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« Responder #15 em: Fevereiro 07, 2005, 10:45:13 pm »
Army Transformation Drives Biggest Change Since 1939
 
 
(Source: US Department of Defense; issued Feb. 4, 2005)
 
 
 WASHINGTON --- Fighting the war against global terrorism while simultaneously transforming itself to confront 21st-century threats is challenging the Army, a top military officer told U.S. House members here Feb. 3.  
 
The U.S. Army is in the midst of its greatest transformation since the period just before America's entry into World War II, Army Vice Chief of Staff Gen. Richard A. Cody noted in testimony before the House Armed Services Committee. "This is the most significant change of your Army since 1939," Cody told committee members.  
 
The Army is now transforming its Cold War-era, heavy-division structure into a more mobile, brigade-oriented force equipped with the Stryker armored vehicle. Cody said the Army plans to establish 43 of these new modular brigades.  
 
In fact, Cody noted, the Army's first modular brigade, from the 3rd Infantry Division, is starting to deploy to Iraq. The 101st Airborne and 10th Mountain divisions also are undergoing transformation, he said.  
 
The Army's recently granted request to temporarily add 30,000 soldiers to the ranks was made, Cody observed, "so we can prime the pump, restructure the Army while it's moving and get it out of its Cold War structure."  
 
Today, more than 300,000 soldiers are serving overseas in 120 countries, Cody noted, including 116,000 soldiers deployed in Iraq and 14,000 in Afghanistan.  
 
Cody said about 650,000 soldiers are on active duty today, including mobilized Guard and Reserve members. However, he explained, there's a force-imbalance involving combat support and combat-service-support-units, of which 60 percent are now in the Guard and Reserve.  
 
That imbalance, he said, is making transformation more difficult to achieve and causing force-rotation planners to pull out their hair.  
 
"Until we can get our Army fully modularized so that we can restructure the combat support and combat-service support and lower the amount of units we have," Cody explained, "we are going to have stress on the force."  
 
Consequently, the active-duty Army has been reducing its logistics, field artillery, air defense, engineer and armor units, Cody said, while increasing the numbers of low-density, high-demand support troops, such as military police, intelligence, civil affairs, psychological operations, in order to round out its new brigade-structured units.  
 
"All of this is part of modularity," Cody explained, noting "we've been able to change 40,000 slots in two and a half years while we've been at war to make these new formations."  
 
-ends-
 

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Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS)
« Responder #16 em: Fevereiro 27, 2005, 01:09:06 pm »
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Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS)

Derived from the combat-proven Hydra 70mm unguided rocket, the Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS) rocket is essentially a laser-precise Hydra. It features a semi-active laser guidance system, providing greater accuracy compared to existing unguided rockets. Capable of achieving a direct hit on both moving and stationary targets, APKWS can be used from attack, armed reconnaissance, or other helicopters.


The Apache firing one of its Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS) rockets. (Photo: army-technology.com)


APKWS is based on General Dynamics' Hydra-70 70mm unguided rocket, and offers several warhead configurations as well as BAE System's Distributed Aperture Semi-Active Laser Seeker (DASALS). The system is programmed with the aircraft's laser code and loaded into the aircraft's rocket launcher. APKWS is designed to complement the Hellfire missile system, as well as to enhance an aircraft's existing rocket system. This provides a lower cost per kill for soft to lightly armored point targets. The laser-precise guidance of the APKWS also significantly reduces collateral damage.
 

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« Responder #17 em: Abril 04, 2005, 01:27:35 pm »
Army Approves Full Fielding of M-107 Sniper Rifle
 
 
(Source: US Army; issued March 31, 2005)
 
 
 PICATINNY ARSENAL, N.J. --- The Army has approved its new long-range .50-caliber sniper rifle, the M-107, for full materiel release to Soldiers in the field.  
 
The M-107 program is managed at Picatinny Arsenal, N.J., by the Project Manager Soldier Weapons with engineering support provided by Picatinny’s Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center.  
 
The term “full materiel release” signifies that the Army has rigorously tested and evaluated the item and determined that it is completely safe, operationally suitable and logistically supportable for use by Soldiers, officials said.  
 
Product Manager for Crew Served Weapons Lt. Col. Kevin P. Stoddard said that PMSW previously equipped combat units in Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as other units supporting the Global War on Terrorism, with the M-107 under an urgent materiel release.  
 
The Army expects to complete fielding of the M-107 in 2008, Stoddard said.  
 
