Exército Britânico

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Re: Exército Britânico
« Responder #120 em: Fevereiro 28, 2019, 05:53:46 pm »



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Re: Exército Britânico
« Responder #121 em: Abril 21, 2019, 10:05:44 am »
 Ejército británico da de baja 1/3 de sus carros de combate para quedarse con solo 148  Challenguer 2

La flota de carros de combate Challenger 2 del ejército británico se verá disminuida en un tercio de su actual flota según la información facilitada en el día de hoy por el diario londinense The Times.

Según revela la noticia de este diario, el ejército británico planea renovar solo 148 tanques de sus actuales 227 debido a las restricciones de costes del British Army.

También señala que los carros de combate restantes se utilizarían para piezas de repuesto, aunque aclara que algunos de los tanques podrían ser reparados para su despliegue en caso de emergencia.

Esta declaración ha sido una verdadera conmoción para una serie de expertos militares que han expresado su preocupación por los planes para reducir la flota de tanques británicos. Algunos ya han calculado que el “nuevo” ejército británico tendría 87 veces menos tanques en comparación con Rusia.

En la década posterior al final de la Guerra Fría, Gran Bretaña perdió su producción de tanques y ahora puede perder la mayor parte de su flota, que en 1991 consistía en cerca de 800 vehículos de combate.

El Challenger 2 es un tanque de batalla principal altamente blindado, diseñado para su uso en zona de fuego directo. Su función principal es destruir o neutralizar otras armaduras. Sin embargo, tiene la capacidad de involucrarse con objetivos tanto duros como fáciles y puede operar en un espectro de conflictos de alta intensidad, contrainsurgencia y funciones de mantenimiento de la paz.

Un Challenger 2 disparando cerca de Basora en Irak.

El vehículo con un peso de 52,5 toneladas está equipado con un cañón estriado L30A1 de 120 mm, que dispara las bombas de penetración de varilla larga como las municiones HESH (High Explosive Squash Head). Cuenta además con una ametralladora coaxial de 7.62 mm y una ametralladora de uso general montada con pivote también de 7.62 mm. Su tripulación está compuesta por comandante, artillero, cargador y conductor.

Aunque el Challenger 2 fue desarrollado a partir del Challenger 1, el vehículo es un rediseño completo, con menos de un 5% de partes comunes entre ambos. El Reino Unido realizó un pedido de 127 unidades en 1991 y más tarde, en 1994, un pedido adicional de 100 unidades. También se encuentra en servicio con el ejército de Omán que cuenta con un total de 38 Challenger 2.

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Re: Exército Britânico
« Responder #122 em: Junho 08, 2019, 01:17:35 pm »
Will the stars finally align to upgrade Britain’s ‘obsolete’ tanks?

 By: Andrew Chuter   2 days ago

 LONDON – Britain has fallen behind its allies and potential adversaries in key armored combat vehicle capabilities and must do more to become a force to be reckoned with, Defence Secretary Penny Mordaunt has warned.

“The future may look very different in years to come, but meantime, while armour is relevant it must be capable, and we must be competitive. We have not been,” Mourdaunt told an audience of senior international army chiefs and industry executives at a land warfare conference in here June 4.

 The Challenger 2 main battle tank and the Warrior infantry fighting vehicle, two of the key elements of the British army’s battle formations, were both labeled as “obsolete” by a defense secretary who only started the job a month ago but could move on once a new Conservative prime minister is elected in July to replace Theresa May.

“Challenger 2 has been in service without a major upgrade since 1998. During this time the U.S., Germany and Denmark have completed two major upgrades, whilst Russia has fielded five new variants with a sixth pending,” she said.

“Warrior is even more obsolete, and is twenty years older than those operated by our key allies. Since Warrior’s introduction in 1988 the United States and Germany have conducted four major upgrades and Russia has invested in three new variants,” said Mordaunt.

 What does she mean by obsolete? In the case of Warrior its best known shortcoming is the inability to fire on the move, and a 30mm cannon that has to be manually loaded with three round clips of ammunition. As it stands, the vehicle is unlikely to scare potential adversaries like the Russians.

 The British have been under-invested in combat armored capability for years aside from meeting the urgent operational requirements to counter improvised explosive devices in Afghanistan. Many of those vehicles remain in service, even though the threat has changed.

 Efforts are finally underway to improve the situation, sparked, in part, by the army’s move to form two armored strike brigades by 2025.

 That force is planned to include tracked reconnaissance vehicles, an 8x8 mechanized infantry vehicle and a new 155mm artillery system.

 General Dynamics UK has started delivering the first of 589 Ajax reconnaissance and support vehicles in what has been touted by the government as the largest armored vehicle investment in three decades.Germany’s Artec has been nominated as the preferred supplier with its Boxer 8x8, although no contract has been signed yet. A competition on the artillery is getting underway.

