Choque petrolífero à vistaSucessivos recordes de preços em Londres e Nova IorqueO preço do petróleo continua a bater recordes. Em Londres, o barril de brent chegou a estar à venda nesta terça-feira por 72 dólares e 20 cêntimos. Também em Nova Iorque o barril de petróleo atingiu o valor mais alto de sempre, 71 dólares. O receio de que o Irão, o quarto maior produtor do mundo, interrompa o fornecimento de petróleo e o seu programa nuclear estão por trás da subida dos preços.A subida imparável do petróleo traça um cenário negro para os próximos tempos. Disparam os preços, sobe a inflação, aumentam os juros, as empresas deixam de investir e a economia arrefece. O caso de Portugal é particularmente complicado, porque depende muito do petróleo.Para travar a escalada dos preços, seria necessário baixar a tensão entre o Ocidente e o Irão. Esta terça-feira, George W. Bush garantiu que gostaria de ver a crise resolvida pela via diplomática. No entanto, o Presidente norte-americano acrescentou que tinha de manter abertas todas as opções.Do lado iraniano, também parece não haver vontade de arrefecer os ânimos. Esta terça-feira, o Presidente do Irão reivindicou ter o mais poderoso exército do mundo disposto a defender as fronteiras do país. Mahamoud Ahmadinejad acrescentou ainda que os soldados estão dispostos a cortar as mãos a todos os seus agressores.O Presidente iraniano discursou numa parada militar em Teerão, onde desfilaram milhares de soldados, incluindo os membros das forças navais e aéreas que estiveram envolvidos nas manobras no Golfo Pérsico no final do mês passado, para além dos voluntários da milícia Basij, a Guarda Revolucionária Iraniana.
Por curiosidade:Como é que tem vindo a evoluir o preço do ouro e da prata?E da relação entre o preço do ouro face ao dólar?Vai dar estrilho...
C. J. Campbell, February, 2002“The oil-drilling rig count over the last 12 years has reached bottom. This is not because of low oil price. The oil companies are not going to keep rigs employed to drill dry holes. They know it but are unable ... to admit it. The great merger mania is nothing more than a scaling down of a dying industry in recognition that 90% of global conventional oil has already been found.” — Goldman Sachs, Energy Weekly, August 11, 1999
Oil drops in wake of plane bomb plotAugust 10, 2006 19:31Oil fell $2 to below $75 a barrel today after Britain said it had thwarted a plot to blow up aircraft in trans-Atlantic flight. Early this evening US oil was down $1.95 at $74.40 and London Brent crude was down $1.72 at $75.56.UK police said this morning that a foiled plot to blow up aircraft flying from Britain to the US was 'an attempt to commit mass murder on an unimaginable scale'. Crude futures had begun falling during Asian trading hours on hopes that British oil major BP would avoid a complete shutdown of its Alaska operations. Also, Royal Dutch Shell said it had repaired a pipeline in Nigeria shut since last month, which helped prices head downwards.Prices had shot up earlier this week, with Brent striking a record high $78.64, after BP said it had started shutting down its oil field in Prudhoe Bay as it repairs a pipeline leak caused by corrosion. A complete shutdown would halt production totalling 400,000 barrels of oil per day, or 8% of daily US output. But BP America chairman Bob Malone said yesterday that BP would try to keep at least 200,000 barrels per day of oil gushing. Engineers would make a decision between Friday and Monday on this, he said. Analysts believe it will be many months before full output is resumed, although US Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman said on Tuesday that he had been assured by BP managers that a full shutdown may not be necessary. Losses to oil prices were limited, however, owing to continued strong energy demand in the US and violence in the Middle East. A steeper-than-expected fall in US crude and petrol inventories was also supporting prices. The US Department of Energy said in a weekly update yesterday that petrol stocks fell by 3.2 million barrels to 207.7 million in the week to August 4. That was more than three times the market's expected drop of a million barrels. It was also the biggest fall in US petrol inventories since mid-April, reflecting robust demand as many North Americans take to the roads for summer holidays. However, petrol stocks still remain 0.8% higher than at the same stage of 2005, the DoE said.
