Nova Guerra Hamas-Israel

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Cabeça de Martelo

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Re: Nova Guerra Hamas-Israel
« Responder #720 em: Março 14, 2024, 05:55:33 pm »
Israel’s 3 biggest defense companies take stock after 5 months of war

With thousands of their employees called up to the reserves, the companies moved to 24/7 shifts to supply the IDF, while continuing sales abroad, executives at each told Breaking Defense.

By   SETH J. FRANTZMAN
on March 13, 2024 at 7:28 AM

JERUSALEM — Israel Aerospace Industries CEO Boaz Levy said he remembers the first days after the Hamas attack on Israel on Oct.  7, 2023. It meant a clear break with the past.

“We found ourselves on Oct. 7 in a different situation and different environment and knew right away that this wasn’t like a usual operation and that something else was going on,” he said in an interview with Breaking Defense.

IAI called in personnel on the first day of the war, he said. “We began by analyzing the situation and what we anticipated the needs would be as Israel defended itself.”

Israel’s three largest defense companies, IAI, Elbit Systems and Rafael Advance Defense Systems, have seen record sales over the last two years, and they have seen increasing demand for their systems, especially since Russia’s February 2022 invasion of Ukraine.

But five months into the conflict in Gaza, executives at the firms said their companies have felt the strain of the war. The shock of the Oct. 7 attack, the call-up of employees to reserve duty, and the move to 24/7 production all made the last five months the most intense in Israel’s history for the three companies, executives at each told Breaking Defense.

In addition to IAI’s Levy, Breaking Defense spoke to Ran Kril, executive vice president of international marketing and business development at Elbit, and with Gidi Weiss, vice president of strategy, business development and marketing at Rafael.

“There was a lot of uncertainty during the first few days, and we worked together with Israel’s Ministry of Defense to assess their needs and the solutions we could provide to help them defend the State of Israel,” Levy said. “IAI is a government-owned company and as such we see ourselves as part of Israel’s defense system.”

Employees Called Up, Tech Put To The Test
At Elbit, Kril said that in the first days of the war a “substantial” number of the private firm’s 20,000 employees were called up to reserve duty. Israeli men and women serve in the IDF and then can be called up for the reserves in the decades after their mandatory service ends.

“We had at the beginning a couple of weeks of ambiguity in order to provide the maximum support for our customers,” Kril recalls. He said that 80 percent of the company’s revenue comes from customers outside of Israel. As such, the company doesn’t have the luxury to not support those customers. But Kril said that even with the call-ups, there was not a “severe impact” on the company’s ability to support customers abroad.

Elbit makes numerous systems for the IDF, from the Hermes drone to munitions for the artillery, as well as the new Iron Sting mortar, and Iron Fist active protection for the Eitan APC.

“We have reorganized our operations in supply chains and production, and we have substantially recovered and we are quite ok with our customers,” he said. “I wouldn’t say it is perfect. It is stable.”

After five months, with many of the employees back from the reserves as Israel redeploys forces and shifts gears in Gaza, the company is improving its deliveries to its customers, Kril said. Still, he said the company will hire around 1,000 employees this year.

“Many of them have been recruited to support production that is working 24/7, as the war is moving forward,” he said.

At Rafael, which is government-owned and a historic wheelhouse of research and development for Israel’s Ministry of Defense, around 2,000 of the 9,000 employees went to the reserves, according to Weiss. He said another 250 families of employees had been displaced by the war after Israel evacuated almost 200,000 people from border communities near Gaza and Lebanon.

Rafael makes many key systems central to Israeli operations, such as the famous Iron Dome air defense system, as well as the Trophy active protection system — a tech platform that can be mounted on armored vehicles or tanks and guard against incoming aerial threats.

Weiss said these systems faced off against a “never in history” type of event in Gaza, due to the crowded urban battlefield and volume to RPG and anti-tank missile fire directed at Israeli forces.

“There were a few casualties and lessons learned, but to think the amount of the threats shot and the few casualties we have had is mind boggling,” he said.

Israel says 249 of its soldiers have perished since Jerusalem began its counter-attack after Oct. 7, which has also claimed the lives of an estimated 30,000 Palestinians.

Rafael also makes the Firefly loitering munition, which has been used for the first time extensively in the Gaza conflict, Weiss said. The company’s Typhoon weapon station naval mount has also seen use in the war as Israeli naval forces support ground operations in Gaza.

Meanwhile IAI, like the other companies, moved to three shifts a day, working seven days a week to meet the needs of the IDF, Levy said. The company has 15,000 employees, and Levy estimates around 2,000 were called up.

Future Prospects
In the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, several nations, especially in Europe, began looking eagerly for new defense tech and equipment to better deter further aggression and prepare themselves should it come anyway. That has meant some big business for Israeli firms, whose systems have been tested more than most in real-world combat.

