes, bringing the total number of vessels of the class in PLAN service to 72, according to Chinese state-owned media.

The final two ships to enter service – both of which are of the anti-submarine warfare (ASW)-capable Type 056A variant – are Nanyang (pennant number 619) and Shangqiu (618). They were commissioned on 30 January and early February, respectively, although the locations of the ceremonies were not disclosed.

(https://www.janes.com/images/default-source/news-images/fg_3898606-jdw-10588.jpg?sfvrsn=59c1d55_2)
A screengrab from CCTV 7 footage released on 16 February shows Type 056A corvette Nanyang . The vessel (pennant number 619), along with Shangqiu (618), are the final two ships of the Jiangdao class to enter service with the PLAN.

Photographs of two other ships of the class, with pennant numbers 636 and 637, appeared online in early February and showed the vessels flying pennants normally associated with commissioning/decommissioning ceremonies, suggesting that these ships also entered service recently. Although the monikers are unconfirmed, online sources give the names of these ships as Jining and Shiyan , respectively.

The Jiangdao class comprises 22 Type 056 and 50 Type 056A variants. All vessels are equipped with a 76 mm gun and four deck-mounted missile launchers capable of firing YJ-83 anti-ship missiles and Yu-8 torpedo-carrying anti-submarine projectiles. The key difference between the two variants is that the Type 056A is equipped with a towed passive sonar line array and a towed active variable depth sonar, which should give the platforms a significant ASW capability.

https://www.janes.com/defence-news/news-detail/chinese-navy-commissions-final-two-jiangdao-class-corvettes

Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Fevereiro 27, 2021, 05:15:35 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Março 10, 2021, 08:27:04 am
(https://i.ibb.co/BGpvBn5/Screenshot-20210310-082439-2.png)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Abril 16, 2021, 10:36:38 am
China’s New Aircraft Carrier Is In Same League As US Navy’s Ford Class

The Chinese Navy is radically modernizing its capabilities. Chief among these are a fleet of aircraft carriers. A new satellite image clearly shows the Type-003 aircraft carrier taking shape in Shanghai, and it is the largest so far.

(https://g7a6v6x7.rocketcdn.me/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/Chinese-Navy-Aircraft-Carrier-Dry-Dock-SCS-770x410.jpg.webp)
(https://g7a6v6x7.rocketcdn.me/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/Chinese-Navy-Type-003-Aircraft-Carrier-770x410.jpg.webp)

H I Sutton 15 Apr 2021

A new aircraft carrier being built in Shanghai is significantly larger than the current two in service with the Chinese Navy (PLAN – People’s liberation Army Navy). Combined with the expected CATOBAR configuration, where jets are launched by a catapult and recovered using arrestor gear, it should also be able to carry heavier planes. This should further increase the potency, survivability and PLAN’s reach.

The Type-003 is, in overall terms, similar in size the the U.S. Navy’s super carriers.

The flight deck will be much larger but we will only be able to get measurements once it is constructed. However based on the dimensions of the lower hull we can say with confidence that the new carrier is, in overall terms, similar in size to the American ships. It is unlikely to be quite as large, so they will remain the largest warships of any navy. But it will be a close, at least until France builds its PANG carrier.

The above satellite image allows us to estimate its waterline length at about 300 meters (985 feet). This is slightly less than the Ford Class’ 317 meters (1,040 feet) but longer than the previous carriers. China’s Type-001 Liaoning and Type-002 Shandong carriers are about 270 meters (885 feet) long at the waterline.

The catapult take-off will be a step up in capabilities to the existing Chinese carriers. These use a short take-off but arrested recovery (STOBAR) system with a ski-jump bow. It seems likely that without a catapult fitted, the earlier two will not be able to operate the new KJ-600 plane. This airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) aircraft is China’s analogue to the E-2D Advanced Hawkeye. It promises to greatly increase the situational awareness of the carrier battle group. With this plane the Type-003 will make the PLAN one of only three navies with fixed winger carrier based AEW, joining the US Navy and Marine Nationale (French Navy).

One significant difference compared to the Ford Class is that the Type-003 is not expected to use nuclear propulsion. But it should still have a more modern propulsion system than the Soviet era steam turbines on the Liaoning and Shandong. Whether it uses advanced electric drive, known as integrated electric propulsion, remains to be seen however. While the lack of nuclear propulsion may limit its operational range, at-sea replenishment ships will travel with it to keep it topped up.

Another advanced technology often talked about with respect of the Type-003 is EMALS (electro-magnetic aircraft launch system). This takes the place of a traditional steam catapult. It is mechanically simpler and, in theory, will allow for more rapid take-offs. However the first system in the world, aboard the USS Ford, has reportedly suffered teething problems. Whether there is a surprise in store for the PLAN is hard to judge. In general the Chinese Navy do things their own way and are forging ahead, gaining valuable at-sea experience all the time.

It is not just the U.S. Navy that the Chinese carriers will be compared to. Possibly in response to the PLAN’s carrier program Japan is converting two of its current helicopter carriers to carry jets. And South Korea is also planning a carrier. Larger carriers from elsewhere may also start appearing in the region. The Royal Navy’s Queen Elizabeth class carriers are expected to operate in the Pacific.


But the closest equivalent, in terms of size and configuration, is likely to be France’s next carrier. The PANG (Porte-avions de nouvelle génération) will have a waterline length of 305 meters (1,000 feet). Its flight deck will actually be shorter however at 300 meters (984 ft). Unlike the Chinese carrier (but like the carrier it will replace, Charles de Gaulle), PANG will be nuclear powered. But they are otherwise roughly similar in size.

The assembly of the Type-003 is quite rapid now and more super-modules can be seen on the dock side in the satellite image. Soon the flight deck will start to take shape and we may get a clearer view of its final dimensions.

https://www.navalnews.com/naval-news/2021/04/chinas-new-aircraft-carrier-is-in-same-league-as-us-navys-ford-class/

Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Abril 25, 2021, 04:20:12 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Vitor Santos em Abril 27, 2021, 12:51:52 am
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Maio 15, 2021, 06:24:43 pm
https://mobile.twitter.com/CavasShips/status/1393613756832395268
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: dc em Maio 15, 2021, 10:20:34 pm
"Combate à pirataria".  :mrgreen:

Não deixa de ser curioso que de todos os cantos do mundo, só nós é que combatemos pirataria com navios desarmados.  :bang:
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Maio 19, 2021, 08:18:47 am
(https://ic.pics.livejournal.com/dambiev/74651708/4580864/4580864_1000.jpg)
Projeto 075 Navio de assalto anfíbio do Projeto 075 Hainan. Entrou na Frota Sul do PLA em 23 de abril de 2021.


