China's Most advanced destroyer Type 52D stuck in Indian ocean for last 2 weeks due to engine failure Credits : IADNhttps://www.facebook.com/DeadliestTeach/?hc_ref=OTHER&pnref=story
Chinese Warships In Heart of Europe Rattle Western Powers Out of Their Security Dream(Source: People's Daily Online; published July 26, 2017)By Curtis StoneRussian and Chinese warships kicked off the active naval stage of the Maritime Cooperation 2017 drills on July 25 in the Baltic Sea—the heart of Europe, shaking the West’s sense of security.Three Chinese Navy ships—the Hefei guided missile destroyer, the Yuncheng frigate, and the Luomahu supply ship—appeared in the Baltic Sea for the kick off the routine joint drills, becoming the first Chinese naval group to pay a visit to the Baltic Sea. The series of drills are expected to last until July 28, and will include anti-ship, anti-submarine, and anti-aircraft defense maneuvers. China and Russia have been holding the joint naval drills since 2012.Piers Cazalet, the acting spokesman for NATO, said that the naval drills in the Baltic Sea “are an example of China’s growing military capabilities and its increasingly significant global role,” The New York Times reported.The joint naval drills in the Baltic Sea are rattling the nerves of the Western powers. However, the Chinese government has made it clear that the drills are not aimed at any third party, which, by definition, includes NATO. In addition, China does not have a ruthless history of colonialism.But it is hard for the Western powers to shake off that old thinking of world domination. “The Baltic Sea is the heart of Europe. One can only imagine how uncomfortable the China-Russia military exercise is making them,” said Xiakedao, the WeChat account of the overseas edition of the People’s Daily.The West’s anxiety over the joint naval drills is evident from their “little tricks,” as noted by Xiakedao. The former world power dispatched its Royal Navy to shadow the high-tech Chinese armada through the English Channel on its way to join Russia’s fleet. This is routine business for the United Kingdom, but the Netherlands and Denmark also dispatched warships.NATO countries are worried about the growing strategic partnership between China and Russia and the joint naval exercises are being watched closely by NATO warships in the area. The U.S. European Command (EUCOM) said in a statement that the U.S. is “closely tracking Russian exercises with other participants, like China,” according to Stars and Stripes, a news organization that provides news and information to the U.S. military community.The hysteria is ridiculous. In total, about 10 ships, including the three Chinese warships, are taking part in the joint military exercises. In addition, it took the Chinese warships 40 days to reach the distant frontier, according to Russian news agency Sputnik. Compare that to the scale and frequency of NATO military exercises at Russia’s doorstep or the scale and frequency of U.S military exercises at China’s doorstep, and it is obvious that the naval drills are trivial in comparison. “There is no need for NATO to be so fragile,” said Xiakedao.Members of NATO ought to be extremely uneasy—but for very different reasons. U.S. President Donald Trump has called into question the “enduring purpose and nature” of the military and political organization and demanded members pay the U.S. for “protection,” which is problem for the European countries that are struggling with slow to no growth. Furthermore, the new administration is basically just sharpening the edge of former U.S. President Barack Obama’s failed “rebalance to Asia and the Pacific” policy by putting more emphasis on the military dimension. Clearly the U.S.’s “rock-solid” commitment to the alliance is in question.The truth of the matter regarding the joint naval drills is much more mundane. While China and Russia are forging closer military ties, they are not forming a formal military alliance to engage in expansion or to defend against the potential threat of aggression. China has been very clear that it has no intention to seek expansion. And although China is rising as the West declines, the country is focused on development and cooperation—and not world domination. As for Russia, the most important task is to build up the economy. What this all means, of course, is that routine military cooperation between China and Russia is not the next NATO.
Depuis la mise en service du premier bâtiment de classe en Mars 2013, on se rapproche bientôt de la 5e année où les corvettes Type 056 ont commencé à s’intégrer au sein des forces navales de l’armée chinoise.Si l’on croit au chiffre selon lequel une « soixantaine » d’exemplaires a été commandé par la marine chinoise, évoqué par une source « insider », ce programme de bâtiment de combat léger de classe 1 000 tonnes, conçu entre autres pour la protection des intérêts maritimes chinois dans ses zones économiques exclusives situées à 200 milles marins des côtes et les conflits d’intensité faible, a déjà parcouru ⅔ de son chemin, du moins jusqu’à hier.En effet, un article paru sur le site de l’armée chinois 81.cn ce lundi 15 Janvier nous indique que la nouvelle corvette 540 Wuhai a rejoint la 19e flottille de frégates, une unité de la flotte du Nord basée sur l’île de Haiyang, qui se trouve au large de la ville de Dalian situé au nord de la Chine. C’est dans cette même ville que le 2e porte-avions est en cours d’agencement.Il s’agit donc de la 39e corvette Type 056 mise en service dans la marine chinoise, qui est également de la variante Type 056A, le 18e de série, spécialisée dans la lutte anti-sous-marines.Le bâtiment mesurant 88,9 mètres de long et 11,14 mètres au maître-bau a été mis à l’eau au chantier naval Liaonan le 12 Septembre 2016. Tout comme ses sisterships, 540 Wuhai déplace 1 340 tonnes pleine charge et son système de propulsion CODAD permet au navire de filer au delà de 25 nœuds, avec une autonomie économique de 2 000 miles nautiques.Côté systèmes de combat, le navire est équipée d’une suite de combat et de communication dédiée à l’ASW, des missiles ASROC, des grenades anti-sous-marines, des torpilles légères et un sonar remorqué, ainsi qu’un canon principal H/PJ-26 de calibre 76mm, deux CIWS aux canons H/PJ-17 de calibre 30mm et un CIWS aux missiles HQ-10 à huit tubes.Les 95 membres d’équipage sont dirigés désormais par le capitaine de frégate ZHAO Jiang Long (赵江龙), qui se voit confier le navire au prix de 710 millions de yuan (environ 90 millions d’€ au taux de change actuel) par le contre-amiral YAO Li Qiang (姚立强), commandant adjoint de la base navale Liaoning, dans une cérémonie officielle qui a eu lieu hier à 10h00 du matin heure locale.Les représentants civils de Wuhai, une ville minière de 550 000 habitants située à l’ouest de la région autonome de Mongolie-Intérieure en Chine, ont également été présents. Le bâtiment 540 Wuhai est le premier de classe portant le nom d’une ville dans cette province chinoise.