The M107 was funded as a Soldier Enhancement Program to type classify a semi-automatic .50 caliber rifle for the Army and other military services. It underwent standard type classification in August 2003.  
 
A production contract was awarded to Barrett Firearms Manufacturing, Inc., Murfreesboro, Tenn., the following month.  
 
Compared to the M24 7.62mm sniper rifle, Stoddard said, the M107 has more powerful optics and fires a variety of .50 caliber munitions.  
 
“This provides sniper teams greater capability to identify and defeat multiple targets at increased ranges,” he said.  
 
The M-107 is based on the Marine Corps special application scoped rifle, the M82A3.  
 
The M-107 enables Army snipers to accurately engage personnel and material targets out to a distance of 1,500 to 2,000 meters respectively, he said.  
 
The weapon is designed to effectively engage and defeat materiel targets at extended ranges including parked aircraft, computers, intelligence sites, radar sites, ammunition, petroleum, oil and lubricant sites, various lightly armored targets and command, control and communications.  
 
In a counter-sniper role, the system offers longer stand-off ranges and increased terminal effects against snipers using smaller-caliber weapons.  
 
The complete system includes the rifle itself, a detachable 10-round magazine, a variable-power day-optic sight, a transport case, a tactical soft case, cleaning and maintenance equipment, a detachable sling, an adjustable bipod and manuals.  
 
The Army plans to modify the M107 in the future by adding a suppressor to greatly reduce flash, noise and blast signatures.  
 
-ends-
 

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« Responder #18 em: Abril 20, 2005, 01:50:26 pm »
United Defense Fires 1,000th Round from Non-Line-of-Sight Cannon Demonstrator
 
 
United Defense Industries, Inc.; issued April 19, 2005
 
 
 MINNEAPOLIS --- United Defense Industries, Inc. announced today it has fired the 1,000th projectile from the Non-Line-of-Sight Cannon (NLOS-C) Concept Technology Demonstrator (CTD) at Yuma Proving Ground near Yuma, Ariz.  
 
The NLOS-C is the lead indirect fire support system of the Army's Future Combat Systems (FCS) Program and one of eight Manned Ground Vehicles being developed for FCS. The CTD is a first look at what Army platforms of the future could be and it provides a starting point for the design and development of NLOS-C prototypes during the System Development and Demonstration Phase of FCS.  
 
The development schedule for FCS calls for the first NLOS-C Increment 0 prototype to be delivered by 2008. This latest firing milestone achieved by the NLOS-C Demonstrator confirms that the NLOS-C's development is on schedule.  
 
"Urban and open combat experiences in Iraq and Afghanistan have reconfirmed that our ground forces depend on cannon artillery," said Jim Unterseher, director of Army Programs at United Defense. "The finger-tip firepower proven by the NLOS-C CTD is a leap ahead in cannon artillery responsiveness, lethality and mobility. This latest milestone is another indication that the next generation of cannon artillery has arrived and could be in the hands of our soldiers very quickly."  
 
United Defense designed and fielded the CTD in just six months by using Crusader technology and other existing components. The CTD consists of a BAE M777 39-caliber, 155-mm howitzer integrated onto a 20-ton class platform that features a fully automated ammunition-handling system. The CTD also features a magazine capable of holding 24 cannon projectiles, and a chassis that uses band tracks propelled by a drive system with a diesel engine and hybrid-electric propulsion system designed to improve mobility and reduce fuel consumption.  
 
Since the CTD's first round was fired in August 2003, the system has achieved numerous milestones and has proven the viability of integrating a 155-mm howitzer onto a 20-ton class self-propelled platform.  
 
In November 2003, United Defense incorporated tactical software into the CTD to integrate its robotic ammunition handling and auto-loading systems to create a fully automated 155-mm cannon system that enables a two-person crew to achieve what currently takes five soldiers to accomplish on the battlefield. Within a month following integration, United Defense used the tactical software to successfully complete an eight-round fire mission at a rate of six rounds per minute, marking the first time a fully-automated cannon had been fired using tactical software.  
 
Throughout 2005, United Defense will integrate new, lighter weight FCS cannon components and continue to refine and test the CTD at Yuma Proving Ground and incorporate data from the testing and development into the objective design for the Future Combat System NLOS-C.  
 
United Defense designs, develops and produces combat vehicles, artillery, naval guns, missile launchers and precision munitions used by the U.S. Department of Defense and allies worldwide, and provides non-nuclear ship repair, modernization and conversion to the U.S. Navy and other U.S. Government agencies.
 