(https://ic.pics.livejournal.com/dambiev/74651708/4581342/4581342_1000.jpg)
Destruidor do Projeto 055 Lhasa (casco número 102) Ela entrou na Frota do Norte da Marinha do PLA em 2 de março de 2021.

(https://ic.pics.livejournal.com/dambiev/74651708/4581527/4581527_1000.jpg)
O destróier do projeto 055 "Dalian" (casco número 105) juntou-se à Frota Sul da Marinha do PLA em 23 de abril de 2021.

(https://ic.pics.livejournal.com/dambiev/74651708/4581721/4581721_1000.png)
Destruidor do projeto 052DL "Suzhou" (cauda número 132). Entrou para a Frota Oriental da Marinha do PLA no início de 2021.

(https://ic.pics.livejournal.com/dambiev/74651708/4581913/4581913_1000.jpg)
Destruidor do projeto 052DL "Huainan" (cauda número 123). Entrou para a Frota do Norte do PLA no início de 2021.

(https://ic.pics.livejournal.com/dambiev/74651708/4582180/4582180_1000.jpg)
Destruidor do projeto 052D "Kaifeng" (cauda número 124). Entrou para a Frota do Norte do PLA em abril de 2021.

(https://ic.pics.livejournal.com/dambiev/74651708/4583113/4583113_1000.jpg)
Projeto 056A corveta "Tianmen" (cauda número 631). Entrou para a Frota Sul do PLA no início de 2021.

(https://ic.pics.livejournal.com/dambiev/74651708/4583246/4583246_1000.jpg)
Projeto 056A corvetas "Jining" (cauda número 636) e "Shiyan" (cauda número 637). Os navios entraram na Frota Oriental da Marinha do PLA no início de fevereiro de 2021.

(https://ic.pics.livejournal.com/dambiev/74651708/4583526/4583526_1000.jpg)
Projeto 056A corvetas "Shanyu" (cauda número 618) e "Nanyang" (placa número 619). Os navios entraram na Frota Oriental da Marinha do PLA no início de fevereiro de 2021.

(https://ic.pics.livejournal.com/dambiev/74651708/4583870/4583870_1000.jpg)
Projeto 056A corveta "Pingdingshan" (cauda número 602). Entrou para a Frota do Norte do PLA em março de 2021.


(https://ic.pics.livejournal.com/dambiev/74651708/4584105/4584105_1000.png)
(https://ic.pics.livejournal.com/dambiev/74651708/4584372/4584372_1000.jpg)
Projeto Minesweepers 082II "Huimin" (cauda número 813), "Zhijiang" (cauda número 815) e "Heijiangjian" (cauda número 812). Os dois primeiros caça-minas entraram na Frota Norte da Marinha do PLA, e o terceiro - na Frota Sul da Marinha do PLA no início de 2021.

(https://ic.pics.livejournal.com/dambiev/74651708/4584669/4584669_1000.jpg)
Submarino nuclear estratégico "Grande campanha 18" / 長征 18 do projeto 094 (cauda número 421). Ela se juntou às forças submarinas do PLA em 23 de abril de 2021.
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Maio 21, 2021, 08:42:00 am
Novo LHD

(https://i.ibb.co/9Gfs8Y4/FB-IMG-16215827961201464.jpg)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Maio 31, 2021, 05:49:45 pm
(https://i.ibb.co/8XhPf7N/FB-IMG-16224795184760781.jpg)
(https://i.ibb.co/VBWR0r0/Screenshot-20210531-174540-2.png)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Junho 03, 2021, 11:10:02 am
(https://i.ibb.co/4TBY11k/FB-IMG-16227148057690956.jpg)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: NVF em Junho 03, 2021, 01:52:16 pm
Fónix, os chineses até já sacaram os planos do EMALS! Não está nada mal, não senhor.
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Junho 08, 2021, 01:58:33 pm
(https://g7a6v6x7.rocketcdn.me/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/Chinese-Navy-FC-31-Carrier-Fighter-Plane-770x410.jpg.webp)

First Sighting Of New Stealth Fighter For Chinese Navy Aircraft Carrier

The Chinese Navy is massively expanding its fleet, with at least three aircraft carriers at its vanguard. Yet these lack low-observable fighters. But that is expected to change. A new image offers the first look at the new stealthy fighter.

H I Sutton 08 Jun 2021

Overshadowed by the Chengdu J-20 stealth fighter, the Shenyang FC-31 may be the China’s dark horse. The J-20 has already entered service with the Chinese Air Force (PLAAF) and is, broadly, their equivalent of the F-22 Raptor. The FC-31 meanwhile is seen as a cheaper and less capable alternative. And significantly it was a private project by Shenyang Aircraft Corporation so does not get the same level of government support.

Yet while the early focus was on potential exports, it now seems that the FC-31 could be a step-change for the Chinese Navy (PLAN). There are strong indications that the FC-31, not the J-20, will be the next carrier-based fighter.

The FC-31 is a medium-sized fighter, generally in the same class as the FA-18E Super Hornet and F-35 Lightning-II. And the French Dassault Rafale, or the MiG-29K Fulcrum carried aboard Indian carriers. In generational terms it is closest to the F-35 and is often compared to it. Its layout resembles a mix of F-35 and F-22 Raptor features.

The airframe complies with the new norms of stealthy aircraft design. Carefully aligned angles, a mix of sharp chines and blended surfaces, and sawtooth edges to panels. Over the course of its development, since its first flight in 2013. Three prototypes have flown with the latest, in 2020, being considered closer to a production aircraft.

A internal weapons bay spans the lower fuselage a lot like the F-22. This can carry the PL-15 medium range air-air missile. Like the F-35, additional weapons can be carried in underwing hardpoints. These will increase the aircraft’s radar cross-section so they are not normally seen.