 Programs to upgrade both the vehicles named as obsolete by Mordaunt are in the works, but there is no manufacturing contract yet for either.

 In the Warrior’s case Lockheed Martin UK secured the upgrade development program from the defense ministry in 2011, but is only now undertaking the reliability trials on which a final production contract depends.

 At one time the number of hulls to be updated was in the region of 380, but suppliers at a recent Lockheed Martin briefing said that as the British Army has shrunk and budgets got tighter, that figure is now down to around 265 and could go even lower.

 As for Challenger 2 upgrades, an assessment phase involving BAE Systems and Rheinmetall has been completed and is now under review.

 It seems no final decision has been made, but the signals coming out of the defense ministry suggest the Army may get what they want, which is a Challenger 2 sporting a German turret and smoothbore cannon.

 Tank numbers to be upgraded are unclear, with defense procurement minister Stuart Andrew telling Parliament recently that the final decision would be informed by “the assessment phase, the defense requirement and a balance of investment consideration.”

The British Army currently has a fleet of 227 Challenger 2 tanks.

 BAE and Rheinmetall recently announced their intention to form an armored vehicle joint venture including the British companies activities in the sector, with the German company having the majority shareholding.

 Final approval of the deal is expected this month and a decision about the way forward on Challenger 2 could follow in the following two or three months.

 The scope and size of the armored-vehicle effort depends, like everything else, on the availability of funding.

 The defense ministry has budgeted £18.4 billion ($23.4 billion) for land-warfare equipment purchases over the next 10 years.

 Shorter-term budget considerations, though, will be resolved in the next few months.

 A government-wide review of departmental budgets, known as the comprehensive spending review, is currently underway. That will dictate whether the currently cash-strapped military will get the sizeable spending increases they are hoping for over the next three years.

 In opening remarks to the RUSI conference this week, Gen. Sir Mark Carleton-Smith, the chief of the general staff, made it clear he saw the threat of the tank diminishing in the military of the future as the focus shifts to issues like cyber warfare.

“The main threat is less missiles and tanks. It’s the weaponization of those elements of globalization that hitherto have made us prosperous and secure, such as mobility of goods, people, data and ideas," he said. "Living on an island gives no guarantees against the corrosive and intrusive effects of disinformation, subversion and cyber.”

Perhaps for now, at least, the last word over the utility of the tank in today’s information-rich environment should go to the conference speaker who voiced the opinion, “You can cyber all you like, but there comes a time when only a tank will do."




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Re: Exército Britânico
« Responder #123 em: Julho 16, 2019, 03:33:52 pm »
Black paratroopers suing Army claim soldiers put up Nazi flags and pictures of Hitler in their barracks

Paratrooper Hani Gue during a parachute jump whilst serving in the British Army.

wo black paratroopers are suing the Army for racial abuse from soldiers who decorated their barracks with Nazi flags and pictures of Adolf Hitler.

Lance Corporal Nkululeko Zulu and Private Hani Gue, both of the 3rd Battalion, the Parachute Regiment (3 Para), told an employment tribunal on Tuesday how they were subjected to racial slurs like "black c--t" and "n-----".

They said a member of 3 Para posted photos of soldiers posing with English Defence League leader, Tommy Robinson, on their Facebook and a picture of Pte Gue and L/Cpl Zulu together was defaced with swastikas and Hitler moustaches.

Giving evidence, Pte Gue, a Ugandan, told how he left City University London, where he was studying criminology and sociology, to join the Army in October 2012.

Pte Gue said: "I wanted to join the parachute regiment in particular, as I was inspired by the Regiment's history of fighting the racist Nazi regime during World War Two.

"I was extremely proud to be part of the Parachute Regiment and was assigned to the 3rd Battalion, A Company, where I started my employment as a Light Machine Gunner.

"Unfortunately, my experiences of racial harassment and discrimination during the course of my employment have led me to realise that the Army is not the honourable institution I once thought it to be."

He told the tribunal: "In the early stages of my career I heard my colleagues use racial slurs such as 'n-----' and 'p---' on numerous occasions.

"This was often passed off as 'banter', although I found it very intimidating and offensive as a non-white person."

"My experience in A Company had an extreme psychological impact on me, leading me to make the decision to change my surname from Gue-Hassan to Gue.

"This was because Hassan is Muslim and I thought it would make me more prone to racial abuse if I continued to be known by this name."

Pte Gue said: "In October 2017, I saw that a member of 3 Para had posted pictures on social media of themselves with Tommy Robinson, leader of the English Defence League.

"It was clear to me at this point that racism was still prevalent in 3 Para, and A Company in particular. Things only got worse from there.

"In November 2017, I was deployed with 3 Para to Kenya on Exercise Askari Storm.

"At this briefing meeting, the officer who was giving the welcome brief told us that we should not behave badly while in Kenya or we would go to prison and get Aids."