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« Responder #19 em: Abril 20, 2005, 01:52:02 pm »
United Defense Fires 1,000th Round from Non-Line-of-Sight Cannon Demonstrator
 
 
United Defense Industries, Inc.; issued April 19, 2005
 
 
 MINNEAPOLIS --- United Defense Industries, Inc. announced today it has fired the 1,000th projectile from the Non-Line-of-Sight Cannon (NLOS-C) Concept Technology Demonstrator (CTD) at Yuma Proving Ground near Yuma, Ariz.  
 
The NLOS-C is the lead indirect fire support system of the Army's Future Combat Systems (FCS) Program and one of eight Manned Ground Vehicles being developed for FCS. The CTD is a first look at what Army platforms of the future could be and it provides a starting point for the design and development of NLOS-C prototypes during the System Development and Demonstration Phase of FCS.  
 
The development schedule for FCS calls for the first NLOS-C Increment 0 prototype to be delivered by 2008. This latest firing milestone achieved by the NLOS-C Demonstrator confirms that the NLOS-C's development is on schedule.  
 
"Urban and open combat experiences in Iraq and Afghanistan have reconfirmed that our ground forces depend on cannon artillery," said Jim Unterseher, director of Army Programs at United Defense. "The finger-tip firepower proven by the NLOS-C CTD is a leap ahead in cannon artillery responsiveness, lethality and mobility. This latest milestone is another indication that the next generation of cannon artillery has arrived and could be in the hands of our soldiers very quickly."  
 
United Defense designed and fielded the CTD in just six months by using Crusader technology and other existing components. The CTD consists of a BAE M777 39-caliber, 155-mm howitzer integrated onto a 20-ton class platform that features a fully automated ammunition-handling system. The CTD also features a magazine capable of holding 24 cannon projectiles, and a chassis that uses band tracks propelled by a drive system with a diesel engine and hybrid-electric propulsion system designed to improve mobility and reduce fuel consumption.  
 
Since the CTD's first round was fired in August 2003, the system has achieved numerous milestones and has proven the viability of integrating a 155-mm howitzer onto a 20-ton class self-propelled platform.  
 
In November 2003, United Defense incorporated tactical software into the CTD to integrate its robotic ammunition handling and auto-loading systems to create a fully automated 155-mm cannon system that enables a two-person crew to achieve what currently takes five soldiers to accomplish on the battlefield. Within a month following integration, United Defense used the tactical software to successfully complete an eight-round fire mission at a rate of six rounds per minute, marking the first time a fully-automated cannon had been fired using tactical software.  
 
Throughout 2005, United Defense will integrate new, lighter weight FCS cannon components and continue to refine and test the CTD at Yuma Proving Ground and incorporate data from the testing and development into the objective design for the Future Combat System NLOS-C.  
 
United Defense designs, develops and produces combat vehicles, artillery, naval guns, missile launchers and precision munitions used by the U.S. Department of Defense and allies worldwide, and provides non-nuclear ship repair, modernization and conversion to the U.S. Navy and other U.S. Government agencies.  
 
- ends -
 

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« Responder #20 em: Abril 22, 2005, 12:53:41 am »
The Special Operations Command Conducts Second Critical Design Review for the Special Operations Forces Combat Assault Rifle (SCAR)
 
 
(Source: US Special Operations Command; issued Apr. 20, 2005)
 
 
 HERSTAL, Belgium --- The United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) announced today that it conducted the second critical design review for the Special Operations Forces Combat Assault Rifle (SCAR) with FN Herstal since the contract award on 5 November 2004. USSOCOM's SCAR Program is providing the first, truly modular, and reliable assault rifle designed and built from the ground up for the finest fighting forces in the world. The critical design review was spearheaded by the Naval Surface Warfare Center-Crane Division (NSWC-CD), Crane, Indiana, and supported by USSOCOM Operators.  
 
The purpose of the three-day meeting was fivefold:  
 
--To review and discuss major operational application issues to the prototype weapon, some of which were originally discussed during the first Critical Design Review in December of 2004.  
 
-- To continue improvements to the operator-designed weapons.  
 
-- To accelerate the concurrent development of the SCAR Light (SCAR-L), a 5.56 mm version, and Enhanced Grenade Launcher Module (EGLM).  
 