The reason that we are now talking more confidently about the prospect of an FC-31 carrier fighter is because of a concrete aircraft carrier. The fake carrier is seen as a leading indicator of future equipment. A full-size model of a stealth plane has appeared on the concrete carrier in recent weeks. Based on the available photo, Naval News believes that this represents an FC-31 variant.

The concrete carrier, a full-sized mock-up of a real Chinese Navy aircraft carrier, was built at Wuhan over 10 years ago. It is a serious development and evaluation site, used to test the most basic design features. Building aircraft carriers, even in China, is incredibly expensive. Such a monumental national investment needs to be de-risked. One of the most embarrassing mistakes, which could easily be made in any country, would be to build something which looks great on paper but is impractical in reality. Small things like the visibility from the island, the parking areas on deck or the way aircraft are moved.

https://www.navalnews.com/naval-news/2021/06/first-sighting-of-new-stealth-fighter-for-chinese-navy-aircraft-carrier/
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Junho 25, 2021, 10:15:05 am
(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/New-Chinese-Navy-Yuan-Class-Submarine-2021-770x410.jpg)

Click to Enlarge. The new submarine, part of the Yuan family of designs, features a distinctive stealthy sail. A chine runs along the upper part creating sloping surfaces which may be intended to reduce the radar cross-section when surfaced.

The New Mystery Submarine Seen In China: What We Know

At the height of the Cold War defense analysts often tried to piece together information about a new types of submarine seen outside shipyards. Today this is playing out again, only in China. A new submarine, with an unusual sail, has recently emerged.
H I Sutton  25 Jun 2021

The ability to keep your submarine designs secret may confer a tactical or strategic advantage in the future. Yet they are also massive projects which most countries cannot keep completely secret. The US Navy’s submarine building plans for example, are known years in advance. Not in China. On May 12 2021 we got our first view of a new submarine which was ready to be launched at a shipyard in Wuhan. This creates a lot of analysis, and some wild speculation.

Since May a brief segment of video and another candid photograph have come to light, enabling a deeper analysis. The submarine is currently on the Huangpu River in Shanghai, in the vicinity of 31°15’22.49″N, 121°32’38.71″E.

Before dealing with what we know, we should highlight something which we do not. We don’t know it’s name or designation.

Western observers have taken to referring to it as the Type-039C or –D. The last letter refers to it being either the third or forth (depending on who you ask) major variant of the existing Type-039A Yuan Class. These letters, including for the previous -B model, have been given by Western observers. Although they are widely used in defense circles, and I myself have been guilty of this, the Chinese Navy hasn’t shared their actual designations. So all of these might be wrong.

By far the most distinctive feature of the new submarine is the sail. This has an angled upper section with an angled chine running along it. The angles created resemble the fuselages of stealth fighter planes and may reduce its radar cross-section when it is on the surface. This would make it more stealthy when entering or leaving port. We can speculate that it may have hydrodynamic advantages, such as reducing the wake while at periscope depth.

(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/Chinese-Navy-Yuan-Class-Submarine-Shanghai-1024x576.jpg)
The mystery submarine is currently in a river in Shanghai. Despite masses of people nearby photos are still extremely rare. Includes material © CNES 2021, Distribution Airbus DS all rights reserved / PLEIADES satellite imagery. Acquired through ShadowBreak Intl

The reshaped sail also creates significant volume near its top which may be used to house new systems. However, overall the sail is not larger than the previous Yuan class boats. So unless there is a significant reduction in the size of the masts, it seems unlikely that houses anything substantial.

Swedish Influence? The A-26 Class
Because of the angled sail there is a natural comparison with the Swedish A-26 Blekinge Class submarine. Superficially it look similar. And it is possible that the Swedish design, which has been public for many years, was an inspiration. But on closer examination there is only a general resemblance and they are actually quite different.

The Swedish submarine features much more blended lines with a curved leading edge of the sail merging seamlessly into the casing. The Chinese boat has a much straighter leading edge and less blended lower section. The hydroplanes are also positioned differently with the Swedish ones being along the line of the chine. The Chinese boat has them in the same position as previous Yuan class boats, which places them lower and further forward.

Unlike many countries building non-nuclear submarines, including the Swedes, Chinese designers have not adopted X-form rudders. Instead the traditional cruciform arrangement is retained. The upper rudder now has a towed array sonar (TAS) cable running through it. This may hint at a significant sensor upgrade for the class as previous Yuans had not been reported with towed arrays.

While comparisons with the Swedish A-26 are natural, it is worth noting that Chinese designers have come up with similar ideas in the past. Angled faces where added to the upper section of aType-035 Ming class submarine in around 2010. Only a small part was modified so it wouldn’t have had much effect when the boat was fully surfaced. But it may have been beneficial when only this section was above the waves.

It’s also too long ago to suggest that it was directly related to the new submarine, but it shows that the thinking was already there. So with this in mind observers should not rush to brand the new boat a copy of the A-26.

Overall the Swedish A-26 is a less compromised design, while the Chinese one is constrained by the pre-existing structure of the Yuan class. In essence it is a radical reshaping of the sail and, to an extent the casing, but still on the same frame.

(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/SAAB-A-26-Submarine.jpg)
The Swedish A-26 Blekinge Class also features an angled sail. The similarities are only superficial however and while it may have been an influence, it is hardly a copy. Photo Saab.

Potent Submarine

This does not take away from the potential potency of the new submarine. But it does cast it as an iterative improvement of the Yuan Class rather than an all-new submarine.

Overall the new boat is approximately the same length as the earlier Yuans. This suggests that it hasn’t had an extra compartment added to accommodate vertical launch tubes for missiles. Or some radically new power plant.

These submarines are also equipped with Air independent Power (AIP). This likely uses a closed-cycle Stirling engine, similar to that on the A-26 class, to power the submarine when submerged. This means that it doesn’t have to snorkel to run its diesel generators, to recharge the batteries. Being able to run submerged for much longer greatly increases stealth. The trade-off is that the AIP generates less power so the submarine has to move slowly.

Note that the AIP powers the electric motor directly. It is a common misunderstanding that it recharges the batteries in lieu of the diesel generator. For this reason the diesels are retained.

There is speculation that China may have fitted lithium-ion batteries. These offer a much greater power density and may even make AIP unnecessary. However experts cannot agree and it is a cae of wait and see,

Like previous Yuan Class boats it is likely to be armed with a range of weapons including wire guided torpedoes, anti-ship missiles and mines. And there is the possibly that it can carry land-attack cruise missiles, shot out through the torpedo tubes.