All service personnel undergoing training in Kenya are given an environmental brief when they arrive. This would have included a warning not to have sex with prostitutes due to the prevalence of sexually-transmitted diseases in the country.

Throughout the Askari Storm exercise, Pte Gue said he heard 3 Para refer to Kenyan forces and locals as 'n-----' and 'African idiots'.

Pte Gue said: "I was stunned by the racial abuse I witnessed during Exercise Askari Storm.

"I confided in Mr Zulu about how I was feeling and he shared my feelings of hurt and anger.

"He told me about the time that he was referred to as a 'black c--t by Sergeant Andy White, and that the Army never seemed to take any action against this, which infuriated me."

Pte Gue, who is now suing the Army for racial harassment and discrimination, requested early termination on Jan 18, 2018 when he arrived back in England.

Pte Gue told the tribunal that days after his termination was granted, a photograph of he and L/Cpl Zulu was defaced.

He said: "I was horrified to see that someone had drawn swastikas, Hitler moustaches and the words 'f--- off' on the photograph of myself and Mr Zulu."

An MoD spokesman said: “Our personnel should be able to work in an environment free from harassment, intimidation and discrimination and we take all complaints very seriously.

“It would not be appropriate to comment on the case while proceedings are on-going.”

The tribunal, due to last nine more days, continues.

 :arrow: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/07/02/former-paras-sue-army-racist-abuse-including-decorating-block/
7. Todos os animais são iguais mas alguns são mais iguais que os outros.

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Re: Exército Britânico
« Responder #124 em: Agosto 04, 2019, 08:05:16 am »
Army Restructures to Confront Evolving Threats

 (Source: British Army; issued Aug. 01, 2019)

 Lt Gen Ivan Jones CB, Commander Field Army (CFA), has outlined his plans to rebalance the Field Army to ensure that it can compete with and defeat adversaries both above and below the threshold of conventional conflict. CFA described plans for rebalancing his command which will see changes to the structure of the Field Army’s primary formations.
 Lt Gen Jones, said: “The character of warfare continues to change as the boundaries between conventional and unconventional warfare become increasingly blurred. The Army must remain adaptable and evolve as a fighting force. The three complementary British Army Divisions harness the wide range of British Army capabilities, providing choice to the Government in defence of the UK’s interests.

 Whilst retaining its operational focus, the intention is to rebalance the Army’s formations in order to meet the challenges of constant competition and maintain its high-end war-fighting capability.

 He added: “The Field Army must build on the strong foundation of the 3rd Division’s world class war-fighting force. 1st Division provides specialist soldiers and equipment to develop other nations’ armies, deal with disaster and humanitarian crises worldwide and enable our war-fighting division. 6th Division focuses on Cyber, Electronic Warfare, Intelligence, Information Operations and unconventional warfare through niche capabilities such as the Specialised Infantry Battalions.
“The speed of change is moving at a remarkable rate and it will only get faster and more complex.”

Lt Gen Ivan Jones, CB, Commander Field Army

 This change will be integrated within broader Defence, national and alliance efforts and enable the Field Army to operate and fight more effectively above and below the threshold of conflict. The Field Army rebalancing is part of the Army’s response to the emerging Defence thinking and will create a Field Army of integrated, interdependent and complementary formations from 1 Aug 2019.

 -- 1st (United Kingdom) Division (1 (UK) Div) with its blend of lighter infantry, logistics, engineers and medics will provide more strategic choice and a range of capabilities, conducting capacity building, stabilisation operations, disaster relief and UK resilience operations. It will include: 4th (Infantry) Brigade, 7th (Infantry) Brigade, 11th (Infantry) Brigade, 51st (Infantry) Brigade, 8th Engineer Brigade, 102nd Logistic Brigade, 104th Logistic Brigade, 2nd Medical Brigade;

-- 3rd (United Kingdom) Division (3 (UK) Div) will remain as the Army’s primary armoured war-fighting force comprising: 1st Armoured Infantry Brigade, 12th Armoured Infantry Brigade, 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade, 1st Artillery Brigade, 101st Logistic Brigade, 25th Engineer Group, 7th Air Defence Group;

-- 6th (United Kingdom) Division (6 (UK) Div). The re-designation of Force Troops Command (FTC) to 6th (United Kingdom) Division (6 (UK) Div) will provide the Army’s asymmetric edge, orchestrating Intelligence, Counter-Intelligence, Information Operations, Electronic Warfare, Cyber and unconventional warfare. 6 (UK) Div will include: 1st Signal Brigade, 11th Signal Brigade, 1st Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance Brigade, 77th Brigade and the Specialist Infantry Group.

 There will be no changes to personnel numbers, resourcing, cap badges or locations.

 1st August marked the rebirth of a Division which served throughout the First World War and during the Second War. More recently, 6 (UK) Div was formed between 2008-2011 and deployed to Afghanistan as Headquarters Regional Command (South).




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