-- To test the weapons on the range and to gather input of ergonomic adjustments, and  
 
-- To make other improvements with the developers and Operators in an iterative process  
As in the first Critical Design Review, upon conclusion of the meetings, FN Herstal provided changes to the existing prototypes and mockups based on discussions illustrating the spiral development process: Two SCAR-L (SCAR-L Close Quarter Combat [CQC] and Standard barrel, EGLM on the SCAR-L) and a SCAR-Heavy (SCAR-H) (CQC barrel). These changes do not affect the majority of internal working mechanisms of the FN design. They are critical to the optimization of the external design features for maximum effectiveness and efficiency of operational applications by the Operators.  
 
Troy Smith, SCAR Program Manager said, "This second Critical Design Review is another successful stepping stone in the development of the Special Operations Forces Combat Assault Rifle. We continue to emphasize the importance of Operator involvement, not just in initial stages, but throughout the lifetime of the program. With this last meeting, we were able to have Operators and developers once again make recommendations through an iterative process. This will improve the Operator-designed weapon to perform optimally. In the end, we very much look forward to providing the Operators with the best solutions technology has to offer."  
 
Throughout the meetings, the developer worked side-by-side with the Operators for an iterative design process. The team was able to make immediate changes and improvements to prototypes and designs. Operators tested the weapons on the range to gauge the initial capabilities of what they had previously outlined in the requirements.  
 
Specifically, the Operator driven modifications to the weapons were:  
 
--(Review of changes and mockups/prototypes outlined in 1st Critical Design Review)  
 
-- Safety lever changes  
-- Magazine release protectors  
-- Trigger reset  
-- Pistol grip design  
-- Bolt release protectors  
-- Charging handle designs  
-- Sling attachment points  
-- Color change to neutral from black  
-- New business in 2nd Critical Design Review  
-- New pistol grip that improved ergonomic fitting to operators  
-- Front sight post with folding and locking options  
-- Gas regulator settings  
-- Barrel mounting screws  
-- Stock adjustment controls  
-- Rear sight adjustments  
-- Butt plate modular feature  
-- SCAR-H testing data  
-- Suppressor integration  
-- EGLM ergonomic decisions  
-- EGLM Fire Control System (FCS) decisions  
 
The program originally had four increments which have been condensed based on early demonstrations of the SCAR-H prototypes. The condensed increments allow the production and fielding of the SCAR-H concurrently with the SCAR-L. The increments are:  
 
Increment #1: Development of SCAR-L with integrated EGLM and development of SCAR-H  
 
Increment #2: Ensuring EGLM Compatibility  
 
Increment #3: Production of the SCAR in Enhanced Calibers as Directed by USSOCOM and the Integrated Product Team. Development of the EGLM and 40mm ammunition enhancements  
 
Increment #4: Continue Development of SCAR and EGLM Capabilities  
 
The SCAR program was:  
 
-- Conducted in a full and open competition  
 
-- Operator envisioned, tested, and chosen with full operator involvement  
 
-- Developed to provide the flexibility to match the way SOF operations are conducted with an increased need for modularity and reliability that reduces maintenance, improves effectiveness, and maximizes the efficiency of weight carried by Operators  
 
The SCAR will be built at the FN Manufacturing LLC, plant in Columbia, South Carolina, which employs approximately 500 people. FN Manufacturing LLC, is a precision machining manufacturer specializing in the production of small arms. Their products include the M16 rifle, M240 machine gun, M249 SAW, and the FNP Polymer 49 pistol for military and law enforcement markets.  
 
The USSOCOM plans, directs, and executes special operations in the conduct of the War on Terrorism in order to disrupt, defeat, and destroy terrorist networks that threaten the United States, its citizens and interests worldwide. USSOCOM organizes, trains, and equips special operations forces that are provided to the Geographic Combatant Commanders, American Ambassadors and their country teams.  
 
The Naval Surface Warfare Center-Crane Division, the center responsible for the SCAR program testing, is located in Crane, Indiana. NSWC-CD is a shore command of the United States Navy under the Naval Sea Systems Command headquartered in Washington D.C. The focus of NSWC Crane is to harness the power of technology for the Warfighter. NSWC-CD specializes in the Acquisition and Fleet support of Electronics, Ordnance and Electronic Warfare products and systems.  
 
-ends-
 

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« Responder #21 em: Abril 27, 2005, 12:16:14 am »
Avengers 'gun up' for Iraq duty
 
 
(Source: US Army; issued April 25, 2005)
 
 
 REDSTONE ARSENAL, Ala. --- An Army unit preparing to deploy knew its Avenger air defense vehicles weren’t built for ground combat in Iraq, so the Soldiers asked for help.  
 