China wants to become east Asia's dominant power. And in order to do that, the country needs a navy that can balance out American and US-allied assets in the region. China wants a force that is capable of operating for extended periods in the open ocean, away from the coasts or support bases. A "blue-water navy" would allow China to protect vital trade routes while also enabling Beijing to project force in areas far from China's coastline.Beijing's naval development could be one of the biggest strategic challenges the US faces in coming decades. And the Chinese navy is already pretty formidable. The following graphic from the US Office of Naval Intelligence shows every surface ship in the Chinese Navy as of February 2015 (you can view a much larger version of the graphic here):
In 1981 China launched the Xia-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine (SSBN), derived from the Han-class SSN. A ballistic missile submarine force would enhance Beijing's assurance of an effective retaliatory capability, as well as strengthening her deterrent posture. Despite a potential for operations in the Pacific Ocean, capabilities would be very limited against modern Western or Russian ASW capabilities. China’s first ballistic missile submarine, the Type 092 Xia-class, was never considered to be a survivable deterrent. The product of “trial and error" (many onboard systems have been upgraded and tested at sea) the Type 092 spent little time away from the pier.Operations have been limited and the Xia has never sailed beyond Chinese regional waters. The sole existing Xia-class SSBN may never have made an operational deployment [in the sense that American SSBNs deployed], and had reportedly been in overhaul [some thought undergoing disposal] since 1995. To the surprise of some, the Xia was sighted during PLAN exercises in December 2000. This is the first time the Xia had been sighted at sea since upgrades in 1995.A second hull was reportedly launched in 1982, but little evidence for the career of this boat subesquently emerged. It is certainly not currently in service, with unsubstantiated reports claiming it was lost in a 1985 accident.It is generally agreed that the single unit of this class entered the shipyard in 1995. Some sources suggest the work was possibly to fit the new JL-2 SLBM system, with the upgrade expected to be completed in 1998, but this appears not to have been the case. The JL-2 (CSS-NX-4) SLBM is reported to carry 3 or 4 MIRV (90kT each) or a single 250kt warhead with a range of 8,000km. Other reports suggest that as of late 1999 China was completing re-construction the second Xia-class missile submarine, with a modified design that can launch the new longer-range JL-2s. However, authoritative sources doubt that the Type 92 is being modified to launch the JL-2.As of March 2001 the US Defense Intelligence Agency reported that the single XIA class SSBN was "not operational." The boat, fitted with 12 JL-1 or JL-1A missiles, had been expected to return to service in mid-1999.In March 2007 Seapower Magazine published an article based on information supplied by the US Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI), and subsequently obtained under the Freedom of Information Act. According to ONI, China's XIA SSBN, which was launched in 1983 and had twice successfully fired a 1,770 km range JL-l SLEM, remained in active service with the Chinese Navy and likely constituted a limited component of China's nuclear deterrent force. As such, the XIA is more than a test~bed for the Chinese Navy. Although the range of the JL-l limits the XIA's utility as a deterrent platfonn, targets throughout the region, including US military facilities, could be targeted with the J-l from launch points inside traditional Chinese Navy operating areas.China's sole XIA Class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine (SSBN) - SSBN #406 - was extended through at least 2010. The Type 94 replacement is equiped with the new JL-2 SLBM system. The Type 092 was noted in imagery to be undergoing refit or repair using the Jianggezhuang Submarine Base drydock [near Qingdao], occupying the drydock between 2005 and 2007. By 2013 the status of the XIA was unclear. The US DOD annual report Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China last mentioned this boat in 2010, and there is no hint of it in subsequent reports. Previous reports of its demise had proven greatly exagerated, though it was never really operational in the American sense. World Warships reported it in service, as of 19 September 2012. Asian Military Review reported the boat as "probably not operational". The latest edition of Combat Fleets of the World, published September 2013, reports that the boat was "expected to remain in service until 2012" which is not much help. World Defense Almanac 2013 reports the boat still in service, as does the authoritative Military Balance. Chinese Military Review published a new set of [undated] photographs of the Type 092 Xia in January 2013, showing the boat tied up pierside.