Sexta-feira, 20 de Junho de 2008Quando o Mercado Não Funciona O mercado é um alvo fácil. Produto da livre vontade de todos os intervenientes, o mercado tende para soluções eficientes e economicamente justas. Os "resultados" não agradam a todos e por isso há sempre quem expie no mercado os seus próprios pecados. Confesso muito desconforto em criticar o mercado.A forma como os preços do petróleo são fixados já não é eficiente e é essa a principal razão dos movimentos dos últimos meses. Embora se deva reconhecer validade às teses "malthusianas" que apontam para preços do crude mais altos a prazo, não são suficientes para explicar a escalada parabólica dos preços. Os contratos de futuros negociados em bolsa representam uma pequena parte dos negócios de petróleo do mundo, mas servem de referencial para todos eles. Actualmente essa bolsa é particularmente exígua e alguns mecanismos potenciam a subida dos preços per se. É um jogo viciado que potencia uma "bolha" especulativa. E todos são responsáveis porque os fundos de investimento, pensões, PPR entre outros, estão a "investir" nestas bolsas. Em resultado desta ineficiência na formação de preços estamos perante uma monumental transferência de riqueza para os países produtores de petróleo. Estima-se que só a Arábia Saudita receba mil milhões de dólares por dia! É dinheiro que sai de quem produz e quem consome para os cofres de países que, em regra, não primam por elevados níveis de democracia, igualdade de oportunidades, tolerância e desenvolvimento humano. Acrescentam muito pouco para além do que tiram do subsolo.As consequências económicas e geopolíticas são enormes e devem preocupar todos, mas principalmente os responsáveis do mundo livre. As regras do jogo têm que mudar.Publicada por Filipe Garcia http://mercadopuro.blogspot.com/
News & AnalysisFriday, January 25, 2013Peak Oil Bites the DustBy Staff Report$20 trillion shale oil find surrounding Coober Pedy 'can fuel Australia' ... Coober Pedy has between 3.5 billion and 233 billion barrels of oil Australia could change from oil importer to exporter ... South Australia is sitting on oil potentially worth more than $20 trillion, independent reports claim - enough to turn Australia into a self-sufficient fuel producer. Brisbane company Linc Energy yesterday released two reports, based on drilling and seismic exploration, estimating the amount of oil in the as yet untapped Arckaringa Basin surrounding Coober Pedy ranging from 3.5 billion to 233 billion barrels of oil. At the higher end, this would be "several times bigger than all of the oil in Australia", Linc managing director Peter Bond said. This has the potential to turn Australia from an oil importer to an oil exporter. – Advertiser Dominant Social Theme: We are running out of oil and fracking is just a ruse to keep us believing in a consumer society for a while longer. Free-Market Analysis: For years, so many years, we've launched article after article pointing out the insanity of beliefs in elite "scarcity memes." And Peak Oil has been one of the most stubborn and longest-lasting. We've argued that the market itself (the Invisible Hand) would find a way to generate energy – via more oil or with other energy sources – if oil was actually running out. But we didn't really think oil WAS running out. We believed it was just another manipulation.We've traced that manipulation many times. Just search for Peak Oil and Daily Bell. It's laid out in detail, and to give credit where credit is due, we are not the only alternative mainstream journos to have made the case. There are plenty of others who've delved into the Peak Oil scam and exposed it.Memes like Peak Oil and global warming are, in fact, propaganda ... launched by a power elite that wants to control the world and needs to frighten people about the availability of basic resources in order to do it.The memes are carefully constructed and come out of such places as Tavistock. They are then propounded in scientific journals, elaborated on by elite-controlled think tanks, reporter on in mainstream media and finally "acted upon" by the United Nations and various legislatures.It has been estimated that the top elites can create any paradigm they wish with less than 6,000 allies emplaced at critical junctures around the world. You don't need to have a lot of people "in the know" – only a few in the right spots. This is how the conspiracy works. This is how it is kept secret (at least to a degree). Of course, in the 21st century none of this matters very much. Thanks to available 'Net information many have pretty much figured out what's going on. And as a result, the elites are having a harder and harder time spreading their scarcity memes. Many of these memes are collapsing now. Peak Oil would seem to be one of them. Here's more from the article excerpted above:State Mineral Resources Development Minister Tom Koutsantonis said there were exciting times ahead for SA's resources industry. "Shale gas and shale oil will be a key part to securing Australia's energy security now and into the future," he said ... Mr Bond said there was the potential for a US-style "shale oil" boom in SA.The Wall Street Journal reported last week the US could pass Saudi Arabia as the world's largest oil producer this year, thanks to the shale oil explosion.Shale oil extraction involves using new technologies to drill vertically and then horizontally for distances of more than one kilometre through shale rocks that contain oil.The process was once prohibitively expensive but advances have created a new oil boom in the US. Mr Koutsantonis said: "We have seen the hugely positive impact shale projects like Bakken and Eagle Ford have had on the US economy. "There is still a long way to go, but investment in unconventional liquid projects in South Australia will accelerate as more and more companies such as Linc Energy and Altona prove up their resources."Mr Bond said the potential in SA was "massive", but even at the lower end of estimates - about 3.5 billion barrels - it was still very large."If you look at the upper target, which is 103-233 billion barrels of oil, that's massive," he said."The opportunity of turning this into the next shale boom is very real." So now there are two countries where oil resources may suddenly exceed that of Saudi Arabia! In fact, it never made sense that the Middle East was the repository of the world's oil. It was just too ... coincidental. The Saudis had all the world's oil and they were willing to cooperate with the US to sell for dollars and nothing else.Oil scarcity and Saudi cooperation made the dollar reserve system possible.But now the dollar reserve system is failing and the powers-that-be don't need the old system. "They" want to move toward a global currency.And thus it would seem all over the world oil is suddenly blooming ... and the means to remove it from places that hitherto were seen to be parched of petrochemicals entirely is becoming available and practical.Oil is probably abiotic, at least in part. Scarcity is man-made. You know, it is brought to us courtesy of the same elites who are now conspiring to inform us that there is plenty of oil, though it must be "fracked."Our thought is that with all the talk of Tesla's hidden breakthroughs regarding the reality of telluric energy, the elites realize that the reality of energy is going to emerge. We live, after all, in a universe of energy plenty not energy scarcity. Make oil more available and maybe you can stave off Tesla's insights and their implementation a bit longer (if indeed they are viable). Conclusion: Here's another thought: The Internet Reformation is a process not an episode.