The Cruise Missile Defense Systems Project Office and prime contractor Boeing delivered.  
 
A six-man team went to Kuwait and modified eight Avenger vehicles for the 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment’s Air Defense Artillery Battery which had deployed from Fort Carson, Colo. A modification job expected to take two weeks only took two days, thanks to the team members’ long hours and diligence.  
 
“There was a lot of behind-the-scenes effort going on both here in the project office and at Boeing to make this happen in such a short period of time,” test engineer Harry Lockwood of the CMDS Project Office said. He was on the team along with Boeing workers Jerry Wilson, Steve Milly, Harry Chandler and John Lose; and Jeff King of CAS Inc.  
 
King was already in Kuwait supporting an Integrated Materiel Management Center mission and Lockwood asked him to stay for this Avenger gun-up effort. Wilson and Lockwood arrived at Camp Buehring in Kuwait on March 9 and the others got there March 15.  
 
An M3P 50-caliber machine gun is mounted on an Avenger vehicle, but normally Soldiers can’t fire it toward the vehicle’s front at an elevation less than 10 degrees. The team members changed that for the unit.  
 
“We removed the right missile pod and we moved the M3P gun system up to the missile pod’s position,” Lockwood said. “This now allows 360 degrees firing at any angle or elevation. We also increased the magazine capacity from 250 rounds to 600 rounds.  
 
“The biggest reason why this was important to them is their mission over there is not an air defense mission. Their mission is for ground support and convoy escort.”  
 
Boeing had developed the modification concept. The project office received an urgent needs statement from the unit because its ground defense mission required additional ammunition capacity and the ability to engage targets at 360 degrees at any elevation angle.  
 
The team modified the unit’s eight Avenger vehicles and furnished one complete spare kit. The six worked two 18-hour days to get the job done. On the third day, they trained 34 Soldiers on the equipment with Wilson serving as the training leader. They did a live-fire exercise with the Soldiers on March 25. The Boeing workers returned to the states March 24, and Lockwood and King came back March 27.  
 
Modifying the unit’s Avenger air defense vehicles “greatly enhances their capability at defeating ground targets in their current role,” he said. “Compared to other Humvee-mounted machine guns, our system is gyro-stabilized with a man in the rotating turret which makes it much more adept at engaging targets while on the move.”  
 
Support for the Avenger gun-up effort also came from the Logistics Assistance Office in country and from the Camp Buehring command staff.  
 
“This is but an example of how CMDS is contributing to what all the project offices are doing to fulfill additional warfighting capability,” said Lt. Col. Walt Jones, product manager for CMDS missiles and platforms.  
 
-ends-
 

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« Responder #22 em: Abril 28, 2005, 01:12:41 pm »
ATK Delivers First XM25 Prototypes to U.S. Army for Testing and Evaluation
 
 
(Source: Alliant Techsystems; issued Apr. 27, 2005)
 
 
 MINNEAPOLIS --- Alliant Techsystems has delivered the first six prototype XM25 advanced airbursting weapon systems to the U.S. Army for field-testing. The XM25 fires a High Explosive (HE), air bursting 25mm round capable of defeating an enemy behind a wall, inside a building or in a foxhole. The advanced design allows the operator to program the round so that it flies to the target and detonates at a precise point in the air. It does not require impact to detonate.  
 
The XM25 is ideal for urban combat. It puts precision firepower in the hands of the soldier, allowing them to eliminate threats without causing significant collateral damage. "The initial field tests are very promising," said LTC Matthew Clarke, U.S. Army project manager, individual weapons. "A weapon system like the XM25 will prove invaluable to our warfighters. It will be a clear differentiator on the battlefield."  
 
The revolutionary fire control system for the XM25 employs an advanced laser rangefinder that transmits information to the chambered 25mm round. As the round flies downrange to the target, it precisely measures the distance traveled and detonates at exactly the right moment to deliver maximum effectiveness. The XM25 increases the warfighter's probability of hit-to-kill performance by up to 500 percent over existing weapons. It also extends the effective range of the soldier's individual weapon to more than 500 meters.  
 