The new submarine may be experimental, or possibly for export, so there is lots more that we do not know. The element of mystique is partly what will keep observers watching it more closely than other types.

https://www.navalnews.com/naval-news/2021/06/new-mystery-submarine-seen-in-china-what-we-know/
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Julho 02, 2021, 06:52:15 am
Terceiro porta aviões já com a ilha instalada

https://mobile.twitter.com/RupprechtDeino/status/1410199656060133379
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Julho 02, 2021, 08:34:24 am
(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/Chinese-Navy-US-Navy-Aircraft-Carriers-Diagram-770x410.jpg.webp)

Click to Enlarge. The Chinese Navy's Type-003 aircraft carrier is approximately the same size as the US Navy's latest Ford Class.
China’s New Super Carrier: How It Compares To The US Navy’s Ford Class
A new aircraft carrier, currently under construction in Shanghai, is the most visible sign of China's rapidly expanding navy. It is larger than China's current two carriers and differs in key aspects. But the natural comparison is to the U.S. Navy's latest carriers, the Ford Class.
H I Sutton  02 Jul 2021

Aircraft carriers are a strategic priority for the world’s leading navies. Experienced players such as the Royal Navy, French Navy (Marine Nationale) and Indian Navy are all in the process of bringing in new carriers. And Japan, South Korea and likely other countries are all taking steps to join the club. But nowhere is the capability gathering steam as much as in China. The Chinese Navy (PLAN) has already commissioned two carriers based on the Russian Admiral Kutzenov class. But their third carrier, known as Type-003, promises to take the PLAN to the next level.

Meanwhile the U.S. Navy, for decades the world leader in this technology, is also modernizing with a new class of super carrier. The first Ford Class ship, USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN-76) was commissioned in 2017. While it has suffered some teething problems it remains the largest and most modern carrier afloat.

The Type-003 is very close in size to the U.S. Navy’s carriers. And although the definition is vague, it seems fair to also describe it as a “super carrier”.

Fresh commercial satellite imagery from Kompsat, via Shadowbreak Inti., allows us to finally measure the size and layout of the Type-003. This permits a general high-level comparison to the Ford Class.

The imagery shows that it is approximately 320 meters (1,050 feet) long. This is about 13 meters (43 feet) shorter than the Ford Class. And it seems less than it sounds if you placed the two ships side by side.

The Chinese ship does have a narrower flight deck however, It’s width of about 73 meters (240 feet) is very similar to preceding Type-001 and Type-002 carriers. There may be logistical reasons for this, such as dry dock sizes. Or it may simply be that the Chinese planners were happy with the width of the current carriers.

Going Electromagnetic
The major step change over the current carriers however is in how aircraft will be launched. The new ship is CATOBAR (Catapult Assisted Take-Off But Arrested Recovery) while the first two are STOBAR (Short Take-Off But Arrested Recovery). Like the Ford Class, the Type-003 is believed to use an Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System (EMALS) instead of a steam catapult. This should promise a faster launch rate. This is a cutting edge technology which has reportedly been less reliable so far on the Ford Class, although things are improving. Yet despite its challenges it is still seen as the way forward and we should not assume that the Chinese will have the same problems. For China it is pragmatic to go straight to EMALS and miss the steam catapult step.

The Type-003 has three catapults with two on the bow and one in a waist position. This is one fewer than the Ford Class which, like earlier American carriers with steam catapults, also has four.

Catapults, which are lacking on the current Chinese carriers, will allow new aircraft types to be carried. A new fixed-wing airborne early warning & control aircraft (AEW&C), the KJ-600, is expected to be aboard. This is, both in role and overall form, very similar to the E-2D Advanced Hawkeye. Other new aircraft are expected to include a carrier version of the FC-31 stealth fighter. A full-size mock-up of this has recently appeared at a test site in Wuhan. This will be generally equivalent of the Ford Classes’ F-35C Lightning-II. It has twin engines however, and possibly a larger internal weapons bay.

It is likely that this new plane will take some time to enter service so the Type-003 may start operations with a catapult capable version of the J-15 Flanker.

Finally here a clear image of the full carrier including its installed island.

(Image via Tieba) and thanks a lot to @raz_liu pic.twitter.com/orewwGVuz3

— @Rupprecht_A (@RupprechtDeino) June 30, 2021
Fewer Aircraft Elevators
The Ford Class has three aircraft elevators (lifts), one less than the preceding Nimitz Class. Despite this the combination of these and the ELAMS should provide a greater sortie rate than the Nimitz Class. The Chinese ship however has only two. These are both rectangular and on the starboard side of the flight deck. Possibly because of the larger island sits between them (unlike on the Ford Class where it is at the stern), the forward lift is very close to the catapults. The blast deflector is right next to it, not forward of it. This may limit its use while aircraft are taking off.

However, on paper the Chinese carrier should have a larger usable deck area thanks to fewer lifts. This may not be seen as a wise trade-off as it will take the Chinese longer to move aircraft up from the hangar. Actually the answer may lie in the Soviet legacy. The Type-003 appears to have inherited its twin lift arrangement directly from the Russian Admiral Kutzenov class.

The island of the Type-003 has only just been placed on the deck in the past few days. It appears shorter than the earlier Chinese carriers but retains their single-level control tower. Above it however will be large phased array radars. This is like the Ford Class.


To summarize, the Type-003 is slightly smaller in overall dimensions. It has fewer catapults and fewer aircraft elevators, which may reduce sortie rates. In general the American ship is a bold evolutionary leap based on decades of operational experience. The Chinese ship on the other hand is a much more conservative step forward from the less experienced carrier operator. There’s no denying that in overall terms the Type-003 is going to be a very large carrier which should be extremely potent. But it may be held back slightly by some design choices which are routed in Soviet thinking.