Germany, for instance, purchased the Arrow air defense system, jointly developed with the US and made by IAI, in 2023. The David’s Sling air defense system, also developed with the US and produced by Rafael, was sold to Finland.

As they’re sold abroad, both systems have now scored numerous interceptions in the recent war as Hamas and other Iran-backed groups like the Houthis in Yemen and Hezbollah in Lebanon lob rockets, missiles and drones at Israeli targets.

But considering the large number of deals the companies have announced in the last two years, in the first five months of the war the companies appeared to be laying somewhat low, both in terms of big announcements and presence at international defense shows.

Each exec said, however, that’s not the case.

“We are continuing to sign deals and attend trade shows, most recently at the Singapore Airshow and we will be at upcoming shows in Chile and Paris,” says Levy. “Our financial report will be published next month which will include the first quarter of 2024 along with the summary of 2023, of which the war took place during the last quarter. When the report comes out, you will see that our new orders are doing quite well when compared to last year’s orders, you have to wait until we publish.”

Elbit’s Kril said his company, too, is not “trying to hide.”

“Usually at the beginning of the year we don’t participate in numerous shows and exhibitions. We are planning this year for Germany and Eurosatory and UK Farnborough and RIAT [Royal International Air Tattoo] so everything is as planned, and we have others [we will attend].”

He said the war hasn’t resulted in a delay or reduced appetite for the company’s solutions, “maybe on the contrary.”

At Rafael, the company has focused on operationally relevant announcements, according to a company spokesperson. Weiss noted that the first foreign exhibition the company attended was in early January in the United Kingdom, the International Armoured Vehicles conference.

“People showed up because they knew the active protection and reactive armor worked hand-in-hand protecting vehicles and soldiers, enabling smooth operation and mission,” Weiss said.

The company has maintained business as usual, he said, amid protests against the war abroad.

Altogether, the executives from the three Israeli companies are confident that their systems have performed as expected in this intense period. Now, five months in, the companies are preparing to return to international exhibitions, looking for their next customers abroad.

https://breakingdefense.com/2024/03/israels-3-biggest-defense-companies-take-stock-after-5-months-of-war/
7. Todos os animais são iguais mas alguns são mais iguais que os outros.

 

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nelson38899

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Re: Nova Guerra Hamas-Israel
« Responder #721 em: Março 14, 2024, 10:50:44 pm »
Será???

"Que todo o mundo seja «Portugal», isto é, que no mundo toda a gente se comporte como têm comportado os portugueses na história"
Agostinho da Silva
 

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Cabeça de Martelo

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Re: Nova Guerra Hamas-Israel
« Responder #722 em: Março 15, 2024, 03:40:13 pm »
Quanto muito na parte Síria, se eles metessem os pés em terreno controlado pelas IDF, seria pior do que na batalha de Khasham.
7. Todos os animais são iguais mas alguns são mais iguais que os outros.

 

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dc

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Re: Nova Guerra Hamas-Israel
« Responder #723 em: Março 21, 2024, 05:44:38 pm »
Nem de propósito hoje parece que houve pelo menos 5 mortos atingidos pela ajuda humanitária "bombardeada" sobre os palestinianos.
Paraquedas que não abriram, outros que se enrolaram...
Para mim mais uma fantochada para ocidental ver. Assim é mais cinematográfico, quando corre bem.
Se há autorizações para estes lançamentos, porque não há para entrega por terra?
Houvesse real vontade...

Têm sido entregues por terra e os mesmos têm sido saqueados.

Acho que não vale a pena debater muito mais estes assuntos. Não importa o que se faça, vão reclamar com tudo. Nem me surpreendia que, se acontecesse uma catástrofe nos Açores (bater na madeira 3 vezes), e os EUA lançassem por paraquedas ajuda humanitária, também reclamassem.

Entretanto, no mundo real, os EUA propuseram pela primeira vez um cessar-fogo em Gaza, mantendo a condicionante da libertação de reféns. É improvável que seja aceite pelo Hamas, visto que noutras tentativas de cessar-fogo as condições eram iguais ou similares, e não aceitaram.
Penso também ter havido por parte de Israel uma exigência, pelo menos em algum momento, da saída da UNRWA de Gaza. Esta exigência faz sentido, com os indícios de que é uma organização em que uma boa parte dos seus membros tem ligações ao Hamas/a movimentos anti-Israel. Era necessária uma nova agência, criada do zero e realmente bem intencionada.

Entretanto, depois temos destas coisas:
https://x.com/hoje_no/status/1770748676610183569?s=20

Ou seja, o terrorismo é como as questões de género, cada um identifica-se como quer.