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« Responder #23 em: Abril 29, 2005, 02:30:40 pm »
Lockheed vai treinar militares com simuladores

A Lockheed Martin vai treinar pilotos do exército norte-americano com oito simuladores de alta tecnologia. O objectivo é dar uma resposta urgente aos crescentes pedidos que têm surgido, segun declarações da empresa ao Washington Tecnology (WT).
O contrato celebrado entre o Departamento de Defesa norte-americano
e a empresa, está avaliado em cerca de 9.6 milhões de dólares. Aliás, num estudo recente a Lockheed ficou em primeiro lugar entre 100 empresas que mais receitas recebem por contratos assinados, até agora somando aproximadamente 5.5 mil milhões de dólares.
A Lockheed e a "Firearms training systtem", desenvolveram em conjunto estes simuladores. O programa de treino, VCCT (Virtual Combat Convoy Trainers), vai ser usado para ensinar níveis mais avançados de tecnologia e como manejar armas reais, integrando as tácticas de treino de combate próximo e os sistemae de treino da Firearms com armas de pequeno porte e de grande precisão.
Os oito simuladores estão ligados entre si, pelo que os pilotos poderão interagir como se estivessem de facto num comboio militar. Os sistemas incluem também forças "geradas" por computador para que os líderes consigam ter diferentes experiências de comboios militares e as respectivas configurações. Desta forma, podem determinar a própria combinação de camiões e de tropas de combate para suporte.
"Esta capacidade de treino é imperativa para desenvolver os nossos soldados e vamos começar o treino o mais rapidamente possível, para colmatar as defeciências sentidas nso cenário de guerra,ao nível dos comandos de comboios militares de operações", afirmou Joseph Giunta, membro do exército norte-americano, ao WT. O mesmo responsável acrescentou ainda que "1/3 das situações de agressões e mortes aos nossos soldados, desde o inicio da operação de Libertação do Iraque têm envolvido os comboios militares", salientando assim a necessidade de melhor treino e preparação para estas situações.

Fonte http://www.cibera.aeiou.pt
IMPROVISAR, LUSITANA PAIXÃO.....
ALEA JACTA EST.....
«O meu ideal político é a democracia, para que cada homem seja respeitado como indivíduo e nenhum venerado»... Albert Einstein
 

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« Responder #24 em: Abril 30, 2005, 09:40:22 am »
Pentágono quer robôs para operar soldados em combate

O Pentágono atribuiu recentemente 12 milhões de dólares, cerca de 9.25 milhões de euros, a um projecto que prevê o recurso a robôs para a execução de pequenas cirurgias em soldados feridos em situação de combate. Segundo os autores do projecto, os robôs chegariam aos teatros de guerra em veículos não pilotados e poderiam tratar e evacuar os soldados mesmo sob fogo inimigo. "O principal desafio é como fazer chegar cuidados médicos de alta qualidade ao campo de batalha, o mais perto possível da acção e dos soldados", explicou John Baskin, do SRI Internacional, um laboratório com fins não lucrativos que faz investigação para o Departamento de Defesa. "Até agora, os recursos estão limitados ao que um médico pode transportar", acrescentou. Os investigadores do SRI dizem que os robôs serão manipulados por cirurgiões em tempo real, com tecnologia que impedirá quaisquer demoras entre as suas ordens e a sua execução, mas o projecto só estará pronto para passar à práctica daqui a um década. As comunicações serão feitas sem fios e sem que o inimigo possa conhecer a posição dos "trauma pod", nome dos veículos em que estarão os robôs, que terão de actuar de forma ágil e destemida para poderem actuar sob fogo inimigo. Na origem desta tecnologia está a chamada "telecirurgia", já utilizada em muitos hospitais desde o ano 2000, tendo partido de uma ideia também avançada pelo SRI no ano de 1980, mas o robô concebido para esse fim, o da Vinci Surgical System, é demasiado volumoso e demasiado dependentede muitos operadores para ser usado em combate.

Uma boa ideia para ser adoptada pelo nosso SNS quando estes robôs entrarem no activo, ultrapassava-se o problema da falta de médicos fora dos grandes centros, combatiam-se as listas de espera, e, se o paciente morresse, a culpa seria sempre da máquina, pelo menos haveria um culpado. :?
IMPROVISAR, LUSITANA PAIXÃO.....
ALEA JACTA EST.....
«O meu ideal político é a democracia, para que cada homem seja respeitado como indivíduo e nenhum venerado»... Albert Einstein
 

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« Responder #25 em: Maio 11, 2005, 05:00:02 pm »
New Brigade to Coordinate all Army Helos in Korea  
 
 
(Source: US Army; issued May 10, 2005)
 
 
 PYONGTAEK, South Korea --- The U.S. Army in South Korea this summer will merge its helicopter assets into a single, all-purpose aviation unit designed to make it easier for commanders to manage helicopter forces and to mix them for short-term battle tasks.  
 