There are of course many details which we still cannot know about the Type-003. Or the Fords Class in some cases. But ultimately their combat effectiveness, if it ever comes to that, will partly be in the crew and doctrine. The PLAN lacks the vast experience of the U.S. Navy, but it is all the same rapidly gaining experience. it has been operating carriers for nearly 10 years and is clearly heavily invested in making them a success.

https://www.navalnews.com/naval-news/2021/07/chinas-new-super-carrier-how-it-compares-to-the-us-navys-ford-class/
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: mafets em Julho 02, 2021, 12:45:46 pm
Tenho ideia que o Type 003 só tem 3 catapultas.

https://www.naval.com.br/blog/2021/07/01/porta-avioes-chines-type-003-ja-recebeu-a-ilha/ (https://www.naval.com.br/blog/2021/07/01/porta-avioes-chines-type-003-ja-recebeu-a-ilha/)

(https://www.naval.com.br/blog/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/Type-003-Final-de-Junho-1-696x928.jpg)

(https://www.naval.com.br/blog/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/Capa-da-Ship-Knowledge-3-696x967.jpg)

Saudações
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Agosto 09, 2021, 03:58:43 pm
https://www.naval.com.br/blog/2021/08/07/type-003-desvendando-o-enigma-do-porta-avioes-chines-parte-2/
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Agosto 29, 2021, 06:14:59 pm
(https://i.ibb.co/zRfrC7x/FB-IMG-16302570743815482.jpg)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Outubro 03, 2021, 04:37:18 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Outubro 13, 2021, 08:16:55 pm
PLA warships reportedly sail near Alaska, 'display of far-sea capabilities or countermeasure against US provocation'

https://www.globaltimes.cn/page/202109/1234184.shtml
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Outubro 14, 2021, 07:20:16 am
https://mobile.twitter.com/HenriKenhmann/status/1448513900341833733
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Outubro 22, 2021, 12:32:36 pm
(https://www.forumdefesa.com/forum/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fnavyrecognition.com%2Fimages%2Fstories%2Fnews%2F2021%2Foctober%2FFirst_pictures_of_Chinese_Type_055_destroyer_Nanchang_firing_missiles.jpg&hash=b2105415d70d462a8f1128b85926a0e3)

http://navyrecognition.com/index.php/naval-news/naval-news-archive/2021/october/10852-first-pictures-of-chinese-type-055-destroyer-nanchang-fires-missiles.html
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: typhonman em Outubro 25, 2021, 08:03:13 pm
Hoje disseram-me que na cimeira da NATO, os membros vão ser apertados a cumprir com os 2% do PIB, face as novas ameaças...
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Outubro 26, 2021, 06:42:22 am
Hoje disseram-me que na cimeira da NATO, os membros vão ser apertados a cumprir com os 2% do PIB, face as novas ameaças...

Marrocos pode ficar com o nosso lugar
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: NVF em Outubro 26, 2021, 08:55:40 am
O triunvirato Costa-Leão-Cravinho até é capaz de se comprometer com 2,5%, mas, como de costume, é para a boca, porque nunca há a intenção de cumprir o quer que seja.
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Outubro 26, 2021, 09:26:18 am
O triunvirato Costa-Leão-Cravinho até é capaz de se comprometer com 2,5%, mas, como de costume, é para a boca, porque nunca há a intenção de cumprir o quer que seja.

Estilo relatório e contas do BES
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Outubro 27, 2021, 08:23:50 am
China commissions its largest ocean-going patrol ship
INDUSTRY NEWS
October 26, 2021, by Fatima Bahtić
China has commissioned its largest maritime patrol vessel in Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province to enhance maritime security operations in the deep sea.

The vessel Hai Xu 09 measures 165 meters in length, with a width of 20.6 meters and 9.5 meters depth. It has a maximum speed of over 25 knots. According to the officials, the vessel has a full load displacement of 10,700 tons, making it the country’s first official vessel with a displacement of more than 10,000 tons.

The unit is equipped with a helicopter landing pad and a data center with satellite communication systems, including China’s Beidou Navigation Satellite System. Furthermore, it was designed to sail up to 90 days between being supplied with fuel and food.

Its construction started in May 2019 at the China State Shipbuilding yard in Guangzhou while the launching ceremony was held in September 2020.

Local media reported that “it will serve as a mobile law enforcement platform for maritime patrols as well as emergency coordination and command and command of pollution prevention.”

The patrol vessel will be operated under China Maritime Safety Administration’s Guangzhou unit.

https://www.navaltoday.com/2021/10/26/china-commissions-its-largest-ocean-going-patrol-ship/

https://www.maritime-executive.com/article/china-commissions-large-ocean-going-patrol-vessel

(https://www.maritime-executive.com/media/images/article/Photos/Navy_Govt_CoastGuard/Chinese-patrol-vessel.29dd04.jpg)
(https://www.maritime-executive.com/media/images/article/Photos/Navy_Govt_CoastGuard/Chinese-patrol-vessel-2.jpg)
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: mosqueteiro4 em Outubro 27, 2021, 11:47:50 am
China commissions its largest ocean-going patrol ship
INDUSTRY NEWS
October 26, 2021, by Fatima Bahtić
China has commissioned its largest maritime patrol vessel in Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province to enhance maritime security operations in the deep sea.

The vessel Hai Xu 09 measures 165 meters in length, with a width of 20.6 meters and 9.5 meters depth. It has a maximum speed of over 25 knots. According to the officials, the vessel has a full load displacement of 10,700 tons, making it the country’s first official vessel with a displacement of more than 10,000 tons.

The unit is equipped with a helicopter landing pad and a data center with satellite communication systems, including China’s Beidou Navigation Satellite System. Furthermore, it was designed to sail up to 90 days between being supplied with fuel and food.

Its construction started in May 2019 at the China State Shipbuilding yard in Guangzhou while the launching ceremony was held in September 2020.

Local media reported that “it will serve as a mobile law enforcement platform for maritime patrols as well as emergency coordination and command and command of pollution prevention.”

The patrol vessel will be operated under China Maritime Safety Administration’s Guangzhou unit.

https://www.navaltoday.com/2021/10/26/china-commissions-its-largest-ocean-going-patrol-ship/

https://www.maritime-executive.com/article/china-commissions-large-ocean-going-patrol-vessel

(https://www.maritime-executive.com/media/images/article/Photos/Navy_Govt_CoastGuard/Chinese-patrol-vessel.29dd04.jpg)
(https://www.maritime-executive.com/media/images/article/Photos/Navy_Govt_CoastGuard/Chinese-patrol-vessel-2.jpg)

Diria que quase parecem com as nossas traineiras, quero dizer, Classe Viana do Castelo  :mrgreen:
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Outubro 28, 2021, 08:52:22 am
(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/Chinese-Navy-Aircraft-Carrier-Dry-Dock-South-China-Sea-770x410.jpg)

China’s Massive New Aircraft Carrier Is As Big As It Can Be
Aircraft carriers are at the vanguard of China's incredible naval expansion A new, larger super-carrier is being built near Shanghai. Analysis of radar satellite imagery shows that it is as large as China's new bases allow.