E pior ainda, tanto pedem cessar-fogo, como se vêm com estas:
https://x.com/hoje_no/status/1770173801546027024?s=20

Mas lá está, é tudo por causa dos colonatos e não de toda uma retórica de extermínio. Este tipo de afirmações, não ajudam em nada o processo de paz, e apenas dão mais razões à Direita em Israel de continuar com a operação, mesmo havendo discórdias dentro do Governo.
 

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dc

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Re: Nova Guerra Hamas-Israel
« Responder #724 em: Março 22, 2024, 04:46:54 pm »
Ontem foi feita a proposta de cessar-fogo, entretanto Rússia e China vetaram.

https://x.com/hoje_no/status/1771179347769991635?s=20

Parece o pátio de uma creche "Foi o João que deu a ideia? Então não quero".
 

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Lampuka

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Re: Nova Guerra Hamas-Israel
« Responder #725 em: Março 25, 2024, 01:32:32 am »
Outra vez??? Dasse...
Quem está a reclamar dos EUA? Que eu saiba pelo menos os egípcios também fizeram o mesmo tipo de largada. Aprende a ler e interpretar porque já não há pachorra pra tanta estupidez.
E parece que tens algum problema com os Açores. Doi-te alguma coisa?
E sim, é uma fantochada desnecessária. Há muitas formas muito mais eficazes de fazer chegar a ajuda. 
Houvesse vontade, principalmente política, para as implementar.
Ainda hoje escutava alguém na rádio a respeito de Israel ter proibido o trabalho de mais uma organização da ONU que operava junto das populações a referir claramente que os EUA, se quiserem, podem parar a invasão de Rafah assim como obrigar Israel a permitir a distribuição de ajuda de forma conveniente. 
Houvesse essa vontade, que neste momento choca com um jogo de cintura complicado da administração Biden entre eleitorado judaico e muçulmano, e o esse assunto estaria resolvido.
No fundo, com a guerrilha a nível da ONU entre EUA e Rússia/China  tudo o que for a votação será vetado por uns ou outros, por isso é importante ir entretendo o pessoal com este tipo de enredo cinematográfico, como lhe chamo.
João Pereira
 

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Lampuka

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Re: Nova Guerra Hamas-Israel
« Responder #726 em: Março 25, 2024, 01:39:38 am »
Cá está um bom exemplo de uma mão cheia de nada... consequências.
Quais? Sanções? Vão bombardear Israel? Invadir os territórios palestinianos? Proibir o uso de material americano na operação?...

https://expresso.pt/internacional/2024-03-24-Vice-presidente-dos-Estados-Unidos-admite-consequencias-se-Israel-invadir-Rafah-91e8e38a

No fundo dizer isso contenta todos e nenhuns...

João Pereira
 

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Lusitano89

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Re: Nova Guerra Hamas-Israel
« Responder #727 em: Março 25, 2024, 01:30:03 pm »
UNRWA diz que Israel está a proibir entrada de ajuda humanitária no norte de Gaza


 

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Lampuka

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Re: Nova Guerra Hamas-Israel
« Responder #728 em: Março 25, 2024, 03:36:50 pm »
João Pereira
 

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Lusitano89

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Re: Nova Guerra Hamas-Israel
« Responder #729 em: Março 27, 2024, 09:47:08 am »
Israel confirma ter matado o "número três" do Hamas em ataque na Faixa de Gaza


 

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Cabeça de Martelo

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Re: Nova Guerra Hamas-Israel
« Responder #730 em: Março 27, 2024, 10:06:54 am »
Parece que passou pela primeira vez qualquer coisa... ainda que com uma abstenção.
https://g1.globo.com/mundo/noticia/2024/03/25/conselho-de-seguranca-da-onu-aprova-resolucao-de-cessar-fogo-imediato-em-gaza.ghtml

Também aprovaram a resolução de entrega imediata dos reféns a Israel?
7. Todos os animais são iguais mas alguns são mais iguais que os outros.

 

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Lusitano89

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Re: Nova Guerra Hamas-Israel
« Responder #731 em: Março 29, 2024, 09:42:11 am »
TIJ ordena a Israel abertura de passagens para entrega de ajuda em Gaza


 

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Lusitano89

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Re: Nova Guerra Hamas-Israel
« Responder #732 em: Março 30, 2024, 09:26:23 pm »
Nova ronda de ajuda humanitária marítima partiu do Chipre em direção a Gaza


 

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Lusitano89

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Re: Nova Guerra Hamas-Israel
« Responder #733 em: Abril 01, 2024, 01:50:09 pm »
Dezenas de milhares de israelitas protestam contra a guerra


 

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Lusitano89

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Re: Nova Guerra Hamas-Israel
« Responder #734 em: Abril 03, 2024, 10:24:02 am »
Guterres condena ataque "inconcebível" que matou trabalhadores humanitários em Gaza