The unit, being introduced Armywide, is known as a multifunctional aviation brigade, or MFAB. It includes all Army helicopter types except those designed for special operations work.  
 
The Army will establish its first South Korea-based MFAB in mid-June under the 8th U.S. Army.  
 
It will be one of 11 Army MFABs worldwide, several of which are already operating, said Army Col. Richard H. Parker, 8th Army’s chief of force development and plans.  
 
The Army adopted the MFAB concept about two years ago.  
 
The MFAB will make it easier for commanders to pull together the various aircraft types into a “unit of action” — tailored to the needs of a specific task, especially in battle where fast action is crucial, Army aviators told Stars and Stripes.  
 
It will also help commanders sort competing demands for aircraft and increase opportunities for helicopter units to train together, the aviators said.  
 
“The MFAB brings the full spectrum of aviation capability to the ground force commander under one aviation commander,” said Army Lt. Col. Richard Juergens, commanding officer of the 2nd Battalion, 52nd Aviation Regiment, at Camp Humphreys.  
 
The MFAB consolidates within a single organization the Army’s helicopter missions of attack, scout, command-and-control, cargo and medical evacuation.  
 
Army helicopters are traditionally put in separate units according to general function.  
 
In South Korea, the 6th Cavalry Brigade is the 8th Army’s attack helicopter force. Its high-tech AH-64D Apache Longbows can strike at tanks, vehicles, and other ground targets.  
 
The 8th Army’s 17th Aviation Brigade serves as its cargo and general support helicopter force. It consists of UH-60 Black Hawk units that haul cargo or troops and the CH-47 Chinook units that can airlift troops, cannons or other heavy equipment.  
 
And 8th Army’s medical evacuation helicopters come under its 18th Medical Command. Its “dustoff” aircrews fly Black Hawks equipped to rush wounded troops to a field hospital.  
 
When these units combine in June, “The ground force commander need only go to one aviation commander to get aviation support,” said Juergens.  
 
“It simplifies training, it simplifies mission execution, it simplifies deconfliction during execution,” Juergens said.  
 
-ends-
 

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« Responder #26 em: Maio 11, 2005, 05:03:12 pm »
Team Apache Systems Delivers First Arrowhead Unit to U.S. Army
 
 
(Source: Lockheed Martin; issued May 10, 2005)
 
 
 ORLANDO, FL --- On behalf of Team Apache Systems LLC, Lockheed Martin ceremonially delivered its first Modernized Target Acquisition and Designation Sight/Pilot Night Vision Sensor (M-TADS/PNVS), also known as Arrowhead, for the AH-64 Apache helicopter to the U.S. Army today during the Army Aviation Association of America’s national convention in Orlando, FL.  
 
The Lockheed Martin Arrowhead system was presented to U.S. Army Apache Project Manager COL Ralph Pallotta by Tom Simmons, vice president, Fire Control for Lockheed Martin. More than 300 attendees were on hand for the ceremony, including U.S. Army dignitaries, Team Apache Systems subcontractors and Lockheed Martin employees who contributed to the success of the program.  
 
“Today is a great day for the Army, for Army Aviation and for our Apache warfighters as we receive the first Modernized TADS/PNVS - a capability that we have needed for a long time,” said LTC Shane Openshaw, U.S. Army Apache sensors product manager.  
 
“M-TADS/PNVS delivers dramatically improved performance, reliability and maintainability, ensuring Apache remains a relevant and ready capability for our Army. With M-TADS/PNVS, Apaches will be better able to get to the fight and will be able to see and engage the enemy at ranges that are unheard of today. The Apache is the best attack helicopter in the world and we just made it better. This roll-out marks the end of a tremendous effort to develop and produce the first system, and it marks the beginning of a new effort to get it fielded as quickly as possible.  
 
On behalf of the Apache aviators deployed around the world, I am deeply thankful for the outstanding team of professionals that developed and built the ‘new eyes of Apache’.”  
 
“Today’s delivery provides clear evidence that the Team Apache Systems (Lockheed Martin/Boeing)-Army team continues to make significant progress towards equipping the first Army aviation unit with Arrowhead,” said Simmons. “Attack helicopter missions require extraordinary targeting and navigation capability as well as reliability to meet their defining moments. We will continue to work diligently to help Army Aviation be successful in its mission to get into the battle area, find, target and defeat hostile forces and return safely.”  
 