 Home»News»China’s Massive New Aircraft Carrier Is As Big As It Can Be
SH Defence The Cube
Chinese aircraft carrier in dry dock satellite image
Click to Enlarge. The new dry dock on Hainan in the South China Sea is only just large enough for the Type-003 aircraft carrier. This suggests that future carriers will be the same size.
China’s Massive New Aircraft Carrier Is As Big As It Can Be
Aircraft carriers are at the vanguard of China's incredible naval expansion A new, larger super-carrier is being built near Shanghai. Analysis of radar satellite imagery shows that it is as large as China's new bases allow.
H I Sutton  27 Oct 2021

The growth of the Chinese Navy has been incredible. The PLAN (People’s Liberation Army Navy) is barely recognizable from itself twenty years ago. Among the most important developments have been aircraft carriers.

Defense analysts have been trawling open source intelligence (OSINT) to keep up with developments. But like much of China, the shipyard building the latest carrier is protected from traditional satellite observation by impenetrable cloud. A new commercial satellite has provided Naval News with a way to see through this cloud.

Seeing In The Dark Or Through Cloud
Using SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) satellites owned by Capella Space we have checked progress on the carrier. This radar imagery can see through the clouds, and at night.

Starting from 10 years ago with imported Russian technology, the latest design is starting to match the U.S. Navy’s super carriers. The PLAN now has two of the Russian-based carriers in service. And the third, the Type-003, is under construction near Shanghai. It is roughly comparable to the U.S. Navy’s Ford Class.

The SAR imagery picks out the three deck catapults, a major change from the Russian based carriers. Those rely on a ski-jump bow to launch aircraft. That works for the J-15 Flanker fighters but does not permit the KJ-600 AWE&C (airborne early warning and control) aircraft to operate. This new twin-prop plane closely resembles the E-2 Hawkeye and is seen as generally comparable to the latest models.

The new carrier as EMALS (electro-magnetic aircraft launch system), like catapults. This is the same technology tat the U.S. Navy is introducing with the Ford Class. It means that the KJ-600 can be operated. And it should improve the endurance of carrier borne fighters. In particular, a new stealthier carrier fighter is expected.

(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/Chinese-Navy-Aircraft-Carrier-under-construction-1024x576.jpg)

The Type-003 aircraft carrier is visible in this recent radar satellite (SAR) image from Capella Space.

Progress appears steady at the Shanghai yard. Another ship which was recently in the same dry dock, but nearer the river, has been moved. This was blocking the entrance of the dry dock so is a necessary step before the carrier is launched.

We do not believe that launch of the carrier is imminent however. This is because sections of a container ship have been moved into the dock behind the carrier. Two massive holes providing access to the inner workings. This is normal for aircraft carrier construction and the same can be seen on U.S. ships.

Analysis of the imagery also reveals insights on other warship programs. A number of the large hovercraft intended for amphibious ships are still present in the basin, along with other naval vessels.
Of particular interest however, the unique ‘Sailless’ submarine does not appear to be present. Analysts will be watching this submarine closely for signs of it entering operational service, or being moved to a research unit.

Size Matters
1,900 km (1,200 miles) further south, at Sanya on Hainan, work is continuing on a gigantic dry dock for the carriers. The facility is strategically located for access to the South China Sea. One carrier, the Type-002 Shandong, is already based there, together with most of China’s nuclear submarine fleet.

A large cofferdam was built in 2016-17 to keep the sea out while construction took place. The docks are now clearly visible in the SAR imagery. Measurements confirm that the new Type-003 aircraft carrier will be able to fit it. However it’s tight beam suggests that China does not have plans for substantially larger carriers.

(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/Chinese-Navy-Aircraft-Carriers-Compared-1024x576.jpg)
The Type-003 carrier (left) is wider and loner tan the first two carriers, such as the Type-002 (left). Catapults replace the ski-jump allowing more types of aircraft to be operated.

Importantly, the largest new dock is only about 80 meters (268 feet) wide, which is the same as the docket where the Type-003 is being built. The Type-003 itself is also approximately 80m wide (our earlier estimates were slightly narrow as it turned out). This suggests that a) the Type-003 will fit inside the new dock, b) any new carrier cannot be any wider if it too is to fit.

Therefore it seems likely that the Type-003 represents the ‘full size’ Chinese aircraft carrier for the foreseeable future. The next ones may be longer, or greater displacement, but not wider. If they are, yet more infrastructure may need to be built.

The new aircraft carriers represent a significant increase in capabilities for the Chinese Navy. And also part of their emergence as a true blue-water force.

https://www.navalnews.com/naval-news/2021/10/chinas-massive-new-aircraft-carrier-is-as-big-as-it-can-be/
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Novembro 02, 2021, 10:08:32 am
(https://navalpost.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/type-003-696x522.jpg)

Type 003 to be the most powerful aircraft carrier of China

By Raymond McConoly -October 31, 2021

Undoubtedly, aircraft carriers are the most effective power projection weapons developed in the last 80 years. A single Carrier strike group possesses sufficient firepower to destroy an entire country’s Navy. However, the relevance of aircraft carriers has grown dramatically in the twenty-first century as maritime activities, including seaborne commerce, oil and gas exploration, and military activities, have increased. Additionally, aircraft carriers act as a significant deterrence against rogue states disrupting global commerce routes and sea lanes.

As the world’s second-largest economy, with over 60% of trade conducted by maritime routes, and as a rival to the United States for global dominance, China desires a powerful blue-water navy led by numerous aircraft carriers. China presently has two aircraft carriers, while a third is under development and operational by 2022, despite the COVID-19 pandemic’s consequences. The rapid pace of work on carrier 003 at Shanghai’s Jiangnan Shipyard is fundamental in advances in Chinese carrier evolution. As of today, the Chinese Navy’s first CATOBAR carrier will be the Type 003.

(https://navalpost.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/China-Shandong_aircraft_carrier_of_Peoples_Liberation_Army_Navy-1024x683.jpg)
China’s Type 002 aircraft carrier of People’s Liberation Army Navy (Source: Wikimedia)

General Features of the aircraft carrier

Unlike the first two aircraft carriers, Type 003 was planned and produced in-house by Chinese engineers at the Shanghai-based Jiangnan Shipyard. Moreover, Type 003 will be significantly more extensive and more advanced technologically than primary carriers. For example, China’s third aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, will be substantially larger than its predecessors, the Shandong, at 304.5 meters in length. Along with being larger than its predecessors, the Type 003 is expected to include a flat-top flight deck equipped with a “catapult aided takeoff but arrested recovery” (CATOBAR) system.

It is nearly the same size as the US navy’s Ford Class carriers, with a displacement of 90,000 tons. The aircraft carrier of Type 003 will have an operational range of 10,000 nautical miles without refueling. That is more than double the size and range of the Liaoning and Shandong aircraft carriers, which have a combined displacement of 45,000 tons and a range of 4000 nautical miles. The Type 003 aircraft carrier will carry 2700 crew personnel and an 85 marine solid detachment to conduct search and rescue missions.

Unlike the US aircraft carriers propelled by nuclear energy, the Type 003 carrier will be propelled by an integrated electric power and propulsion system comprised of two gas turbine generators and four diesel-electric generators. They will generate about 150 Megawatts of electricity when combined. The Type 003 aircraft carriers will be equipped with four shaft propellers, enabling them to reach a top speed of 30 knots and a cruise speed of 28 knots. However, the Chinese Navy’s Type 004 aircraft carrier, now under development, will be powered by a nuclear reactor. Nuclear-powered aircraft carriers outperform conventionally powered counterparts in terms of efficiency, durability, and range.


Much More Airpower Capacity
The Chinese Navy’s initial two aircraft carriers, the Liaoning and the Shandong, have a small capacity for aircraft. The Liaoning aircraft carrier has a maximum carrying capacity of 26 planes and is primarily utilized for training. In comparison, the Shandong is capable of transporting forty fighter aircraft. However, due to the lack of an electromagnetic catapult launch technology, Shandong can only launch J15 fighters with a restricted payload capacity. That is why both of these aircraft carriers are equipped with helicopter-borne early warning radar systems rather than fixed-wing AWACS.

However, the Type 003 carrier will transport 84 fighter and airborne early warning aircraft. In addition, it will house J15 aircraft with a total payload capacity of four and the newly designed fifth-generation J31 stealth fighters with a payload capacity of four. Shenyang’s J31 is a twin-engine carrier-based fifth-generation fighter aircraft on a par with the US Air Force’s F35. Shenyang Aircraft Corporation has been developing the twin-engine FC-31 as a smaller, lighter, and potentially less expensive counterpart to the Chengdu J-20, China’s first and only stealth fighter. The PLAN has reportedly been eyeing the FC-31 as a potential carrier fighter. The arrival of the type in Wuhan is the most unambiguous indication yet that the rumors are accurate.

Type 003 will be configured similarly to the Shandong with two starboard-side aircraft elevators. However, the elevators of Type 003 are believed to be larger, capable of simultaneously lifting two aircraft. For instance, France’s Charles de Gaulle has two elevators, whereas the United States’ Gerald R. Ford-class carriers have three elevators capable of simultaneously lifting two planes.

Sensors
The Type 003 aircraft carrier will be outfitted with dual-band active electronically scanned array radar systems consisting of four S-band dragon eye type 346 radars and four smaller X-band AESA radar panels. These radars will be positioned on the island’s top to provide more coverage, with a detection range of 400 kilometers for targets with a 1-meter square radar cross-section. Additionally, Type 003 will be equipped with several towed array sonars to detect and guard against submarines during anti-submarine warfare.

Layered Air Defense Network
The Type 003 aircraft carrier will be outfitted with a layered defense network of the long, medium, and short-range air defense weapons to defend itself against incoming missiles or cruise missiles. It will be armed with numerous VLS HQ-9 air defense systems to protect along and medium range. Additionally, the type 730 Close-in weapons system can fire up to 4200 rounds per minute at oncoming missiles.

Type 003’s command, control, and battle management systems are identical to those found aboard the United States Navy’s Ford-class aircraft carriers. For nearly a decade, Chinese engineers gathered extensive knowledge about the integrated command and control system and have built a duplicate of the command system used on US carriers.

Conclusion
Liaoning and Shandong will almost certainly continue to operate their aging J-15s, but Type 003 could be equipped with a mix of J-15s, FC-31s, and KJ-600s in addition to the standard helicopters. When the Type 003 is operational, it will be a formidable addition to China’s Navy, allowing it to project power more effectively into the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Additionally, the Chinese Navy’s capability will be significantly enhanced by the Type 003 aircraft carrier’s tremendous firepower and capacity to operate at long ranges.

https://navalpost.com/type-003-most-powerful-aircraft-carrier-of-china/
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Novembro 08, 2021, 08:20:23 am
(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/PLAN-Type-002-aircraft-carrier-Type-075-Yushen-class-LHD-770x410.jpg.webp)
The Type 002 aircraft carrier Shandong (17), foreground, alongside the Type 075 Yushen-class LHD Hainan (31), background, off of Sanya - October 29, 2021. Picture via "Strangelove at SDF".

US DoD’s 2021 China Military Power Report: PLAN Is The Largest Navy In The World

The United States Department of Defense (DoD) released its annual report on military and security developments involving China, commonly referred to as the China Military Power Report. The report says the Chinese Navy is now the largest in the world with 355 ships.

Xavier Vavasseur  05 Nov 2021

This year’s report provides a baseline assessment of the Department’s top pacing challenge and charts the maturation of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).

The report accounts for the PRC’s evolving national strategy and outlines the strategic objectives driving the PLA’s defense policy and military strategy. It also covers key developments of the PLA’s military modernization and reform, and provides insights into the PRC’s regional and global ambitions. 

This includes the PLA developing the capabilities to conduct joint long-range precision strikes across domains, increasingly sophisticated space, counterspace, and cyber capabilities, and accelerating the large-scale expansion of its nuclear forces.