Henry Jacobsen, president of Team Apache Systems, called the Arrowhead program a “great example of teamwork between The Boeing Company and Lockheed Martin.”  
 
“Lockheed has produced an outstanding product in the Arrowhead, which Boeing, as prime contractor for the Apache, has successfully integrated into the Apache weapon system. Through Team Apache Systems, we've made it all work very effectively.”  
 
Lockheed Martin’s Arrowhead kit provides an advanced electro-optical targeting and pilotage system to Apache crews that will maximize safe flight in day, night and adverse-weather environments. Arrowhead continues a 20-year legacy of serving as the eyes of the Army’s AH-64 Apache attack helicopter with the first fielding of the current TADS/PNVS in 1983. Arrowhead’s newly designed forward-looking infrared (FLIR) sensors use cutting-edge image processing techniques to give pilots the best possible resolution to avoid obstacles such as wires and tree limbs during low-level flight. The roll-out of the first Arrowhead kit in an M-TADS system under the Lot 1 contract comes almost twenty-three years to the day of signing the first TADS/PNVS production contract. Several retired officers from the 1983 contract signing were present today to witness the second generation fielding of the original system.  
 
Arrowhead improves performance and reliability of the legacy TADS system by over 150%, reduces mainte?nance actions by nearly 60%, and enables two-level field maintenance—achieving a savings that approaches $1 billion in Army operation and support costs over the anticipated 20-year lifespan.  
 
Arrowhead will be installed on AH-64D Apache Longbow helicopters both in the field and in production at The Boeing Company’s Mesa, AZ, facility.  
 
Team Apache Systems (TAS) is a limited liability company comprised of Lockheed Martin Millimeter Technologies Inc., and McDonnell Douglas Helicopter Systems (an indirect subsidiary of The Boeing Company). The major subcontractors to TAS are Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control, Orlando, Florida, producers of the current generation TADS/PNVS system, and The Boeing Company rotorcraft unit in Mesa, Arizona, the makers of the AH-64 Apache helicopter.  
 
-ends-
 

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« Responder #27 em: Agosto 04, 2006, 05:19:39 pm »
Aviões e helicópteros do exército americano receberão sistema de aviso de missil iminente
http://www.flightglobal.com/Articles/20 ... rners.html

Exército irá receber 375 helicópteros para reconhecimento armado. O helicóptero que tirou o "lugar" ao Comanche (cancelado) é a versão militar do Bell 407.
http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/200 ... x.php#more
 

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« Responder #28 em: Agosto 04, 2006, 08:06:31 pm »
Apache Block III avança
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Apache Block III copter moves to SDD phase
Jul. 26, 2006 at 10:32AM

A $619 million contract has been signed for the next phase of the U.S. Army's Block III AH-64D Apache Longbow attack helicopter.

Boeing reported Wednesday it had signed the SDD (system development and demonstration) pact earlier this month.

"This new contract supports the long-term modernization of the Army's Apache helicopters," said Boeing project manager Scott Rudy. "Boeing and our industry partners will continue to work with the Army to apply the lessons learned and shared by battlefield commanders, aviators and soldiers."

The contract covers development, testing and qualification costs that will follow on the original $66 million deal for risk-reduction engineering.

The AH-64D has been a workhorse for the Army since the late 1980s and has been adopted by a number of allies. The aircraft is armed with a 30 millimeter chain gun and can carry a variety of rockets, including the heavyweight HELLFIRE missile, which was designed as an anti-tank weapon but is also useful against buildings, vehicles and caves used by insurgent forces in Iraq and Afghanistan.

The Block III version of the familiar chopper is scheduled for delivery in 2011 and brings an improved readiness and smaller logistical footprint to Army aviation.

The upgrade is more specifically centered on digital electronics that will tie the Apache in more closely with increasingly network-centric ground units and improve "battlespace dominance."

The project calls for wideband communications capabilities, long-range sensors with data fusion for and the ability to control and interface with unmanned aerial vehicles at level IV.


washingtontimes.com
 

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« Responder #29 em: Agosto 05, 2006, 09:35:32 am »
O programa LUH ganho pela Eurocopter
http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/200 ... x.php#more

Bell espera vitória em contracto histórico de 322 helicópteros ligeiros para o US Army [notícia muy velha, grande cabeça ficou a Bell]
http://www.canada.com/nationalpost/fina ... d4&k=20054

Custos com material do exército Americano deve triplicar [re-routing das notícias]
http://www.military.com/NewsContent/0,1 ... 81,00.html
 

 

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