The full report can be found here.
https://media.defense.gov/2021/Nov/03/2002885874/-1/-1/0/2021-CMPR-FINAL.PDF

Regarding the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN or Chinese Navy) the report reads:

The People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) has numerically the largest navy in the world with an overall battle force of approximately 355 ships and submarines, including approximately more than 145 major surface combatants. As of 2020, the PLAN is largely composed of modern multi-role platforms. In the near-term, the PLAN will have the capability to conduct long-range precision strikes against land targets from its submarine and surface combatants using land-attack cruise missiles, notably enhancing the PRC’s global power projection capabilities. The PRC is enhancing its anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capabilities and competencies to protect the PLAN’s aircraft carriers and ballistic missile submarines.

(https://www.navalnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/China-PLAN-Major-Naval-Units-US-DOD-Report-2021.jpg.webp)
Major Naval Units of the PLAN

Other key takeaways from the report regarding the PLAN:

The PRC commissioned its first domestically built aircraft carrier in late 2019 and its first Renhai class cruiser in early 2020. The PRC expects its second domestically built aircraft carrier to enter service by 2024.
In 2020, the PRC launched its second Yushen class amphibious assault ship (Type 075 LHA) after launching its first in 2019, its first class of large deck amphibious warship. A third hull was also under construction in 2020 (and launched in January 2021).
In the near-term, the PLAN will have the capability to conduct long-range precision strikes against land targets from its submarine and surface combatants using land-attack cruise missiles, notably enhancing the PRC’s global power projection capabilities. The PRC is also enhancing its anti-submarine warfare (ASW) inventory and training to protect the PLAN’s aircraft carriers and ballistic missile submarines
The PRC’s 2019 defense white paper described the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) as adjusting to changes in the strategic requirements of near seas protection and far seas protection, noting that it was “speeding up the transition of its tasks from defense on the near seas to protection missions on the far seas…” Towards the PRC’s goal of building a “strong and modernized naval force,” the PLAN is an increasingly modern and flexible force that has focused on replacing its previous generations of platforms that had limited capabilities in favor of larger, modern multi-role combatants. As of 2020, the PLAN is largely composed of modern multi-role platforms featuring advanced anti-ship, anti-air, and anti-submarine weapons and sensors. The PLAN is also emphasizing maritime joint operations and joint integration within the PLA. This modernization aligns with the PRC’s growing emphasis on the maritime domain and increasing demands for the PLAN to operate at greater distances from China.

The PLAN organizes, mans, trains, and equips the PLA’s naval and naval aviation forces, as well as the PLAN Marine Corps (PLANMC), which is subordinate to the PLAN. In 2020, the PLAN continued to implement structural reforms that began in late 2015 and early 2016. Similar to the other services, the PLA-wide reforms removed the PLAN headquarters from conducting operations, which became the purview of the PLA’s joint Theater Commands, and focused it on organizing, manning, training, and equipping naval forces.

Force Structure
The PLAN is the largest navy in the world with a battle force of approximately 355 platforms, including major surface combatants, submarines, aircraft carriers, ocean-going amphibious ships, mine warfare ships, and fleet auxiliaries. This figure does not include 85 patrol combatants and craft that carry anti-ship cruise missiles (ASCMs). The PLAN’s overall battle force is expected to grow to 420 ships by 2025 and 460 ships by 2030. Much of this growth will be in major surface combatants. The PLAN’s force structure consists of three fleets with subordinate submarine flotillas, surface ship flotillas, aviation brigades, and naval bases. The PLAN’s Northern Theater Navy is subordinate to the Northern Theater Command, the Eastern Theater Navy is subordinate to the Eastern Theater Command, and the Southern Theater Navy is subordinate to the Southern Theater Command.

Continua:
https://www.navalnews.com/naval-news/2021/11/us-dods-2021-china-military-power-report-plan-is-the-largest-navy-in-the-world/
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: Lusitano89 em Novembro 08, 2021, 07:20:23 pm
Título: Re: Armada Chinesa
Enviado por: P44 em Novembro 09, 2021, 10:43:22 am
German engine technology found in Chinese warships — report

Engines developed in Germany can evade export control bans due to their status as a so-called dual-use technology, a German media investigation has revealed.

Several types of Chinese navy warships are powered by engines that were either developed or built by German manufacturers, an investigation by public broadcaster ARD and the Welt am Sonntag newspaper revealed Saturday.

The two companies involved are MTU in Friedrichshafen and the French branch of the Volkswagen subsidiary MAN, according to the report.

Both companies told the media they have always complied with export control regulations and have put into the public record that they have been involved with China's military.

The details on MTU's engine deliveries in China were found on the publicly available website of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

SIPRI catalogs arms deals and weapons transfers for publications and reports.

Dual-use technologies fall into a 'gray area'

According to SIPRI, MTU was a regular supplier of engines for Luyang III class missile destroyers through a licensed production plant in China until at least 2020.

(https://static.dw.com/image/59741167_401.jpg)

Additionally, MTU reportedly supplied engines that were used in China's Song-class submarines.

However, the company's headquarters told ARD and Welt am Sonntag that they had "definitively stopped" supplying engines for the submarines.

The company claims it had not "entered into any contracts with the Chinese Defense Ministry or armed forces."

Yet, with the establishment of a joint venture in China in 2010, the head of the company known as Tognum at the time had noted deliveries of "marine engines for the Chinese navy and coast guard."

Likewise, in 2002 SEMT Pielstick, the French subsidiary of MAN, published news of its delivery of PA6 engines manufactured for a new frigate generation under license in China on the company website. That item can still be located on the site's archive pages.

SIPRI noted that the MTU engine installed on China's warships is a so-called dual-use technology not requiring an export license.

"There's a gray area there," said Siemon Wezeman of SIPRI.

EU's toothless arms embargo
The Chinese navy is commissioning more Luyang III destroyers this year. Ships in this class come equipped with surface-to-air missiles and cruise missiles.

China commissioned the Kaifeng in July to commemorate 100 years since the founding of the ruling Chinese Communist Party.

Following the massacre of students and others protesting for democracy in Tiananmen Square in 1989, the EU imposed an arms embargo but with limited binding effect.

https://www.dw.com/en/german-engine-technology-found-in-chinese-warships-report/a-59740301